Tiglathpileser
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Smith's Bible Dictionary
Tiglathpileser

(In (1 Chronicles 5:26) and again in 2Chr 28:20 The name of this king is given as TIGLATH-PILNESER.) Tiglath-pileser is the second Assyrian king mentioned in Scripture as having come into contact with the Israelites. He attacked Samaria in the reign of Pekah, B.C. 756-736. probably because Pekah withheld his tribute, and having entered his territories, he "took Ijon, and Abel-beth-maachah and Janoah and Kedesh, and Hazer, and Gilead, and Galilee, and all the land of Naphtali, and carried them captive to Assyria." (2 Kings 15:29) The date of this invasion cannot be fixed. After his first expedition a close league was formed between Rezin, king of Syria, and Pekah, having for its special object the humiliation of Judah. At first great successes were gained by Pekah and his confederate, (2 Kings 15:37; 2 Chronicles 28:6-8) but on their proceeding to attack Jerusalem itself, Ahaz applied to Assyria for assistance, and Tiglath-pileser, consenting to aid him, again appeared at the head of an army in these regions. He first marched, naturally, against Damascus. which he took, (2 Kings 16:9) razing it to the ground, and killing Rezin, the Damascene monarch. After this, probably, he proceeded to chastise Pekah, whose country he entered on the northeast, where it bordered upon "Syria of Damascus." Here he overran the whole district to the east of Jordan, carrying into captivity "the Reubenites, the Gadites and the half tribe of Manasseh," (1 Chronicles 5:26) Before returning into his own land, Tiglath pileser had an interview with Ahaz at Damascus. (2 Kings 16:10) This is all that Scripture tells us of Tiglath-pileser. He reigned certainly from B.C. 747 to B.C. 730, and possibly a few years longer, being succeeded by Shalmaneser at least as early as B.C. 785, Tiglath-pileser's wars do not generally, appear to have been of much importance. No palace or great building can be ascribed to this king. His slabs, which are tolerably numerous show that he must have built or adorned a residence at Calah (Nimrud), where they were found.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
TIGLATH-PILESER

tig-lath-pi-le-zer

tighlath pil'eser, as the name is read in 2 Kings, tilleghath pilnecer, in 2 Chronicles; Septuagint Algathphellasar; Assyrian, Tukulti-abal-i-sarra): King of Assyria in the days of Menahem, Pekahiah, and Pekah, kings of Israel, and of Uzziah, Jotham and Ahaz, kings of Judah. The king of Assyria, whom the historian of 2 Kings knows as exacting tribute from Menahem, is Pul (2 Kings 15:19 f). In the days of Pekah who had usurped the throne of Menahem's son and successor, Pekahiah, the king of Assyria is known as Tiglath-pileser, who invaded Naphtali and carried the inhabitants captive to Assyria (2 Kings 15:29). This invasion is described by the Chronicler (1 Chronicles 5:25 f) rather differently, to the effect that "the God of Israel stirred up the spirit of Pul king of Assyria, and the spirit of Tilgath-pilneser king of Assyria, and he carried them away, even the Reubenites and the Gadites, and the half-tribe of Manasseh, and brought them unto Halah, and Habor, and Hara, and to the river of Gozan, unto this day." Still later we find Pekah forming a coalition with Rezin, king of Damascus, into which they tried to force Ahaz, even going the length of besieging him in Jerusalem (2 Kings 16:5). The siege was unsuccessful. Ahaz called in the aid of Tiglath-pileser, sacrificing his independence to get rid of the invaders (2 Kings 16:7, 8). He offered the Assyrian the silver and gold that were found in the house of the Lord and in the royal treasury; and Tiglath-pileser, in return, invaded the territories of Damascus and Israel in the rear, compelling the allied forces to withdraw from Judah, while he captured Damascus, and carried the people away to Kir and slew Rezin (2 Kings 16:9). It was on the occasion of his visit to Damascus to do homage to his suzerain Tiglath-pileser, that Ahaz fancied the idolatrous altar, a pattern of which he sent to Urijah, the priest, that he might erect an altar to take the place of the brazen altar which was before the Lord in the temple at Jerusalem. It is a significant comment which is made by the Chronicler (2 Chronicles 28:21) upon the abject submission of Ahaz to the Assyrian king: "It helped him not."

From the inscriptions we learn particulars which afford striking corroboration of the Biblical narrative and clear up some of the difficulties involved. It is now practically certain that Pul, who is mentioned as taking tribute from Menahem, is identical with Tiglath-pileser (Schrader, COT, I, 230, 231). In all probability Pul, or Pulu, was a usurper, who as king of Assyria assumed the name of one of his predecessors, Tiglath-pileser I, and reigned as Tiglath-pileser III. This king of Assyria, who reigned, as we learn from his annals, from 745 B.C. to 727 B.C., was one of the greatest of Assyrian monarchs. See ASSYRIA. From the fact that no fewer than five Hebrew kings are mentioned in his annals, the greatest interest attaches to his history as it has come down to us. These kings are Uzziah or Azariah, and Jehoahaz, that is Ahaz, of Judah; and Menahem, Pekah and Hushes of Israel. Along with them are mentioned their contemporaries Rezin of Damascus, Hiram of Tyre, and two queens of Arabia otherwise unknown, Zabibi and Samsi. When he died in 727 B.C., he was succeeded by Shalmaneser IV, who had occasion to suspect the loyalty of his vassal Hoshea, king of Israel, and besieged him in Samaria.

