Deuteronomy 31:1
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Then Moses went out and spoke these words to all Israel:

New Living Translation
When Moses had finished giving these instructions to all the people of Israel,

English Standard Version
So Moses continued to speak these words to all Israel.

New American Standard Bible
So Moses went and spoke these words to all Israel.

King James Bible
And Moses went and spake these words unto all Israel.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then Moses continued to speak these words to all Israel,

International Standard Version
Moses went and explained these things to everyone in Israel.

NET Bible
Then Moses went and spoke these words to all Israel.

New Heart English Bible
And Moses finished speaking all these words to all Israel.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Moses continued to speak to all the Israelites:

JPS Tanakh 1917
And Moses went and spoke these words unto all Israel.

New American Standard 1977
So Moses went and spoke these words to all Israel.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And Moses went and spoke these words unto all Israel,

King James 2000 Bible
And Moses went and spoke these words unto all Israel.

American King James Version
And Moses went and spoke these words to all Israel.

American Standard Version
And Moses went and spake these words unto all Israel.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Moses went, and spoke all these words to all Israel,

Darby Bible Translation
And Moses went and spoke these words to all Israel;

English Revised Version
And Moses went and spake these words unto all Israel.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Moses went and spoke these words to all Israel.

World English Bible
Moses went and spoke these words to all Israel.

Young's Literal Translation
And Moses goeth and speaketh these words unto all Israel,
Study Bible
Moses Encourages the People
1So Moses went and spoke these words to all Israel. 2And he said to them, "I am a hundred and twenty years old today; I am no longer able to come and go, and the LORD has said to me, 'You shall not cross this Jordan.'…
Cross References
Deuteronomy 30:20
by loving the LORD your God, by obeying His voice, and by holding fast to Him; for this is your life and the length of your days, that you may live in the land which the LORD swore to your fathers, to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, to give them."

Deuteronomy 31:2
And he said to them, "I am a hundred and twenty years old today; I am no longer able to come and go, and the LORD has said to me, 'You shall not cross this Jordan.'
Treasury of Scripture

And Moses went and spoke these words to all Israel.

XXXI.

Deuteronomy 31:1-8. MOSES RESIGNS HIS CHARGE AS LEADER TO JOSHUA.

(1) And Moses went and spake.--The expression is unusual. Possibly it means "went on to speak." The Palestine Targum has, "He went into the house of instruction and spake." The LXX. have apparently preserved a different reading, and say, "And Moses made an end of speaking these words" (like Deuteronomy 32:45), as if the Hebrew were vay'cal instead of vay-yelek. A transposition of two letters would make all the difference.

(2) I am an hundred and twenty years old this day; I can no more go out and come in.--The description of Moses' death in Deuteronomy 34:7, says, "his eye was not dim, nor his natural force abated." Yet he may have felt within himself that his work was done. "I have no longer authority, for the authority is taken from me and given into the hand of Joshua" is one interpretation. And it suits with what follows. "The Lord hath said unto me, Thou shalt not go over this Jordan."

(3) The Lord thy God, he will go over before thee . . . Joshua, he shall go over before thee.--Can it be accidental that Jehovah and Joshua are spoken of in exactly the same language, and that there is no distinguishing conjunction between them, the "and" of the English Version being supplied? "Jehovah, He is going over; Joshua, he is going over." Verbally, the two are as much identified as "The God who fed me all my life long unto this day, the Angel that redeemed me from all evil" (Genesis 48:15-16). The prophetical truth of this identification is too remarkable to be missed.

(4) As he did to Sihon and to Og.--The value of these two conquests, before Israel passed the Jordan, was inestimable, as an encouragement to them to persevere.

(5) According unto all the commandments.--The Hebrew word for "commandments" is in the singular, Mitzvah, the principle of action.

(6) Be strong and of a good courage, fear not, nor be afraid.--Here this is addressed to the people in the plural number. The same thing is said to Joshua in the next verse.

(7, 8) And Moses called unto Joshua.--In these words Moses formally delivers the charge of the people to Joshua, to lead them over Jordan.

He will not fail thee, neither forsake thee.--Repeated by Jehovah Himself (Joshua 1:5). "Will not let thee go" is the exact meaning of "fail" here. Comp. Deuteronomy 9:14, "let me alone."

Verse 1. - And Moses went; i.e. disposed or set himself. The meaning is not that he "went away" into the tent of teaching, as one of the Targums explains it (London Polyglot, tom. 4. p. 377), which does not agree with what follows; nor is "went" merely equivalent to "moreover;" nor is it simply redundant; - it intimates that the speaking was consequent on Moses having arranged, disposed, or set himself to speak (cf. Exodus 2:1; Joshua 9:4; Job 1:4). And Moses went and spake these words unto all Israel. The following words, even to the whole body of the people summoned together on this occasion. It seems that after Moses had made the covenant with them he was directed to, he dismissed the people to their tents, and went to his own, and now returned, having ordered them to meet him again, very probably at the tabernacle; with which agrees the Targum of Jonathan, he"went to the tabernacle of the house of doctrine;''though, according to Aben Ezra, he went to the each tribes separately, as they lay encamped; his words are these,"he went to every tribe and tribe, to acquaint them that he was about to die, and that they might not be afraid, and to strengthen their hearts;''he adds,"in my opinion he then blessed them, though their blessings are afterwards written;''which is not improbable. CHAPTER 31

De 31:1-8. Moses Encourages the People and Joshua.

1. Moses went and spake—It is probable that this rehearsal of the law extended over several successive days; and it might be the last and most important day on which the return of Moses to the place of assembly is specially noticed. In drawing his discourse towards a conclusion, he adverted to his advanced age; and although neither his physical nor intellectual powers had suffered any decay (De 34:7), yet he knew, by a special revelation, that the time had arrived when he was about to be withdrawn from the superintendence and government of Israel.31:1-8 Moses assures Israel of the constant presence of God with them. This is applied by the apostle to all God's spiritual Israel, to encourage their faith and hope; unto us is this gospel preached, as well as unto them; he will never fail thee, nor forsake thee, Heb 13:5. Moses commends Joshua to them for a leader; one whose wisdom, and courage, and affection they had long known; one whom God had appointed to be their leader; and therefore would own and bless. Joshua is well pleased to be admonished by Moses to be strong and of good courage. Those shall speed well, who have God with them; therefore they ought to be of good courage. Through God let us do valiantly, for through him we shall do victoriously; if we resist the devil, he will flee from us.
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