Tiglath-Pileser
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Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary
Tiglath-Pileser

that binds or takes away captivity

ATS Bible Dictionary
Tiglath-Pileser

King of Assyria, was invited by Ahaz king of Judah to aid him against the kings of Syria and Israel, 2 Kings 16:7-10. This he did, but exacted also a heavy tribute from Ahaz, so as to distress him without helping him, 2 Chronicles 28:20-21. From the kingdom of Israel, also, he carried off the inhabitants of many cities captive, and placed them in various parts of his kingdom, B. C. 740, 1 Chronicles 5:26 2 Kings 15:29, thus fulfilling unconsciously the predictions of Isaiah, Isaiah 7:17 8:4. He is supposed to be meant by Jareb, the pleader, in Hosea 5:13 10:6. He reigned nineteen years at Nineveh, and was succeeded by his son Shalmaneser.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
TIGLATH-PILESER

tig-lath-pi-le-zer

tighlath pil'eser, as the name is read in 2 Kings, tilleghath pilnecer, in 2 Chronicles; Septuagint Algathphellasar; Assyrian, Tukulti-abal-i-sarra): King of Assyria in the days of Menahem, Pekahiah, and Pekah, kings of Israel, and of Uzziah, Jotham and Ahaz, kings of Judah. The king of Assyria, whom the historian of 2 Kings knows as exacting tribute from Menahem, is Pul (2 Kings 15:19 f). In the days of Pekah who had usurped the throne of Menahem's son and successor, Pekahiah, the king of Assyria is known as Tiglath-pileser, who invaded Naphtali and carried the inhabitants captive to Assyria (2 Kings 15:29). This invasion is described by the Chronicler (1 Chronicles 5:25 f) rather differently, to the effect that "the God of Israel stirred up the spirit of Pul king of Assyria, and the spirit of Tilgath-pilneser king of Assyria, and he carried them away, even the Reubenites and the Gadites, and the half-tribe of Manasseh, and brought them unto Halah, and Habor, and Hara, and to the river of Gozan, unto this day." Still later we find Pekah forming a coalition with Rezin, king of Damascus, into which they tried to force Ahaz, even going the length of besieging him in Jerusalem (2 Kings 16:5). The siege was unsuccessful. Ahaz called in the aid of Tiglath-pileser, sacrificing his independence to get rid of the invaders (2 Kings 16:7, 8). He offered the Assyrian the silver and gold that were found in the house of the Lord and in the royal treasury; and Tiglath-pileser, in return, invaded the territories of Damascus and Israel in the rear, compelling the allied forces to withdraw from Judah, while he captured Damascus, and carried the people away to Kir and slew Rezin (2 Kings 16:9). It was on the occasion of his visit to Damascus to do homage to his suzerain Tiglath-pileser, that Ahaz fancied the idolatrous altar, a pattern of which he sent to Urijah, the priest, that he might erect an altar to take the place of the brazen altar which was before the Lord in the temple at Jerusalem. It is a significant comment which is made by the Chronicler (2 Chronicles 28:21) upon the abject submission of Ahaz to the Assyrian king: "It helped him not."

From the inscriptions we learn particulars which afford striking corroboration of the Biblical narrative and clear up some of the difficulties involved. It is now practically certain that Pul, who is mentioned as taking tribute from Menahem, is identical with Tiglath-pileser (Schrader, COT, I, 230, 231). In all probability Pul, or Pulu, was a usurper, who as king of Assyria assumed the name of one of his predecessors, Tiglath-pileser I, and reigned as Tiglath-pileser III. This king of Assyria, who reigned, as we learn from his annals, from 745 B.C. to 727 B.C., was one of the greatest of Assyrian monarchs. See ASSYRIA. From the fact that no fewer than five Hebrew kings are mentioned in his annals, the greatest interest attaches to his history as it has come down to us. These kings are Uzziah or Azariah, and Jehoahaz, that is Ahaz, of Judah; and Menahem, Pekah and Hushes of Israel. Along with them are mentioned their contemporaries Rezin of Damascus, Hiram of Tyre, and two queens of Arabia otherwise unknown, Zabibi and Samsi. When he died in 727 B.C., he was succeeded by Shalmaneser IV, who had occasion to suspect the loyalty of his vassal Hoshea, king of Israel, and besieged him in Samaria.

LITERATURE.

Schrader, COT, I, 229-57; McCurdy, HPM, sections 279-341.

