Tobiah
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Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary
Tobiah

Tobijah, the Lord is good

Smith's Bible Dictionary
Tobiah

(goodness of Jehovah).

  1. "The children of Tobiah" were a family who returned with Zerubbabel, but were unable to prove their connection with Israel -- (Ezra 2:60; Nehemiah 7:62) (B.C. before 536.)
  2. "Tobiah the slave, the Ammonite," played a conspicuous part in the rancorous position made by Sanballat the Moabite and his adherents to the rebuilding of Jerusalem. (B.C. 446.) The two races of Moab and Ammon found in these men fit representatives of that hereditary hatred to the Israelites which began before the entrance into Caanan, and was not extinct when the Hebrews had ceased to exist as a nation. But Tobiah, though a slave, (Nehemiah 2:10,19) --unless, this is a title of opprobrium --and an Ammonite, found means to ally himself with a priestly family, and his son Johanan married the daughter of Meshullam the son of Berechiah. (Nehemiah 6:18) He himself was the son-in-law of Shechaniah the son of Arah, (Nehemiah 6:17) and these family relations created for him a strong faction among the Jews.
ATS Bible Dictionary
Tobiah

An Ammonite prince, in league with Sanballat and the Samaritans against the pious Jews, who were rebuilding the ruined temple, Nehemiah 2:10; 4:3. His threats and treachery were employed in vain. During Nehemiah's absence, Tobiah was unlawfully established by some of the chief men of Judah, his relatives, in a fine apartment of the new temple; but was ignominiously expelled on the governor's return, Nehemiah 6:17-19; 13:1-9.

Easton's Bible Dictionary
Pleasing to Jehovah, the "servant," the "Ammonite," who joined with those who opposed the rebuilding of Jerusalem after the Exile (Nehemiah 2:10). He was a man of great influence, which he exerted in opposition to the Jews, and "sent letters" to Nehemiah "to put him in fear" (Nehemiah 6:17-19). "Eliashib the priest" prepared for him during Nehemiah's absence "a chamber in the courts of the house of God," which on his return grieved Nehemiah sore, and therefore he "cast forth all the household stuff of Tobiah out of the chamber" (13:7, 8).
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
TOBIAH

to-bi'-a (Tobhiyah; Codex Alexandrinus Tobias; omitted in Codex Vaticanus):

(1) An Ammonite slave (King James Version, "servant"), probably of Sanballat, the governor of Samaria (Nehemiah 2:10). He was grieved exceedingly when Nehemiah came to seek the welfare of the children of Israel. In two ways he was connected by marriage with the Jews, having himself married the daughter of Shecaniah, the son of Arab, and his son Jehohanan having married the daughter of Meshullam, the son of Berechiah (Nehemiah 6:18). Because of this close connection with the Jews, the nobles of the latter corresponded by letter with him and also reported his good deeds to Nehemiah and reported Nehemiah's words to Tobiah. In consequence of the report, Tobiah sent letters to Nehemiah to put him in fear (6:17-19). Nehemiah seems to have considered him to be his chief enemy; for he put him before Sanballat in his prayers to God to remember his opponents according to their works (6:14). In 13:4 we are told that he was an ally of Eliashib, the high priest who had the oversight of the chambers of the house of God and had prepared for him as a guest chamber the room which had before been used as a storehouse for offerings of various kinds. Nehemiah, having heard during his second visit to Jerusalem of this desecration of the temple, cast out the household stuff of Tobiah and cleansed the chambers, restoring the vessels of God and the offerings as of old.

(2) The eponym of a family which returned with Zerubbabel, but could not trace its descent (Ezra 2:60 Nehemiah 7:62).

