2 Samuel 19:23
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
So the king said to Shimei, "You shall not die." And the king promised him on oath.

New Living Translation
Then, turning to Shimei, David vowed, "Your life will be spared."

English Standard Version
And the king said to Shimei, “You shall not die.” And the king gave him his oath.

New American Standard Bible
The king said to Shimei, "You shall not die." Thus the king swore to him.

King James Bible
Therefore the king said unto Shimei, Thou shalt not die. And the king sware unto him.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
So the king said to Shimei, "You will not die." Then the king gave him his oath.

International Standard Version
Then the king addressed Shimei, "You won't die!" affirming his promise with an oath.

NET Bible
The king said to Shimei, "You won't die." The king vowed an oath concerning this.

New Heart English Bible
The king said to Shimei, "You shall not die." The king swore to him.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The king promised Shimei, "You won't die," and the king swore to it.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the king said unto Shimei: 'Thou shalt not die.' And the king swore unto him.

New American Standard 1977
And the king said to Shimei, “You shall not die.” Thus the king swore to him.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the king said unto Shimei, Thou shalt not die. And the king swore unto him.

King James 2000 Bible
Therefore the king said unto Shimei, You shall not die. And the king swore unto him.

American King James Version
Therefore the king said to Shimei, You shall not die. And the king swore to him.

American Standard Version
And the king said unto Shimei, Thou shalt not die. And the king sware unto him.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the king said to Semei: Thou shalt not die. And he swore unto him.

Darby Bible Translation
And the king said to Shimei, Thou shalt not die. And the king swore to him.

English Revised Version
And the king said unto Shimei, Thou shalt not die. And the king sware unto him.

Webster's Bible Translation
Therefore the king said to Shimei, Thou shalt not die. And the king swore to him.

World English Bible
The king said to Shimei, "You shall not die." The king swore to him.

Young's Literal Translation
And the king saith unto Shimei, 'Thou dost not die;' and the king sweareth to him.
Study Bible
Shimei Pardoned
22David then said, "What have I to do with you, O sons of Zeruiah, that you should this day be an adversary to me? Should any man be put to death in Israel today? For do I not know that I am king over Israel today?" 23The king said to Shimei, "You shall not die." Thus the king swore to him. 24Then Mephibosheth the son of Saul came down to meet the king; and he had neither cared for his feet, nor trimmed his mustache, nor washed his clothes, from the day the king departed until the day he came home in peace.…
Cross References
1 Kings 2:8
"Behold, there is with you Shimei the son of Gera the Benjamite, of Bahurim; now it was he who cursed me with a violent curse on the day I went to Mahanaim. But when he came down to me at the Jordan, I swore to him by the LORD, saying, 'I will not put you to death with the sword.'

2 Samuel 19:24
Then Mephibosheth the son of Saul came down to meet the king; and he had neither cared for his feet, nor trimmed his mustache, nor washed his clothes, from the day the king departed until the day he came home in peace.
Treasury of Scripture

Therefore the king said to Shimei, You shall not die. And the king swore to him.

Thou shalt

1 Kings 2:8,9,37,46 And, behold, you have with you Shimei the son of Gera, a Benjamite of Bahurim…

sware

1 Samuel 28:10 And Saul swore to her by the LORD, saying, As the LORD lives, there …

1 Samuel 30:15 And David said to him, Can you bring me down to this company? And …

Hebrews 6:16 For men truly swear by the greater: and an oath for confirmation …

(23) The king sware unto him.--This oath of David assuring immunity to Shimei brings to mind his dying charge to Solomon concerning him (1Kings 2:8-9): "His hoar head bring thou down to the grave with blood." The whole transaction is to be viewed from a political point. Shimei had been guilty of high treason in David's distress; at his return he had confessed his fault, and exerted himself to help on David's restoration to the throne. He had accordingly been pardoned, and David, somewhat rashly, had confirmed this pardon with an oath, in such a way that he was unable to punish any subsequent treasonable tendencies showing themselves in Shimei. From the character of the man, however, and from Solomon's address to him in 1Kings 2:44, it is plain that he remained thoroughly disloyal. David saw this, and hindered by his oath from treating him as he deserved, pointed out the case to Solomon. Solomon settled the matter by a compact (into which Shimei willingly entered), that his life should be forfeited whenever he should go out of Jerusalem. There he was under supervision; elsewhere he could not be trusted. After a few years he violated this condition, and was executed. David had made a rash oath, and observed it to the letter, but no farther, towards a thorough traitor.

Verse 23. - The king sware unto him. David's magnanimity was not the result merely of policy, but also of joyful feeling at seeing all the tribes so readily welcome him back to the throne. But in spite of his oath, he orders Solomon to execute him, regarding what he had done as a sin past forgiveness. In so doing we can hardly acquit David of breaking his oath, even granting that Shimei's repentance was insincere, and that the motive of his actions was the desire simply to save his life. But we must remember that our Lord described his injunction, "that ye love one another," as "a new commandment" (John 13:34); and the utmost that can be said in David's favour is that his character was generous and full of chivalry. A half excuse may be found for his order in the supposition that Shimei was an inveterate conspirator, and dangerous to Solomon's peace. This view seems confirmed by the command given to Shimei to build a house at Jerusalem (1 Kings 2:36), where he would always be under surveillance. But had not David himself praised the man who "sweareth to his own hurt, and changeth not" (Psalm 15:4)? Therefore the king said unto Shimei, thou shalt not die,.... This day by my hands, or order, or by the sword, 1 Kings 2:8,

and the king sware unto him; that he should not die for that offence, or for that only; but if he committed a new one, this oath was no longer binding on him, and not at all upon his heir and successor. 19:16-23 Those who now slight and abuse the Son of David, would be glad to make their peace when he shall come in his glory; but it will be too late. Shimei lost no time. His abuse had been personal, and with the usual right feeling of good men, David could more easily forgive it.
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OT History: 2 Samuel 19:23 The king said to Shimei You shall (2Sa iiSam 2 Sam ii sam) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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