Zophar
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Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary
Zophar

rising early; crown

Smith's Bible Dictionary
Zophar

(sparrow), one of the three friends of Job. (Job 2:11; 11:1; 20:1; 42:9)

ATS Bible Dictionary
Zophar

One of Job's three friends, a native of some unknown place called Naamah. He appears but twice in the dialogue, once less than his two associates, whose general sentiments he shares, with perhaps more severity of judgment against Job, Job 2:11; 11:1-20; Job 20:1 29.

Easton's Bible Dictionary
Chirping, one of Job's friends who came to condole with him in his distress (Job 2:11. The LXX. render here "king of the Mineans" = Ma'in, Maonites, Judges 10:12, in Southern Arabia). He is called a Naamathite, or an inhabitant of some unknown place called Naamah.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
ZOPHAR

zo'-far (tsphar, meaning doubtful, supposed from root meaning "to leap"; Sophar): One of the three friends of Job who, hearing of his affliction, make an appointment together to visit and comfort him. He is from the tribe of Naamah, a tribe and place otherwise unknown, for as all the other friends and Job himself are from lands outside of Palestine, it is not likely that this place was identical with Naamah in the West of Judah (Joshua 15:41). He speaks but twice (Job 11; Job 20); by his silence the 3rd time the writer seems to intimate that with Bildad's third speech (Job 25; see under BILDAD) the friends' arguments are exhausted. He is the most impetuous and dogmatic of the three (compare Job 11:2, 3; Job 20:2, 3); stung to passionate response by Job's presumption in maintaining that he is wronged and is seeking light from God. His words are in a key of intensity amounting to reckless exaggeration. He is the first to accuse Job directly of wickedness; averring indeed that his punishment is too good for him (11:6); he rebukes Job's impious presumption in trying to find out the unsearchable secrets of God (11:7-12); and yet, like the rest of the friends, promises peace and restoration on condition of penitence and putting away iniquity (11:13-19). Even from this promise, however, he reverts to the fearful peril of the wicked (11:20); and in his 2nd speech, outdoing the others, he presses their lurid description of the wicked man's woes to the extreme (20:5-29), and calls forth a straight contradiction from Job, who, not in wrath, but in dismay, is constrained by loyalty to truth to acknowledge things as they are. Zophar seems designed to represent the wrong-headedness of the odium theologicum.

John Franklin Genung

Strong's Hebrew
6691. Tsophar -- one of Job's friends
... 6690, 6691. Tsophar or Tsophar. 6692 . one of Job's friends. Transliteration:
Tsophar or Tsophar Phonetic Spelling: (tso-far') Short Definition: Zophar. ... Zophar ...
/hebrew/6691.htm - 6k
Library

Job.
... In each of the three cycles of discussion with his friends, Eliphaz, Bildad and
Zophar, each argues with Job except that Zophar remains silent in the third ...
/.../gerberding/the way of salvation in the lutheran church/chapter xii job.htm

Job
... He longs to meet God, and to know why He so marvellously treats the creature He
so marvellously made (ix., x.). Zophar bluntly condemns Job's bold words and ...
//christianbookshelf.org/mcfadyen/introduction to the old testament/job.htm

The Story of Job
... friends heard of all this trouble that had befallen him, they came each from his
own home: Eliphaz the Temanite, Bildad the Shuhite, and Zophar the Naamathite ...
//christianbookshelf.org/sherman/the childrens bible/the story of job.htm

Job --Groping
... man. With the whole of the Book of Job in our hands, we know what neither
Job, nor Eliphaz, nor Bildad, nor Zophar, nor Elihu knew. ...
//christianbookshelf.org/whyte/lord teach us to pray/vii jobgroping.htm

'The End of the Lord'
... in that ye have not spoken of Me the thing which is right, like My servant Job.9.
So Eliphaz the Temanite and Bildad the Shuhite and Zophar the Naamathite went ...
/.../maclaren/expositions of holy scripture g/the end of the lord.htm

"And we all do Fade as a Leaf, and Our Iniquities, Like the Wind ...
... "Know, therefore," saith Zophar, "God exacteth of thee less than thine iniquities
deserve." God exacteth not according to law, he craveth not according to the ...
/.../binning/the works of the rev hugh binning/sermon xvii and we all.htm

Brief Directions How to Read the Holy Scriptures once Every Year ...
... Zophar in Job saith, "If thou prepare thine heart, and stretch out thine hand towards
God to pray; if iniquity be in thy hand, put it far away, and let no ...
/.../bayly/the practice of piety/brief directions how to read.htm