R. Dick Wilson

Strong's Hebrew
3076. Yehochanan -- "the LORD has been gracious," the name of a ...
... 3075, 3076. Yehochanan. 3077 . "the LORD has been gracious," the name
of a number of Isr., a lso a son of Tobiah. Transliteration ...
/hebrew/3076.htm - 6k

2900. Tobiyyahu -- "Yah is my good," three Israelites, also an ...
... "Yah is my good," three Israelites, also an Ammonite. Transliteration: Tobiyyahu
or Tobiyyah Phonetic Spelling: (to-bee-yaw') Short Definition: Tobiah. ...
/hebrew/2900.htm - 6k

Library

Heathen Plots
... "I perceived that God had not sent him," he says, "but that he pronounced this
prophecy against me: for Tobiah and Sanballat had hired him. ...
/.../white/the story of prophets and kings/chapter 55 heathen plots.htm

Nehemiah, the Praying Builder
... In building the wall of Jerusalem, he met with great opposition from Sanballat and
Tobiah, who ridiculed the efforts of the people to rebuild the city's walls. ...
/.../bounds/prayer and praying men/viii nehemiah the praying builder.htm

Reformation
... Through intermarriage, a friendship had been brought about between Eliashib the
high priest and Tobiah the Ammonite, Israel's bitter enemy. ...
/.../white/the story of prophets and kings/chapter 57 reformation.htm

The Builders on the Wall
... Foremost in this evil work were certain chiefs of these tribes, Sanballat
the Horonite, Tobiah the Ammonite, and Geshem the Arabian. ...
/.../white/the story of prophets and kings/chapter 53 the builders on.htm

Overcoming Great Difficulties
... Tobiah, the Ammonite, was with him, and he said, "This stone wall which they are
building"if a fox should go up on it, he would break it down!". ...
/.../sherman/the childrens bible/overcoming great difficulties.htm

The Prophet Nehemiah
... "When Sanballat the Horonite, and Tobiah the servant, the Ammonite, and ... Young man,
if you wish to be successful in this world, don't mind Sanballat or Tobiah. ...
//christianbookshelf.org/moody/men of the bible/iv the prophet nehemiah.htm

The Two Guards, Praying and Watching
... Tobiah uttered a cutting jest; but we prayed never the less, but all the more because
of his mocking taunt. ... 3. Now Tobiah the Ammonite was by him. ...
/.../spurgeon/spurgeons sermons volume 38 1892/the two guards praying and.htm

Nehemiah's Answer to a Call for Help
... The king had sent with me officers and horsemen; and when Sanballat, the Horonite,
and Tobiah, the Ammonite slave, heard of it, it troubled them greatly, that ...
/.../sherman/the childrens bible/nehemiahs answer to a call.htm

Discouragements and Courage
... accumulations of rubbish. The second part in the trio was taken by the
enemies"Sanballat and Tobiah and the rest. They laid their ...
/.../maclaren/expositions of holy scripture g/discouragements and courage.htm

Matt. 8:11 Many
... When the Jews were rebuilding the wall of Jerusalem after the return from Babylon,
Sanballat and Tobiah scoffed at them, and said, "What do these feeble Jews? ...
/.../the upper room being a few truths for the times/chapter xiii matt 8 11 many.htm

Thesaurus
Tobiah (14 Occurrences)
... a chamber in the courts of the house of God," which on his return grieved Nehemiah
sore, and therefore he "cast forth all the household stuff of Tobiah out of ...
/t/tobiah.htm - 13k

Tobiah's (2 Occurrences)
...Tobiah's (2 Occurrences). Nehemiah 6:17 Moreover in those days the nobles of Judah
sent many letters unto Tobiah, and the letters of Tobiah came unto them. ...
/t/tobiah's.htm - 6k

Tobi'ah (15 Occurrences)
Tobi'ah. Tobiah, Tobi'ah. Tobiah's . ... Ezra 2:60 the children of Delaiah, the
children of Tobiah, the children of Nekoda, six hundred fifty and two. (See RSV) ...
/t/tobi'ah.htm - 10k

