Ludim
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Smith's Bible Dictionary
Ludim

(strife), (Genesis 10:13; 1 Chronicles 1:11) a Mizraite people or tribe descended from Ludim the son of Mizraim; also called Lydians. It is probable that the Ludim were settled to the west of Egypt, perhaps farther than any other Mizraite tribe. Lud and the Ludim are mentioned in four passages of the prophets -- (Isaiah 66:19; Jeremiah 46:9; Ezekiel 27:10; 38:5) There call be no doubt that but one nation is intended in these passages, and it seems that the preponderance of evidence is in favor of the Mizaraite Ludim.

ATS Bible Dictionary
Ludim

Descendants of Mizraim, Genesis 10:13, dwelling in Africa, probably near Ethiopia; they were famous bowmen, Isaiah 66:19, and are mentioned as soldiers with the Ethiopians, Libyans, and Tyrians, Jeremiah 46:9; Ezekiel 27:10; 30:5.

Easton's Bible Dictionary
Probably the same as Lud (2) (Comp. Genesis 10:13; 1 Chronicles 1:11). They are associated (Jeremiah 46:9) with African nations as mercenaries of the king of Egypt.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
LUD; LUDIM

lud, lu'-dim, lood'-im (ludh, ludhim, ludhiyum, "Ludites"; Loud, Loudieim; Targum Onk: ludha'e):

1. Two Different Nationalities:

In Genesis 10:13 Ludim appears as the firstborn of Mizraim (Egypt), and in 10:22 Lud is the fourth son of Shem. We have therefore to do with two different nationalities bearing the same name, and not always easy to distinguish. 1 Chronicles 1:11, 17 simply repeat the statements of Genesis 10:13, 22. In Isaiah 66:19 Lud is mentioned with Tarshish and Pul (generally regarded as a mistake for Phut), Tubal, Javan, and the isles. Accepting this emendation, the passage agrees with Jeremiah 46:9, where the Ludim are spoken of with Kush and Phut as the allies of Egypt; and also with Ezekiel 27:10, where Lud is referred to with Persia and Put as soldiers of Tyre. Lud, again, is mentioned with Ethiopia (Gush), Put, all the mingled people, Cab, and the children of the land which is in league (or, margin "the land of the covenant"), which were all to fall by the sword (Ezekiel 30:5).

2. The Semitic Lud:

Coming to the Semitic Lud, it is to be noted that the Assyrians called Lydia Lu(d)du, and that the mythical ancestor of the Lydians, according to Herodotus (i.7), was Lydos, and their first king, Agros, was descended from Ninos and Belos, i.e. Assyria and Babylonia. The apparently Assyrian colony in Cappadocia about 2000 B.C., who used the Babylonian script, may be regarded as supporting this statement, and that there were other colonies of the same nationality in the neighborhood is implied by the fact that Assyro-Babylonian was one of the official languages of the Hittite state whose capital was Hattu or Boghaz-keui. On the other hand when Gyges sent an embassy to Assur-bani-apli of Assyria, Lu(d)du is described as a country whose name had never before been heard, and whose language was unknown. As, however, the earlier kings of Assyria certainly warred in that district, this statement has to be taken with caution. Perhaps the name had changed in the interval, owing to an immigration similar to that which brought the Hittites into Asia Minor, and caused change in the language at the same time.

3. Not Recognizable as Semitic Later:

Naturally Lydia was not recognizable as Semitic in classical times. The existence of Lud in the neighborhood of Egypt as well as in Asia Minor finds parallels in the Syrian Mucri of the Assyrian inscriptions by the side of the Mucur which stood for Egypt, and still more in the Cappadocian Cush (Kusu) of certain Assyrian letters relating to horses, by the side of the Cush (Kusu likewise) which stands for Ethiopia.

