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Smith's Bible Dictionary

In all cases were the word "steel" occurs in the Authorized Version the true rendering of the Hebrew is "copper." Whether the ancient Hebrews were acquainted with steel is not perfectly certain. It has been inferred from a passage in (Jeremiah 15:12) that the "iron from the north" there spoken of denoted a superior kind of metal, hardened in an unusual manner, like the steel obtained from the Chalybes of the Pontus, the iron smiths of the ancient world. The hardening of iron for cutting instruments was practiced in Pontus, Lydia and Laconia. There is, however, a word in hebrew, paldah , which occurs only in (Nahum 2:3) (4) and is there rendered "torches," but which most probably denotes steel or hardened iron, and refers to the flashing scythes of the Assyrian chariots. Steel appears to have been known to the Egyptians. The steel weapons in the tomb of Rameses III., says Wilkinson, are painted blue, the bronze red.

Easton's Bible Dictionary
The "bow of steel" in (A.V.) 2 Samuel 22:35; Job 20:24; Psalm 18:34 is in the Revised Version "bow of brass" (Hebrews kesheth-nehushah). In Jeremiah 15:12 the same word is used, and is also rendered in the Revised Version "brass." But more correctly it is copper (q.v.), as brass in the ordinary sense of the word (an alloy of copper and zinc) was not known to the ancients.
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
1. (n.) A variety of iron intermediate in composition and properties between wrought iron and cast iron (containing between one half of one per cent and one and a half per cent of carbon), and consisting of an alloy of iron with an iron carbide. Steel, unlike wrought iron, can be tempered, and retains magnetism. Its malleability decreases, and fusibility increases, with an increase in carbon.

2. (n.) An instrument or implement made of steel

3. (n.) A weapon, as a sword, dagger, etc.

4. (n.) An instrument of steel (usually a round rod) for sharpening knives.

5. (n.) A piece of steel for striking sparks from flint.

6. (n.) Fig.: Anything of extreme hardness; that which is characterized by sternness or rigor.

7. (n.) A chalybeate medicine.

8. (n.) To overlay, point, or edge with steel; as, to steel a razor; to steel an ax.

9. (n.) To make hard or strong; hence, to make insensible or obdurate.

10. (n.) Fig.: To cause to resemble steel, as in smoothness, polish, or other qualities.

11. (n.) To cover, as an electrotype plate, with a thin layer of iron by electrolysis. The iron thus deposited is very hard, like steel.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

stel: the Revised Version (British and American) substitutes "brass" for "steel" in 2 Samuel 22:35 Job 20:24 Psalm 18:34 Jeremiah 15:12, and "steel" for "torches" in Nahum 2:3.


Strong's Hebrew
6393. peladah -- probably iron, steel
... 6392, 6393. peladah. 6394 . probably iron, steel. Transliteration: peladah
Phonetic Spelling: (pel-aw-daw') Short Definition: steel. ...
/hebrew/6393.htm - 6k

5178. nechosheth -- copper, bronze
... 1). brasen, brass, chain, copper, fetter of brass, filthiness, steel. For
nchuwshah; copper, hence, something made of that metal, ie ...
/hebrew/5178.htm - 6k

5154. nechushah -- copper, bronze
... brass, steel. Or nchushah {nekh-oo-shaw'}; feminine of nachuwsh; copper -- brass,
steel. Compare Nachash. see HEBREW nachuwsh. see HEBREW Nachash. 5153, 5154 ...
/hebrew/5154.htm - 6k


The Northern Iron and the Steel
... The Northern Iron and the Steel. A Sermon ... At the Metropolitan Tabernacle, Newington.
"Shall iron break the northern iron and the steel?""Jeremiah 15:12. ...
/.../spurgeon/spurgeons sermons volume 17 1871/the northern iron and the.htm

How the Upright Man Ought to be Like a Stamp not of Wax but of ...
... II. Second Conference of Abbot Moses. Chapter XII. How the upright man
ought to be like a stamp not of wax but of hard steel. And ...
/.../cassian/the works of john cassian /chapter xii how the upright.htm

