Topheth
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Smith's Bible Dictionary
Topheth

and once Tophet (place of burning), was in the southeast extremity of the "valley of the son of Hinnom," (Jeremiah 7:31) which is "by the entry of the east gate." (Jeremiah 19:2) The locality of Hinnom is to have been elsewhere. [HINNOM] It seems also to have been part of the king's gardens, and watered by Siloam, perhaps a little to the south of the present Birket el-Hamra . The name Tophet occurs only in the Old Testament. (2 Kings 23:10; Isaiah 30:33; Jeremiah 7:31,32; 19:6,11,12,13,14) The New does not refer to it, nor the Apocrypha. Tophet has been variously translated. The most natural meaning seems that suggested by the occurrence of the word in two consecutive verses, in one of which it is a tabret and in the other Tophet. (Isaiah 30:32,37) The Hebrew words are nearly identical; and Tophet war probably the king's "music-grove" or garden, denoting originally nothing evil or hateful. Certainly there is no proof that it took its name from the beaten to drown the cries of the burning victims that passed through the fire to Molech. Afterward it was defiled by idols and polluted by the sacrifices of Baal and the fires of Molech. Then it became the place of abomination, the very gate or pit of hell. The pious kings defiled it and threw down its altars and high places, pouring into it all the filth of the city, till it became the "abhorrence" of Jerusalem.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
TOPHETH

to'-feth (ha-topheth, etymology uncertain; the most probable is its connection with a root meaning "burning"-the "place of burning"; the King James Version, Tophet, except in 2 Kings 23:10): The references are to such a place: "They have built the high places of Topheth, which is in the valley of the son of Hinnom, to burn their sons and their daughters in the fire" (Jeremiah 7:31). On account of this abomination Topheth and the Valley of Hinnom should be called "The valley of Slaughter: for they shall bury in Topheth, till there be no place to bury," the Revised Version margin "because there shall be no place else" (Jeremiah 7:32); see also Jeremiah 19:6, 12, 13, 14. Josiah is said to have "defiled Topheth" as part of his great religious reforms (2 Kings 23:10). The site of this shameful place would seem to have been either at the lower end of the Valley of Hinnom (see HINNOM, VALLEY OF), near where Akeldama is now pointed out, or in the open ground where this valley joins the Kidron.

E. W. G. Masterman

Strong's Hebrew
8612. Topheth -- a place South of Jer.
... 8611, 8612. Topheth. 8613 . a place South of Jer. Transliteration: Topheth
Phonetic Spelling: (to'-feth) Short Definition: Topheth. ...
/hebrew/8612.htm - 6k

8611. topheth -- (act of) spitting
... 8610, 8611. topheth. 8612 . (act of) spitting. Transliteration: topheth Phonetic
Spelling: (to'-feth) Short Definition: spit. ... 8610, 8611. topheth. 8612 > ...
/hebrew/8611.htm - 6k

8613. Tophteh -- a place of burning, probably the same as Topheth
... 8612, 8613. Tophteh. 8614 . a place of burning, probably the same as Topheth.
Transliteration: Tophteh Phonetic Spelling: (tof-teh') Short Definition: Topheth ...
/hebrew/8613.htm - 6k

Library

Oracles on the Edge of Doom. (vii. 16-xviii Passim, xxii, Xlv. )
... onwards, or if suppressed by Josiah in obedience to Deuteronomy,(366) had been revived
under Jehoiakim; (2) VII.30-34, the high-places in Topheth, upon which ...
//christianbookshelf.org/smith/jeremiah/3 oracles on the edge.htm

Index of Names and Subjects.
... Hebrew poetry, 33. Heine, 36, 40. Herder, 34. Herodotus, 73, 206, 382. Hilkiah,
66. Hinnom, 185, 191, 195 (Topheth). Hosea, 4, 44, etc. Hugo, Victor, 167, 230. ...
//christianbookshelf.org/smith/jeremiah/index of names and subjects.htm

The Young Josiah and the Book of the Law
... He also destroyed Topheth, which is in the valley of Ben-Hinnom, so that no man
could ever make his son or his daughter pass through the fire to Molech. ...
/.../christianbookshelf.org/sherman/the childrens bible/the young josiah and the.htm

Thesaurus
Topheth (9 Occurrences)
... Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia TOPHETH. to'-feth (ha-topheth, etymology
uncertain; the most probable is its connection with a root ...
/t/topheth.htm - 11k

Tophet (8 Occurrences)
... Easton's Bible Dictionary =Topheth, from Hebrews toph "a drum," because the cries
of children here sacrificed by the priests of Moloch were drowned by the ...
/t/tophet.htm - 9k

Hinnom (11 Occurrences)
... children to pass through the fire in the valley of the son of Hinnom" (2 Chronicles
33:6), but Josiah in the course of his reforms "defiled Topheth, which is ...
/h/hinnom.htm - 18k

Moloch (2 Occurrences)
... made his son to pass through the fire (2 Kings 21:6). The chief site of this worship,
of which Ahaz and Manasseh were the promoters, was Topheth in the Valley ...
/m/moloch.htm - 21k