LITERATURE.

Schrader, COT, I, 229-57; McCurdy, HPM, sections 279-341.

T. Nicol

Library

The Reason of the Order of the Sons of Rachel.
... as 1 have observed by Tiglathpileser,) so at the last he will render it glorious."
For "the way of the sea (trodden by the Assyrian) to the passage of Jordan ...
/.../mede/a key to the apocalypse/the reason of the order 2.htm

The Prophet Hosea.
... The real commencement of the Assyrian oppression is formed by the invasion
of Tiglathpileser at the time of Ahaz. Isaiah, in chap. ...
/.../hengstenberg/christology of the old testament/the prophet hosea.htm

The Mystery
A Key to the Apocalypse. <. ...
//christianbookshelf.org/mede/a key to the apocalypse/the mystery 2.htm

Thesaurus
Tiglathpileser (3 Occurrences)
... LITERATURE. Schrader, COT, I, 229-57; McCurdy, HPM, sections 279-341. T. Nicol.
Multi-Version Concordance Tiglathpileser (3 Occurrences). ...
/t/tiglathpileser.htm - 11k

Tiglath (3 Occurrences)

/t/tiglath.htm - 9k

Tiglath-pileser (6 Occurrences)
Tiglath-pileser. Tiglathpileser, Tiglath-pileser. Tig'lath-pile'ser . Int. ...
(BBE NIV). Tiglathpileser, Tiglath-pileser. Tig'lath-pile'ser . Reference Bible
/t/tiglath-pileser.htm - 12k

Janoah (3 Occurrences)
... father of Joshua. (2) A town in the uplands of Naphtali, mentioned as having
been captured and depopulated by Tiglathpileser. It is ...
/j/janoah.htm - 8k

Hazor (19 Occurrences)
... levy (1 Kings 9:15). Along with other cities in Galilee, it was taken by
Tiglathpileser III (2 Kings 15:29). In the plain of Hazor ...
/h/hazor.htm - 17k

Cushan (3 Occurrences)
... oppressing Israel, and provoking them to idolatry), a Mesopotamian king, identified
by Rawlinson with Asshur-ris-ilim (the father of Tiglathpileser I.); but ...
/c/cushan.htm - 8k

Abelbethmaacah
... In 2 Kings it is mentioned, along with Ijon and other places, as a city
in Naphtali captured by Tiglathpileser, king of Assyria. ...
/a/abelbethmaacah.htm - 7k

Abelbethmaachah (2 Occurrences)
... 2 Kings 15:29 In the days of Pekah king of Israel came Tiglathpileser king of Assyria,
and took Ijon, and Abelbethmaachah, and Janoah, and Kedesh, and Hazor ...
/a/abelbethmaachah.htm - 8k

Abel-beth-maacah (2 Occurrences)
... In 2 Kings it is mentioned, along with Ijon and other places, as a city
in Naphtali captured by Tiglathpileser, king of Assyria. ...
/a/abel-beth-maacah.htm - 8k

Arkite (7 Occurrences)
... The place was not of much importance, but it is mentioned in the Assyrian inscriptions,
under the name Irkatah and taken by Tiglathpileser III in 738 BC Not ...
/a/arkite.htm - 9k

Concordance
Tiglathpileser (3 Occurrences)

2 Kings 15:29
In the days of Pekah king of Israel came Tiglathpileser king of Assyria, and took Ijon, and Abelbethmaachah, and Janoah, and Kedesh, and Hazor, and Gilead, and Galilee, all the land of Naphtali, and carried them captive to Assyria.
(KJV)

2 Kings 16:7
So Ahaz sent messengers to Tiglathpileser king of Assyria, saying, I am thy servant and thy son: come up, and save me out of the hand of the king of Syria, and out of the hand of the king of Israel, which rise up against me.
(KJV)

2 Kings 16:10
And king Ahaz went to Damascus to meet Tiglathpileser king of Assyria, and saw an altar that was at Damascus: and king Ahaz sent to Urijah the priest the fashion of the altar, and the pattern of it, according to all the workmanship thereof.
(KJV)

Subtopics

Tiglathpileser

Related Terms

Tiglath (3 Occurrences)

Tiglath-pileser (6 Occurrences)

Janoah (3 Occurrences)

Hazor (19 Occurrences)

Cushan (3 Occurrences)

Abelbethmaacah

Abelbethmaachah (2 Occurrences)

Abel-beth-maacah (2 Occurrences)

Arkite (7 Occurrences)

Aramaic (12 Occurrences)

Shalmaneser (3 Occurrences)

Language (112 Occurrences)

Isaiah (64 Occurrences)

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