The Adventures of Saint James of Spain.
... round his head, kept the fearful beak from approaching his helmet, for well he knew
that one thrust from its deadly point would pierce through steel and skull ...
/.../kingston/the seven champions of christendom/chapter six the adventures of.htm

Saint George Kills the Enchanter Osmond.
... of lurid light, they beheld the gates of the enchanted tower, at which sat, on a
block of rock, a huge giant in his iron coat, with a mace of steel in his hand ...
/.../the seven champions of christendom/chapter thirteen saint george kills.htm

Concerning the Passion of Our Lord's Body, and the Impassibility ...
... And should any one pour water over flaming steel, it is that which naturally suffers
by the water, I mean, the fire, that is quenched, but the steel remains ...
/.../exposition of the orthodox faith/chapter xxvi concerning the passion of.htm

Concerning the Energies in Our Lord Jesus Christ.
... Take the case of the flaming sword; just as in it the natures of the fire and the
steel are preserved distinct [2148] , so also are their two energies and ...
/.../john/exposition of the orthodox faith/chapter xv concerning the energies in.htm

The Adventures of Saint Denis of France.
... Thereupon the Squire blew the horn which hung at the iron gate; but instead of its
being opened by a burly porter, or by a steel-clad warrior, a troop of fair ...
/.../kingston/the seven champions of christendom/chapter five the adventures of.htm

Betrayed by a Kiss.
... went well. With them came the Temple Watch under the command of one Selpha,
in steel helmet and steel-embossed leather cuirass. The ...
// of the jews/chapter iv betrayed by a.htm

The Death of Saint James.
... "The time has come, my faithful Pedrillo, when no longer as a steel-clad knight,
but as a humble pilgrim, I must ... Never more will I put on yonder coat of steel. ...
/.../kingston/the seven champions of christendom/chapter eighteen the death of.htm

The Blessed Privilege of Seeing God Explained
... Put a back of steel to the glass and you may see a face in it. So the human
nature of Christ is as it were a back of steel through ...
/.../the beatitudes an exposition of matthew 51-12/17 the blessed privilege of.htm

Steel (7 Occurrences)
... The "bow of steel" in (AV) 2 Samuel 22:35; Job 20:24; Psalm 18:34 is in the
Revised Version "bow of brass" (Hebrews kesheth-nehushah). ...
/s/steel.htm - 10k

Iron (104 Occurrences)
... It is reduced on an enormous scale in three principal forms; viz., cast iron, steel,
and wrought iron. ... It seems more likely that steel tools were used. ...
/i/iron.htm - 50k

Gad (78 Occurrences)
... 2. (n.) A pointed or wedge-shaped instrument of metal, as a steel wedge used
in mining, etc. ... 5. (n.) A wedge-shaped billet of iron or steel. ...
/g/gad.htm - 49k

Temper (14 Occurrences)
... 2. (vt) To fit together; to adjust; to accommodate. 3. (vt) To bring to a proper
degree of hardness; as, to temper iron or steel. 4. (vt) To govern; to manage. ...
/t/temper.htm - 13k

Teacheth (22 Occurrences)
... Succoth, (YLT). 2 Samuel 22:35 He teacheth my hands to war; so that a bow
of steel is broken by mine arms. (KJV ASV DBY WBS). Job ...
/t/teacheth.htm - 12k

Damask (1 Occurrence)
... hangings. 4. (n.) Damask or Damascus steel; also, the peculiar markings
or water of such steel. 5. (n.) A deep pink or rose color. ...
/d/damask.htm - 7k

Mill (9 Occurrences)
... 7. (n.) A hardened steel roller having a design in relief, used for imprinting
a reversed copy of the design in a softer metal, as copper. ...
/m/mill.htm - 18k

Copper (55 Occurrences)
... Elsewhere the Hebrew word (nehosheth) is improperly rendered "brass," and
sometimes "steel" (2 Samuel 22:35; Jeremiah 15:12). The ...
/c/copper.htm - 27k

Axe (19 Occurrences)
... 1. (n.) A tool or instrument of steel, or of iron with a steel edge or blade, for
felling trees, chopping and splitting wood, hewing timber, etc. ...
/a/axe.htm - 18k

Adamant (2 Occurrences)
... (Hebrews shamir), Ezek. 3:9. The Greek word adamas means diamond. This stone
is not referred to, but corundum or some kind of hard steel. ...
/a/adamant.htm - 9k

Steel (7 Occurrences)

Revelation 9:9
They had breast-plates which seemed to be made of steel; and the noise caused by their wings was like that of a vast number of horses and chariots hurrying into battle.