T. Nicol

Strong's Hebrew
8407. Tiglath Pileser -- an Assyrian king
Tiglath Pileser. 8406, 8407. Tiglath Pileser. 8408 . an Assyrian king.
Transliteration: Tiglath Pileser Phonetic Spelling: (tig ...
/hebrew/8407.htm - 6k

8408. tagmul -- a benefit
... Word Origin from gamal Definition a benefit NASB Word Usage benefits (1).
Tiglath-pileser, Tilgath-pilneser. From gamal; a bestowment -- benefit. ...
/hebrew/8408.htm - 6k

Library

Tiglath-Pileser iii. And the Organisation of the Assyrian Empire ...
... CHAPTER II"TIGLATH-PILESER III. AND THE ORGANISATION OF THE ASSYRIAN
EMPIRE FROM 745 TO 722 BC. TIGLATH-PILESER III. AND THE ...
/.../chapter iitiglath-pileser iii and the.htm

How Zachariah Shallum, Menahem Pekahiah and Pekah Took the ...
... How Zachariah Shallum, Menahem Pekahiah And Pekah Took The Government Over The
Israelites; And How Pul And Tiglath-Pileser Made An Expedition Against The ...
/.../josephus/the antiquities of the jews/chapter 11 how zachariah shallum.htm

Nineveh.
... Therefore, He strengthened the great King Tiglath Pileser, who already held in
subjection the other great Assyrian city of Babylon, and the brave Median ...
//christianbookshelf.org/yonge/the chosen people/lesson ix nineveh.htm

How Upon the Death of Jotham, Ahaz Reigned in his Stead; against ...
... How Upon The Death Of Jotham, Ahaz Reigned In His Stead; Against Whom Rezin, King
Of Syria And Pekah King Of Israel, Made War; And How Tiglath-Pileser, King Of ...
/.../josephus/the antiquities of the jews/chapter 12 how upon the.htm

Syria at the Beginning of the Egyptian Conquest
... Sarnsiramman I. and his father Ismidagan are mentioned in the great inscription
of Tiglath-pileser II., as having lived 641 years before King Assurdan, who ...
/.../chapter iisyria at the beginning.htm

The Nations of the North-East
... chose. Ahaz of Judah turned in his despair to the Assyrians, who had once more
appeared on the scene. Tiglath-pileser III. had overthrown ...
/.../sayce/early israel and the surrounding nations/chapter iv the nations of.htm

Appendices
... days 731. THE DYNASTY OF SAPE. Yukin-zera or Khinziros, 3 years 730 Pulu
(Pul or Poros), called Tiglath-pileser III. in Assyria, 2 ...
/.../sayce/early israel and the surrounding nations/appendices.htm

Babylonia and Assyria
... His son, Tiglath-pileser I., was one of the great conquerors of history.
He carried his arms far and wide. ... Tiglath-pileser III. ...
/.../early israel and the surrounding nations/chapter vi babylonia and assyria.htm

The Antiquities of the Jews
... How Zachariah Shallum, Menahem Pekahiah And Pekah Took The Government Over The
Israelites; And How Pul And Tiglath-Pileser Made An Expedition Against The ...
//christianbookshelf.org/josephus/the antiquities of the jews/

History Of Egypt, Chaldaea, Syria, Babylonia, and Assyria, V 8
... Tyre and its kings after Ethbaal II.: Phoenician colonisation in Libya and the
foundation of Carthage -- The Kingdom of Tyre in the time of Tiglath-pileser III ...
/.../history of egypt chaldaea syria babylonia and assyria v 8/title page.htm

Thesaurus
Tiglathpileser (3 Occurrences)
... usurper, who as king of Assyria assumed the name of one of his predecessors,
Tiglath-pileser I, and reigned as Tiglath-pileser III ...Tiglathpileser (3 Occurrences ...
/t/tiglathpileser.htm - 11k

Tiglath-pileser (6 Occurrences)
Tiglath-pileser. Tiglathpileser, Tiglath-pileser. Tig'lath-pile'ser . Int. ...
(BBE NIV). Tiglathpileser, Tiglath-pileser. Tig'lath-pile'ser . Reference Bible
/t/tiglath-pileser.htm - 12k

Tiglath (3 Occurrences)
... Easton's Bible Dictionary Tiglath-Pileser I. (not mentioned ... period. He was
succeeded by his son, Shalmaneser II. Tiglath-Pileser III. Or ...
/t/tiglath.htm - 9k

Pileser (3 Occurrences)
... Easton's Bible Dictionary Tiglath-Pileser I. (not mentioned ... period. He was
succeeded by his son, Shalmaneser II. Tiglath-Pileser III. Or ...
/p/pileser.htm - 9k

Tig'lath-pile'ser (3 Occurrences)
Tig'lath-pile'ser. Tiglath-pileser, Tig'lath-pile'ser. Tigris . Multi-Version
Concordance ... (See RSV). Tiglath-pileser, Tig'lath-pile'ser. Tigris . ...
/t/tig'lath-pile'ser.htm - 7k

Pekah (11 Occurrences)
... 2. Attitude of Assyria: Tiglath-pileser III was now ruler of Assyria, and in successive
campaigns since 745 had proved himself a resistless conqueror. ...
/p/pekah.htm - 19k

Ijon (3 Occurrences)
... A ruin, a city of Naphtali, captured by Ben-hadad of Syria at the instance of Asa
(1 Kings 15:20), and afterwards by Tiglath-pileser of Assyria (2 Kings 15:29 ...
/i/ijon.htm - 8k

Rezin (11 Occurrences)
... a prince, a king of Syria, who joined Pekah (qv) in an invasion of the kingdom of
Judah (2 Kings 15:37; 16:5-9; Isaiah 7:1-8). Ahaz induced Tiglath-pileser III ...
/r/rezin.htm - 13k

