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Smith's Bible Dictionary

(Authorized Version No, the multitude of No. populous No), a chief cite of ancient Egypt, long the capital of the upper country, and the seat of the Diospolitan dynasties, that ruled over all Egypt at the era of its highest splendor. It was situated on both sides of the Nile, 400 or 500 miles from its mouth. The sacred name of Thebes was P-amen "the abode of Amon," which the Greeks reproduced in their Diospolis , especially with the addition the Great . No-amon is the name of Thebes in the Hebrew Scriptures. (Jeremiah 46:25; Nahum 3:8) Ezekiel uses No simply to designate the Egyptian seat of Amon. (Ezekiel 30:14,16) [NO-AMON] its origin and early allusions to it. --The origin of the city is lost in antiquity. Niebuhr is of opinion that Thebes was much older than Memphis, and that, "after the centre of Egyptian life was transferred to lower Egypt, Memphis acquired its greatness through the ruin of Thebes." But both cities date from our earliest authentic knowledge of Egyptian history. The first allusion to Thebes in classical literature is the familiar passage of the Iliad (ix. 381-385): "Egyptian Thebes, were are vast treasures laid up in the houses; where are a hundred gates, and from each two hundred men to forth with horses and chariots." In the first century before Christ, Diodorus visited Thebes, and he devotes several sections of his general work to its history and appearance. Though he saw the city when it had sunk to quite secondary importance, he confirms the tradition of its early grandeur --its circuit of 140 stadia, the size of its public edifices, the magnificence of its temples, the number of its monuments, the dimensions of its private houses, some of them four or five stories high --all giving it an air of grandeur and beauty surpassing not only all other cities of Egypt, but of the world. Monuments. --The monuments of Thebes are the most reliable witnesses for the ancient splendor of the city. These are found in almost equal proportions upon both sides of the river. The plan of the city, as indicated by the principal monuments, was nearly quadrangular, measuring two miles from north to south and four from east to west. Its four great landmarks were, Karnak and Luxor upon the eastern or Arabian side, and Qoornah and Medeenet Haboo upon the western or Libyan side. There are indications that each of these temples may have been connected with those facing it upon two sides by grand dromoi , lined with sphinxes and other colossal figures. Upon the western bank there was almost a continuous line of temples and public edifices for a distance of two miles,from Qoonah to Medeenet Haboo; and Wilkinson conjectures that from a point near the latter, perhaps in the line of the colossi, the "Royal street" ran down to the river, which was crossed by a ferry terminating at Luxor, on the eastern side. Behind this long range of temples and palaces are the Libyan hills, which for a distance of five miles are excavated to the depth of several hundred feet for sepulchral chambers. Some of these, in the number and variety of their chambers, the finish of their sculptures, and the beauty and freshness of their frescoes, are among the most remarkable monuments of Egyptian grandeur and skill. The eastern side of the river is distinguished by the remains of Lurer and Karnak, the latter being of itself a city of temples. The approach to Karnak from the south is marked by a series of majestic gateways and towers, which were the appendages of later times to the original structure. The temple properly faces the river, i.e. toward the northwest. The courts land properly connected with this structure occupy a space nearly 1800 feet square, and the buildings represent almost very dynasty of Egypt. Ezekiel proclaims the destruction of Thebes by the arm of Babylon, (Ezekiel 30:14-16) and Jeremiah predicted the same overthrow, (Jeremiah 46:25,26) The city lies to-day a nest of Arab hovels amid crumbling columns and drifting sands. The Persian invader (Cambyses, B.C. 525) completed the destruction that the Babylonian had begun.

ATS Bible Dictionary

See AMMON, or No-Ammon, or No.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia



Strong's Hebrew
4996. No -- an Eg. city
... 4995, 4996. No. 4997 . an Eg. city. Transliteration: No Phonetic Spelling:
(no) Short Definition: Thebes. ... city NASB Word Usage No-amon* (1), Thebes (4). No. ...
/hebrew/4996.htm - 6k

On the Way to Thebes
... CHAPTER XXI ON THE WAY TO THEBES. ... After some effort he aroused a crew of
oarsmen, procured a boat, and continued at once to Thebes. ...
// yoke/chapter xxi on the way.htm

... is because of her sins that this utter ruin is coming upon her, iii.1-7, nor need
she think to escape; for the populous and all but impregnable Thebes (No-Amon ...
// to the old testament/nahum.htm

Volume ii. , Part C. The First Theban Empire
... warfare, the army"Origin of the Theban principality: the principality of Sidt, and
the struggles of its lords against the princes of Thebes"The kings of ...
/.../volume ii part c the.htm

History Of Egypt, Chaldaea, Syria, Babylonia, and Assyria, V 5
... building works -- The temples of Nubia: Soleb and his sanctuary built by Amenothes
III, Gebel Barkal, Elephantine -- The beautifying of Thebes: the temple of ...
/.../history of egypt chaldaea syria babylonia and assyria v 5/title page.htm

Exhortation to Abandon their Old Errors and Listen to the ...
... "And in sooth methinks I see two suns,. And a double Thebes," [1027]. said one
frenzy-stricken in the worship of idols, intoxicated with mere ignorance. ...
/.../clement/exhortation to the heathen/chapter xii exhortation to abandon their.htm

List of Characters and Places
... Tanis,"Tay'-nis, the Egyptian name for Zoan. Tape,"Tay'-pay, Thebes. ... Thebaid,"Thee-
bay'-id, civil division embracing Thebes and surrounding towns. ...
// yoke/list of characters and places.htm

Back to Memphis
... The valley in which Thebes Diospolis was situated was wide and the overflow of the
Nile did not reach the arable uplands near the Arabian hills. ...
// yoke/chapter xxxiii back to memphis.htm