Revelation 18:12
cargoes of gold and silver, of jewels and pearls, of fine linen, purple and silk, and of scarlet stuff; all kinds of rare woods, and all kinds of goods in ivory and in very costly wood, in bronze, steel and marble.

2 Samuel 22:35
He teacheth my hands to war; so that a bow of steel is broken by mine arms.

Job 20:24
He shall flee from the iron weapon, and the bow of steel shall strike him through.

Psalms 18:34
He teacheth my hands to war, so that a bow of steel is broken by mine arms.

Jeremiah 15:12
Shall iron break the northern iron and the steel?

Nahum 2:3
The shield of his mighty men is made red. The valiant men are in scarlet. The chariots flash with steel in the day of his preparation, and the pine spears are brandished.



Steel: Bows of

Steel: Strength of

Related Terms

Iron (104 Occurrences)

Gad (78 Occurrences)

Temper (14 Occurrences)

Teacheth (22 Occurrences)

Damask (1 Occurrence)

Mill (9 Occurrences)

Copper (55 Occurrences)

Axe (19 Occurrences)

Adamant (2 Occurrences)

Sickle (13 Occurrences)

Hammer (15 Occurrences)

Steeds (11 Occurrences)

Steep (7 Occurrences)

Quench (14 Occurrences)

Quiver (9 Occurrences)

Knife (10 Occurrences)

Northern (18 Occurrences)

Needle (4 Occurrences)

Ostrich (9 Occurrences)

Of (369523 Occurrences)

Jewels (54 Occurrences)

Lance (7 Occurrences)

Line (131 Occurrences)

Grind (12 Occurrences)


Glitter (3 Occurrences)

Give (13501 Occurrences)

Wave (65 Occurrences)

Woods (37 Occurrences)

Wash (105 Occurrences)

File (1 Occurrence)

Flint (12 Occurrences)

Forge (2 Occurrences)

Twist (5 Occurrences)

Tilt (2 Occurrences)

Tarnish (1 Occurrence)

Teem (4 Occurrences)

Torches (18 Occurrences)

Tilting (1 Occurrence)

Tempered (7 Occurrences)

Rail (8 Occurrences)

Roll (57 Occurrences)

Ram (96 Occurrences)

Rare (8 Occurrences)

Ribbon (7 Occurrences)

Rib (5 Occurrences)

Enveloped (6 Occurrences)

Drift (1 Occurrence)

Die (401 Occurrences)

Drag (19 Occurrences)

Mattock (2 Occurrences)

Mast (4 Occurrences)

Pipe (13 Occurrences)

Plating (13 Occurrences)

Pen (16 Occurrences)

Porter (6 Occurrences)

Plate (34 Occurrences)

Prance (3 Occurrences)

Plane (5 Occurrences)

Polish (1 Occurrence)

Bloom (9 Occurrences)

Burden (111 Occurrences)

Brandished (5 Occurrences)

Burn (206 Occurrences)

Breast-plates (2 Occurrences)

Beam (17 Occurrences)

Bronze (146 Occurrences)

Bow (248 Occurrences)

Bone (35 Occurrences)

Cymbal (1 Occurrence)

Cargo (7 Occurrences)

Clad (13 Occurrences)

Colored (2 Occurrences)

Center (30 Occurrences)

Costly (26 Occurrences)

Cargoes (4 Occurrences)

Anvil (1 Occurrence)

Armor (53 Occurrences)

Saw (6047 Occurrences)

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