Sanbal'lat (10 Occurrences)
... Nehemiah 2:10 And when Sanballat the Horonite, and Tobiah the servant, the Ammonite,
heard of it, it grieved them exceedingly, for that there was come a man to ...
/s/sanbal'lat.htm - 9k

Sanballat (10 Occurrences)
... He is named along with Tobiah, the Ammonite slave (Nehemiah 4:1), and Geshem the
Arabian (Nehemiah 6:1) as the leading opponent of the Jews at the time when ...
/s/sanballat.htm - 14k

Geshem (5 Occurrences)
... Arabs south of Palestine, one of the enemies of the Jews after the return from Babylon
(Nehemiah 2:19; 6:1, 2). He united with Sanballat and Tobiah in opposing ...
/g/geshem.htm - 9k

Eliashib (15 Occurrences)
... His indulgence of Tobiah the Ammonite provoked the indignation of Nehemiah
(13:4, 7). Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. ELIASHIB. ...
/e/eliashib.htm - 13k

Noadiah (2 Occurrences)
... (1.) A Levite who returned from Babylon (Ezra 8:33). (2.) A false prophetess who
assisted Tobiah and Sanballat against the Jews (Nehemiah 6:14). ...
/n/noadiah.htm - 8k

Tobi'ah's (1 Occurrence)
Tobi'ah's. Tobiah's, Tobi'ah's. Tobias . Multi-Version Concordance Tobi'ah's
(1 Occurrence). ... (See RSV). Tobiah's, Tobi'ah's. Tobias . Reference Bible.
/t/tobi'ah's.htm - 6k

Displeasing (31 Occurrences)
... Nehemiah 2:10 When Sanballat the Horonite, and Tobiah the servant, the Ammonite,
heard of it, it grieved them exceedingly, because a man had come to seek the ...
/d/displeasing.htm - 16k

Concordance
Tobiah (14 Occurrences)

Ezra 2:60
the children of Delaiah, the children of Tobiah, the children of Nekoda, six hundred fifty-two.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS NIV)

Nehemiah 2:10
When Sanballat the Horonite, and Tobiah the servant, the Ammonite, heard of it, it grieved them exceedingly, because a man had come to seek the welfare of the children of Israel.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS NIV)

Nehemiah 2:19
But when Sanballat the Horonite, and Tobiah the servant, the Ammonite, and Geshem the Arabian, heard it, they ridiculed us, and despised us, and said, What is this thing that you do? will you rebel against the king?
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS NIV)

Nehemiah 4:3
Now Tobiah the Ammonite was by him, and he said, Even that which they are building, if a fox go up, he shall break down their stone wall.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS NIV)

Nehemiah 4:7
But it happened that when Sanballat, Tobiah, the Arabians, the Ammonites, and the Ashdodites heard that the repairing of the walls of Jerusalem went forward, and that the breaches began to be stopped, then they were very angry;
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS NIV)

Nehemiah 6:1
Now it happened, when it was reported to Sanballat and Tobiah, and to Geshem the Arabian, and to the rest of our enemies, that I had built the wall, and that there was no breach left therein; (though even to that time I had not set up the doors in the gates;)
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS NIV)

Nehemiah 6:12
I discerned, and behold, God had not sent him; but he pronounced this prophecy against me: and Tobiah and Sanballat had hired him.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS NIV)

Nehemiah 6:14
Remember, my God, Tobiah and Sanballat according to these their works, and also the prophetess Noadiah, and the rest of the prophets, that would have put me in fear.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS NIV)

Nehemiah 6:17
Moreover in those days the nobles of Judah sent many letters to Tobiah, and the letters of Tobiah came to them.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS NIV)

Nehemiah 6:19
Also they spoke of his good deeds before me, and reported my words to him. Tobiah sent letters to put me in fear.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS NIV)

Nehemiah 7:62
The children of Delaiah, the children of Tobiah, the children of Nekoda, six hundred forty-two.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS NIV)