The Promised Land
... of the father. Kenkenes was not dead, only absent, as he would have been
had he lived in Tanis or Thebes. Furthermore, the young ...
// yoke/chapter xlvii the promised land.htm

Exhortation to Abandon the Impious Mysteries of Idolatry for the ...
... Amphion of Thebes and Arion of Methymna were both minstrels, and both were
renowned in story. They are celebrated in song to this ...
/.../clement/exhortation to the heathen/chapter i exhortation to abandon the.htm

The Rivers of God
... Babylon was on the Euphrates, Nineveh on the Tigris, Thebes on the Nile, Rome on
the Tiber; but Jerusalem had nothing but a fountain or two, and a well or two ...
/.../maclaren/expositions of holy scripture h/the rivers of god.htm

Thebes (5 Occurrences)
... Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia THEBES. thebz. See NO-AMON. Multi-Version
Concordance Thebes (5 Occurrences). Jeremiah 46:25 ...
/t/thebes.htm - 7k

Great (10383 Occurrences)
... Philip had been for some years a hostage in Thebes: while there he had learned to
appreciate the changes introduced into military discipline and tactics by ...
/g/great.htm - 35k

Thebez (3 Occurrences)
... Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. THEBEZ. the'-bez (tebhets, "brightness"; Codex
Vaticanus Thebes; Codex Alexandrinus Thaibais): A city in Mt. ...
/t/thebez.htm - 9k

Ethiopia (26 Occurrences)
... about 1000 BC a war for independence began which was so successful that the victorious
Ethiopian kings finally carried their armies against Thebes and Memphis ...
/e/ethiopia.htm - 45k

Pharaoh (245 Occurrences)
... worn as amulets by royal personages, which were evidently genuine relics of the
time of the ancient Pharaohs, were being sold at Thebes and different places ...
/p/pharaoh.htm - 60k

No-amon (1 Occurrence)
... The "City Amon" in the days of Nahum, Jeremiah and Ezekiel was Thebes (compare
the article "Thebes" in any general encyclopedia). MG Kyle. ...
/n/no-amon.htm - 8k

... The "City Amon" in the days of Nahum, Jeremiah and Ezekiel was Thebes (compare
the article "Thebes" in any general encyclopedia). MG Kyle. ...
/n/noamon.htm - 7k

No (18543 Occurrences)
... Or No-A'mon, the home of Amon, the name of Thebes, the ancient capital of what
is called the Middle Empire, in Upper or Southern Egypt. ...
/n/no.htm - 9k

... Then the cult of Dionysus passed down through the Balkan peninsula to Thebes; and
in the localized form of the myth the deity was born here-son of Zeus and ...
/d/dionysus.htm - 9k

Memphis (8 Occurrences)
... It was the sole capital of Position Egypt from the Ist to the XVIIth Dynasty; it
shared supremacy with Thebes during the XVIIIth to XXVth Dynasties, and with ...
/m/memphis.htm - 14k

Why were infants dashed to pieces (Nahum 3:10)? |

When and how was Nineveh destroyed? |

Summary of the Book of Nahum - Bible Survey |

Bible ConcordanceBible DictionaryBible EncyclopediaTopical BibleBible Thesuarus
Thebes (5 Occurrences)

Jeremiah 46:25
The LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, saith: Behold, I will punish Amon of No, and Pharaoh, and Egypt, with her gods, and her kings; even Pharaoh, and them that trust in him;

Ezekiel 30:14
I will make Pathros desolate, and will set a fire in Zoan, and will execute judgments on No.

Ezekiel 30:15
And I have poured out My fury on Sin, the stronghold of Egypt, And I have cut off the multitude of No.

Ezekiel 30:16
And I will set a fire in Egypt; Sin shall be in great convulsion, and No shall be rent asunder; and in Noph shall come adversaries in the day-time.

Nahum 3:8
Art thou better than No-Ammon, That is dwelling among brooks? Waters she hath round about her, Whose bulwark 'is' the sea, waters her wall.



Related Terms

Great (10383 Occurrences)

Thebez (3 Occurrences)

Ethiopia (26 Occurrences)

Pharaoh (245 Occurrences)

No-amon (1 Occurrence)


No (18543 Occurrences)


Memphis (8 Occurrences)


Ashurbanipal (1 Occurrence)

Shishak (6 Occurrences)

Nahum (3 Occurrences)

Nineveh (23 Occurrences)

Alexander (5 Occurrences)

Egypt (596 Occurrences)

Theatre (2 Occurrences)

Writing (194 Occurrences)

Firstborn (119 Occurrences)

First-born (110 Occurrences)

Tirhakah (2 Occurrences)

Rameses (5 Occurrences)


Pithom (1 Occurrence)

Put (13688 Occurrences)

Chios (1 Occurrence)

Amon (20 Occurrences)

Arch (24 Occurrences)

Corinth (13 Occurrences)

Syria (73 Occurrences)



Tablets (31 Occurrences)


Athens (5 Occurrences)

Between (2624 Occurrences)

Tell (3056 Occurrences)

Fortified (79 Occurrences)

Fort (8 Occurrences)

Fortress (75 Occurrences)

Fortification (5 Occurrences)


Phoenicia (6 Occurrences)

Tower (74 Occurrences)

Cities (427 Occurrences)


Exodus (2 Occurrences)

Music (143 Occurrences)

Siege (63 Occurrences)

Priest (500 Occurrences)

Philistines (224 Occurrences)

Assyria (124 Occurrences)

Monthly (11 Occurrences)

Anem (1 Occurrence)

Greece (15 Occurrences)

Babel (3 Occurrences)

High (4559 Occurrences)

Sacrifice (300 Occurrences)

Sodomite (1 Occurrence)

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