Menahem (8 Occurrences)
... The Pul of 2 Kings 15:19 and 1 Chronicles 5:26 is now identified with Tiglath-pileser
III, who took this title on ascending the throne of Assyria in 745 BC In ...
/m/menahem.htm - 13k

Pul (3 Occurrences)
... (1.) An Assyrian king. It has been a question whether he was identical with
Tiglath-pileser III. (qv), or was his predecessor. ... See TIGLATH-PILESER. ...
/p/pul.htm - 9k

Concordance
Tiglath-pileser (6 Occurrences)

2 Kings 15:29
In the days of Pekah king of Israel came Tiglath-pileser king of Assyria, and took Ijon, and Abel-beth-maacah, and Janoah, and Kedesh, and Hazor, and Gilead, and Galilee, all the land of Naphtali; and he carried them captive to Assyria.
(See JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

2 Kings 16:7
So Ahaz sent messengers to Tiglath-pileser king of Assyria, saying, I am thy servant and thy son: come up, and save me out of the hand of the king of Syria, and out of the hand of the king of Israel, who rise up against me.
(See JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

2 Kings 16:10
And king Ahaz went to Damascus to meet Tiglath-pileser king of Assyria, and saw the altar that was at Damascus; and king Ahaz sent to Urijah the priest the fashion of the altar, and the pattern of it, according to all the workmanship thereof.
(See JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

1 Chronicles 5:6
Beerah his son, whom Tiglath-pileser, king of Assyria, took away as a prisoner: he was chief of the Reubenites.
(BBE NIV)

1 Chronicles 5:26
And the God of Israel put an impulse into the heart of Pul, king of Assyria, and of Tiglath-pileser, king of Assyria, who took them away as prisoners, all the Reubenites and the Gadites and the half-tribe of Manasseh, to Halah and Habor and Hara and to the river of Gozan, to this day.
(BBE NIV)

2 Chronicles 28:20
Then Tiglath-pileser, king of Assyria, came to him, but was a cause of trouble and not of strength to him.
(BBE NIV)

Subtopics

Tiglath-Pileser

Tiglath-Pileser: Forms an Alliance With Ahaz; Captures Damascus

Tiglath-Pileser: Invades Israel; Carries Part of the People Captive to Assyria

Related Terms

Tiglath-pileser (6 Occurrences)

Tiglath (3 Occurrences)

Pileser (3 Occurrences)

Tig'lath-pile'ser (3 Occurrences)

Pekah (11 Occurrences)

Ijon (3 Occurrences)

Rezin (11 Occurrences)

Menahem (8 Occurrences)

Pul (3 Occurrences)

Carchemish (3 Occurrences)

Abel-beth-maacah (2 Occurrences)

Captivity (141 Occurrences)

Kedesh (12 Occurrences)

Aramaic (12 Occurrences)

Hazor (19 Occurrences)

Kir (11 Occurrences)

Janoah (3 Occurrences)

Jareb (2 Occurrences)

Dan (71 Occurrences)

Arpad (6 Occurrences)

Abel-beth-maachah (2 Occurrences)

Abelbethmaacah

Abelbethmaachah (2 Occurrences)

Ammonites (97 Occurrences)

Arvad (2 Occurrences)

Arvadites (1 Occurrence)

Ammon (100 Occurrences)

Shalman (1 Occurrence)

Asshur (133 Occurrences)

Ahaz (42 Occurrences)

Isaiah (64 Occurrences)

Zebulun (46 Occurrences)

Armenia (2 Occurrences)

Calah (2 Occurrences)

Language (112 Occurrences)

Kingdom (409 Occurrences)

Gad (78 Occurrences)

Reuben (73 Occurrences)

Hittites (39 Occurrences)

Hoshea (13 Occurrences)

Syria (73 Occurrences)

Assyria (124 Occurrences)

Vassal (4 Occurrences)

Uz (8 Occurrences)

Jan-o'ah (3 Occurrences)

Workmanship (15 Occurrences)

Immanuel (3 Occurrences)

I'jon (2 Occurrences)

Tubal (9 Occurrences)

Telassar (2 Occurrences)

Representatives (26 Occurrences)

Removeth (27 Occurrences)

Epher (4 Occurrences)

Ephah (55 Occurrences)

Exile (101 Occurrences)

Deported (12 Occurrences)

Dora

Details (4 Occurrences)

Detailed (3 Occurrences)

Dor (7 Occurrences)

Model (9 Occurrences)

Midian (60 Occurrences)

Medes (15 Occurrences)

Midianites (30 Occurrences)

Pekahiah (4 Occurrences)

Plans (55 Occurrences)

Beerah (2 Occurrences)

Babylon (270 Occurrences)

Beth-arbel (1 Occurrence)

Betharbel (1 Occurrence)

Construction (14 Occurrences)

Calf (39 Occurrences)

Chaldeans (82 Occurrences)

Copy (18 Occurrences)

Chieftain (2 Occurrences)

Cushan (3 Occurrences)

Achmetha (1 Occurrence)

Arkite (7 Occurrences)

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