4. Egyptian Lud Not Recognizable:

Everything points, therefore, to the Semitic Lud and Ludim being Lydia, and the identification may be regarded as satisfactory. It is altogether otherwise with the Egyptian Lud and Ludim, however, about which little can be said at present. The reference to a city which seems to be Putu-yawan in an inscription mentioning the 37th year of Nebuchadrezzar, and apparently referring to an expedition against Amasis, though it may stand for "Grecian Phut," has very little bearing upon the position of the Egyptian Lud, especially as the text in which it occurs is very mutilated. One thing is certain, however: the Hebrews regarded this Lud and Ludim as being Hamitic, and not Semitic.

T. G. Pinches

Strong's Hebrew
3866. Ludim -- a tribe desc. from Mizraim
... 3865, 3866. Ludim. 3867 . a tribe desc. from Mizraim. Transliteration:
Ludim Phonetic Spelling: (loo-dee') Short Definition: Ludim. ...
/hebrew/3866.htm - 6k
Library

Chapter x
... the tribe (cf. v.16, Jebusite, Amorite, Girgashite, etc.) or the name of the people
(cf. v.13, Ludim, Anamim, Lehabim, etc., all plural nouns). ...
//christianbookshelf.org/leupold/exposition of genesis volume 1/chapter x.htm

The Battle of Carchemish
... Go up, ye horses; and rage, ye chariots; and let the mighty men go forth: Cush and
Put, that handle the shield; And the Ludim, that handle and bend the bow. ...
/.../select masterpieces of biblical literature/viii the battle of carchemish.htm

The History after the Flood.
... And another son of Shem, the son of Noah, by name Mizraim, begat Ludim, and those
called Anamim, and Lehabim, and Naphtuhim, and Pathrusim, and Casluhim, out ...
/.../theophilus/theophilus to autolycus/chapter xxxi the history after the.htm

Of the Generations of the Three Sons of Noah.
... as I showed above. "Mizraim begat those who are called Ludim;" and so also
of the other seven nations. And after enumerating all ...
/.../augustine/city of god/chapter 3 of the generations of.htm

[Endnotes]
... Aram, "Cush, Mizraim, Phut. Canaan, Salah, Uz, "Seba, Ludim, Sidon, Eber, Hul,
"Havilah, Anamim, Heth, Peleg, Gether,"Sabtah, Lehabim, Jebusite, Joktan, Mash. ...
//christianbookshelf.org/killen/the ancient church/endnotes.htm

The Second vision "On Earth"
... Go up, ye horses; and rage, ye chariots; And let the mighty men go forth: Cush and
Put, that handle the shield; And the Ludim, that handle and bend the bow. ...
/.../bullinger/commentary on revelation/the second vision on earth.htm

An Exposition on the First Ten Chapters of Genesis, and Part of ...
The Works of John Bunyan Volumes 1-3. <. ...
/.../bunyan/the works of john bunyan volumes 1-3/an exposition on the first.htm

Thesaurus
Ludim (3 Occurrences)
... They are associated (Jeremiah 46:9) with African nations as mercenaries of the
king of Egypt. Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. LUD; LUDIM. ...
/l/ludim.htm - 11k

Lud (10 Occurrences)
... 27:10; 30:5), on the west of Egypt. The people called Lud were noted archers (Isaiah
66:19; Comp. Jeremiah 46:9). Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. LUD; LUDIM. ...
/l/lud.htm - 13k

Ludites (2 Occurrences)
... Multi-Version Concordance Ludites (2 Occurrences). Genesis 10:13 And Mizraim
begot Ludim, and Anamim, and Lehabim, and Naphtuhim, (See NIV). ...
/l/ludites.htm - 6k

Mizraim (5 Occurrences)
... MIZRAIM. miz'-ra-im (mitsrayim): (1) A son of Ham, and ancestor of various peoples,
Ludim, Anamim, etc. (Genesis 10:6, 13 1 Chronicles 1:8, 11). ...
/m/mizraim.htm - 11k