Letter xxxviii. To his Brother Gregory, Concerning the Difference ...
... The same moreover would have been the account that there is in the case of Bildad
the Shuhite, and Zophar the Naamathite, and each of the men there mentioned. ...
/.../basil/basil letters and select works/letter xxxviii to his brother.htm

Here Followeth the History of Job
... and come to Job, came ever each one from his place to him, that one was named Eliphas
the Temanite, another Bildad the Shuhite, and the third, Zophar Naamathite ...
/.../wells/bible stories and religious classics/here followeth the history of.htm

How to Make Use of Christ as the Truth, for Growth in Knowledge.
... 6. Let them beware to imagine, that they shall be able to search out the Almighty
unto perfection, "Canst thou (said Zophar, Job 11:7, 8, 9.) by searching find ...
/.../brown/christ the way the truth and the life/chapter xiii how to make.htm

Thesaurus
Zophar (4 Occurrences)
... Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. ZOPHAR. ...Zophar seems designed to represent the
wrong-headedness of the odium theologicum. John Franklin Genung. ...
/z/zophar.htm - 10k

Naamathite (4 Occurrences)
... Easton's Bible Dictionary The designation of Zophar, one of Job's three friends
(Job 2:11; 11:1), so called from some place in Arabia, called Naamah probably. ...
/n/naamathite.htm - 8k

Na'amathite (3 Occurrences)
... Na'amathite (3 Occurrences). Job 11:1 Then Zophar, the Naamathite, answered, (See
RSV). Job 20:1 Then Zophar the Naamathite answered, (See RSV). ...
/n/na'amathite.htm - 7k

Bildad (5 Occurrences)
... entered with him (Job 8:1; 18:1; 25:1), and delivered three speeches, very severe
and stern in their tone, although less violent than those of Zophar, but more ...
/b/bildad.htm - 11k

Job's (11 Occurrences)
... friends heard of all this evil that had come on him, they each came from his own
place: Eliphaz the Temanite, Bildad the Shuhite, and Zophar the Naamathite ...
/j/job's.htm - 9k

Temanite (8 Occurrences)
... friends heard of all this evil that had come on him, they each came from his own
place: Eliphaz the Temanite, Bildad the Shuhite, and Zophar the Naamathite ...
/t/temanite.htm - 8k

Shuhite (5 Occurrences)
... friends heard of all this evil that had come on him, they each came from his own
place: Eliphaz the Temanite, Bildad the Shuhite, and Zophar the Naamathite ...
/s/shuhite.htm - 8k

Eliphaz (14 Occurrences)
... friends heard of all this evil that had come on him, they each came from his own
place: Eliphaz the Temanite, Bildad the Shuhite, and Zophar the Naamathite ...
/e/eliphaz.htm - 15k

Zophim (2 Occurrences)

/z/zophim.htm - 8k

Zophai (1 Occurrence)

/z/zophai.htm - 7k

Concordance
Zophar (4 Occurrences)

Job 2:11
Now when Job's three friends heard of all this evil that had come on him, they each came from his own place: Eliphaz the Temanite, Bildad the Shuhite, and Zophar the Naamathite, and they made an appointment together to come to sympathize with him and to comfort him.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Job 11:1
Then Zophar, the Naamathite, answered,
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Job 20:1
Then Zophar the Naamathite answered,
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Job 42:9
So Eliphaz the Temanite and Bildad the Shuhite and Zophar the Naamathite went, and did what Yahweh commanded them, and Yahweh accepted Job.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Subtopics

Sarcasm: Zophar to Job

Zophar

Zophar: One of Job's Three Friends

Related Terms

Naamathite (4 Occurrences)

Na'amathite (3 Occurrences)

Bildad (5 Occurrences)

Job's (11 Occurrences)

Temanite (8 Occurrences)

Shuhite (5 Occurrences)

Eliphaz (14 Occurrences)

Zophim (2 Occurrences)

Zophai (1 Occurrence)

Naamah (5 Occurrences)

Job (60 Occurrences)

Te'manite (5 Occurrences)

Eli'phaz (7 Occurrences)

Check (9 Occurrences)

Appointment (16 Occurrences)

Sympathize (3 Occurrences)

Homes (43 Occurrences)

Backslide

Troubles (94 Occurrences)

Accepted (82 Occurrences)

Comfort (130 Occurrences)

Accept (106 Occurrences)

Answereth (144 Occurrences)

Met (118 Occurrences)

Friends (152 Occurrences)

Old (3966 Occurrences)

Testament (13 Occurrences)

Adam (29 Occurrences)

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