Nehemiah 13:4
Now before this, Eliashib the priest, who was appointed over the chambers of the house of our God, being allied to Tobiah,
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS NIV)

Nehemiah 13:7
and I came to Jerusalem, and understood the evil that Eliashib had done for Tobiah, in preparing him a chamber in the courts of the house of God.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS NIV)

Nehemiah 13:8
It grieved me sore: therefore I cast forth all the household stuff of Tobiah out of the chamber.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS NIV)

Subtopics

Tobiah

Tobiah: An Enemy of the Jews in the Time of Nehemiah: Allies Himself With Eliashib, the Priest

Tobiah: An Enemy of the Jews in the Time of Nehemiah: Conspires to Injure and Intimidate Nehemiah

Tobiah: An Enemy of the Jews in the Time of Nehemiah: Opposes the Rebuilding of the Wall of Jerusalem

Tobiah: An Enemy of the Jews in the Time of Nehemiah: Subverts Nobles of Judah

Tobiah: Ancestor of a Family of Babylonian Captives

Related Terms

Tobiah's (2 Occurrences)

Tobi'ah (15 Occurrences)

Sanbal'lat (10 Occurrences)

Sanballat (10 Occurrences)

Geshem (5 Occurrences)

Eliashib (15 Occurrences)

Noadiah (2 Occurrences)

Tobi'ah's (1 Occurrence)

Displeasing (31 Occurrences)

Ammonite (22 Occurrences)

Letters (51 Occurrences)

Nekoda (4 Occurrences)

Neko'da (4 Occurrences)

Jehohanan (9 Occurrences)

Intimidate (4 Occurrences)

Frighten (15 Occurrences)

Freemen (17 Occurrences)

Replies (2 Occurrences)

Eli'ashib (15 Occurrences)

Delai'ah (6 Occurrences)

Delaiah (7 Occurrences)

Multiplying (23 Occurrences)

Arabian (5 Occurrences)

Arab (5 Occurrences)

Shecaniah (10 Occurrences)

Horonite (3 Occurrences)

Hor'onite (3 Occurrences)

Displeased (39 Occurrences)

Official (45 Occurrences)

Nobles (71 Occurrences)

Uttered (60 Occurrences)

Understood (63 Occurrences)

Chamber (73 Occurrences)

Grieved (87 Occurrences)

No-adi'ah (2 Occurrences)

Ono (5 Occurrences)

Jerusalem's (7 Occurrences)

Jump (3 Occurrences)

Reported (104 Occurrences)

Laughing (38 Occurrences)

Laughed (27 Occurrences)

Lengthening (5 Occurrences)

Gap (4 Occurrences)

Gaps (2 Occurrences)

Fifty-two (10 Occurrences)

Forty-two (15 Occurrences)

Tobadoni'jah (1 Occurrence)

Rebelling (4 Occurrences)

Ridiculed (12 Occurrences)

Repairing (12 Occurrences)

Reporting (4 Occurrences)

Derided (12 Occurrences)

Doorways (26 Occurrences)

Disturbed (30 Occurrences)

Discerned (17 Occurrences)

Mehetabeel

Mindful (39 Occurrences)

Meshullam (25 Occurrences)

Mehetabel (3 Occurrences)

Prophetess (8 Occurrences)

Prior (6 Occurrences)

Promote (21 Occurrences)

Providing (9 Occurrences)

Preparing (25 Occurrences)

Buildings (28 Occurrences)

Ban (12 Occurrences)

Breeches (6 Occurrences)

Breaches (16 Occurrences)

Climbed (16 Occurrences)

Connected (11 Occurrences)

Arabians (8 Occurrences)

Ash'dodites (1 Occurrence)

Arah (3 Occurrences)

Accounts (14 Occurrences)

Ashdodites (4 Occurrences)

Allied (13 Occurrences)

Arabs (7 Occurrences)

Associated (9 Occurrences)

Ammon (100 Occurrences)

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