Naphtuhim (2 Occurrences)
... Naphtuhim (2 Occurrences). Genesis 10:13 Mizraim became the father of Ludim, Anamim,
Lehabim, Naphtuhim, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS). ...
/n/naphtuhim.htm - 8k

Naphtuhites (2 Occurrences)
... Multi-Version Concordance Naphtuhites (2 Occurrences). Genesis 10:13 And Mizraim
begot Ludim, and Anamim, and Lehabim, and Naphtuhim, (See NIV). ...
/n/naphtuhites.htm - 6k

Naph-tu'him (2 Occurrences)
... Multi-Version Concordance Naph-tu'him (2 Occurrences). Genesis 10:13 And Mizraim
begot Ludim, and Anamim, and Lehabim, and Naphtuhim, (See RSV). ...
/n/naph-tu'him.htm - 6k

Lehabim (2 Occurrences)
... Lehabim (2 Occurrences). Genesis 10:13 Mizraim became the father of Ludim, Anamim,
Lehabim, Naphtuhim, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS). ...
/l/lehabim.htm - 7k

Lehabites (2 Occurrences)
... Multi-Version Concordance Lehabites (2 Occurrences). Genesis 10:13 And Mizraim
begot Ludim, and Anamim, and Lehabim, and Naphtuhim, (See NIV). ...
/l/lehabites.htm - 6k

Anamites (2 Occurrences)
... Multi-Version Concordance Anamites (2 Occurrences). Genesis 10:13 And Mizraim
begot Ludim, and Anamim, and Lehabim, and Naphtuhim, (See NIV). ...
/a/anamites.htm - 6k

Concordance
Ludim (3 Occurrences)

Genesis 10:13
Mizraim became the father of Ludim, Anamim, Lehabim, Naphtuhim,
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)

1 Chronicles 1:11
Mizraim became the father of Ludim, and Anamim, and Lehabim, and Naphtuhim,
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT RSV)

Jeremiah 46:9
Go up, you horses; and rage, you chariots; and let the mighty men go forth: Cush and Put, who handle the shield; and the Ludim, who handle and bend the bow.
(WEB JPS ASV BBE DBY)

Subtopics

Ludim

Ludim: Descendants of Ludim

Ludim: Descendants of Ludim: Warriors

Ludim: Son of Mizraim

Related Terms

Lud (10 Occurrences)

Ludites (2 Occurrences)

Mizraim (5 Occurrences)

Naphtuhim (2 Occurrences)

Naphtuhites (2 Occurrences)

Naph-tu'him (2 Occurrences)

Lehabim (2 Occurrences)

Lehabites (2 Occurrences)

Anamites (2 Occurrences)

An'amim (2 Occurrences)

Anamim (2 Occurrences)

Begot (119 Occurrences)

Begat (112 Occurrences)

Naphtuh (1 Occurrence)

Le'habim (1 Occurrence)

Leha'bim (1 Occurrence)

Libya (4 Occurrences)

Lehab (1 Occurrence)

Gripping (6 Occurrences)

Furiously (9 Occurrences)

Mitzraim (2 Occurrences)

Madly (2 Occurrences)

Phut (7 Occurrences)

Prance (3 Occurrences)

Put (13688 Occurrences)

Body-cover (11 Occurrences)

Anam (1 Occurrence)

Africa (1 Occurrence)

Bows (28 Occurrences)

Bend (29 Occurrences)

Carriages (34 Occurrences)

Advance (33 Occurrences)

Rage (43 Occurrences)

March (41 Occurrences)

Rush (35 Occurrences)

Skilled (44 Occurrences)

Rushing (61 Occurrences)

Warriors (75 Occurrences)

Begotten (77 Occurrences)

Cush (31 Occurrences)

Shield (65 Occurrences)

Bent (107 Occurrences)

Genealogy (29 Occurrences)

Handle (19 Occurrences)

Chariots (118 Occurrences)

Horses (138 Occurrences)

Egypt (596 Occurrences)

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