Ben (40 Occurrences)
... 2 Kings 23:10 He defiled Topheth, which is in the valley of the children of Hinnom,
that no man might make his son or his daughter to pass through the fire to ...
/b/ben.htm - 20k

Molech (16 Occurrences)
... made his son to pass through the fire (2 Kings 21:6). The chief site of this worship,
of which Ahaz and Manasseh were the promoters, was Topheth in the Valley ...
/m/molech.htm - 24k

To'pheth (1 Occurrence)
To'pheth. Topheth, To'pheth. Topmost . Multi-Version Concordance To'pheth
(1 Occurrence). ... (See RSV). Topheth, To'pheth. Topmost . Reference Bible.
/t/to'pheth.htm - 6k

Elsewhere (14 Occurrences)
... Jeremiah 7:32 For this cause, the days are coming, says the Lord, when it will no
longer be named Topheth, or, The valley of the son of Hinnom, but, The valley ...
/e/elsewhere.htm - 10k

Slaughter (121 Occurrences)
... See HINNOM, VALLEY OF; JERUSALEM, III, 2. VALLEY OF SLAUGHTER. See HINNOM, VALLEY
OF; SLAUGHTER, VALLEY OF; TOPHETH. SLAUGHTER, OF THE INNOCENTS. slo'-ter. ...
/s/slaughter.htm - 40k

Bury (78 Occurrences)
... Jeremiah 7:32 Therefore, behold, the days come, says Yahweh, that it shall no more
be called Topheth, nor The valley of the son of Hinnom, but The valley of ...
/b/bury.htm - 32k

Concordance
Topheth (9 Occurrences)

2 Kings 23:10
He defiled Topheth, which is in the valley of the children of Hinnom, that no man might make his son or his daughter to pass through the fire to Molech.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

Isaiah 30:33
For a Topheth is prepared of old; yea, for the king it is made ready; he hath made it deep and large; the pile thereof is fire and much wood; the breath of Jehovah, like a stream of brimstone, doth kindle it.
(ASV DBY NAS NIV)

Jeremiah 7:31
They have built the high places of Topheth, which is in the valley of the son of Hinnom, to burn their sons and their daughters in the fire; which I didn't command, nor did it come into my mind.
(WEB JPS ASV BBE DBY NAS RSV NIV)

Jeremiah 7:32
Therefore, behold, the days come, says Yahweh, that it shall no more be called Topheth, nor The valley of the son of Hinnom, but The valley of Slaughter: for they shall bury in Topheth, until there be no place to bury.
(WEB JPS ASV BBE DBY NAS RSV NIV)

Jeremiah 19:6
therefore, behold, the days come, says Yahweh, that this place shall no more be called Topheth, nor The valley of the son of Hinnom, but The valley of Slaughter.
(WEB JPS ASV BBE DBY NAS RSV NIV)

Jeremiah 19:11
and shall tell them, Thus says Yahweh of Armies: Even so will I break this people and this city, as one breaks a potter's vessel, that can't be made whole again; and they shall bury in Topheth, until there be no place to bury.
(WEB JPS ASV BBE DBY NAS RSV NIV)

Jeremiah 19:12
Thus will I do to this place, says Yahweh, and to its inhabitants, even making this city as Topheth:
(WEB JPS ASV BBE DBY NAS RSV NIV)

Jeremiah 19:13
and the houses of Jerusalem, and the houses of the kings of Judah, which are defiled, shall be as the place of Topheth, even all the houses on whose roofs they have burned incense to all the army of the sky, and have poured out drink offerings to other gods.
(WEB JPS ASV BBE DBY NAS RSV NIV)

Jeremiah 19:14
Then came Jeremiah from Topheth, where Yahweh had sent him to prophesy; and he stood in the court of Yahweh's house, and said to all the people:
(WEB JPS ASV BBE DBY NAS RSV NIV)

Subtopics

Topheth

Related Terms

Tophet (8 Occurrences)

Hinnom (11 Occurrences)

Moloch (2 Occurrences)

Ben (40 Occurrences)

Molech (16 Occurrences)

To'pheth (1 Occurrence)

Elsewhere (14 Occurrences)

Slaughter (121 Occurrences)

Bury (78 Occurrences)

Lack (86 Occurrences)

Defiled (119 Occurrences)

Kidron (11 Occurrences)

Untoward (1 Occurrence)

Tabret (3 Occurrences)

Roofs (13 Occurrences)

Mended (2 Occurrences)

Pile (16 Occurrences)

Potter's (16 Occurrences)

Prophet's (22 Occurrences)

Ben-hinnom (7 Occurrences)

Starry (14 Occurrences)

Smashed (22 Occurrences)

Smash (8 Occurrences)

Declares (378 Occurrences)

Breaks (35 Occurrences)

Valley (187 Occurrences)

Drained (38 Occurrences)

Drink-offerings (31 Occurrences)

Brook (75 Occurrences)

Prophesy (96 Occurrences)

Fire (602 Occurrences)

Jar (45 Occurrences)

Treat (53 Occurrences)

Perfumes (69 Occurrences)

Bottle (28 Occurrences)

Square (94 Occurrences)

Hearth (12 Occurrences)

Astrology

Jeremiah (141 Occurrences)

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