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Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary

eye, or fountain, of the goat, or of happiness

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

en'-ge-di, en-ge'-di (`en gedhi, "fountain of the kid"):

Identical with the present Ain Jidi. According to 2 Chronicles 20:2 it is the same as Hazazon-tamar, mentioned in Genesis 14:7 as occupied by the Amorites and as having been attacked by Chedorlaomer after leaving Kadesh and El Paran on his way to the Vale of Siddim. The place is situated upon the West shore of the Dead Sea about midway between the North and the South ends, and was included in the territory of Judah (Joshua 15:62). The spot is rendered attractive by the verdure clothing it by reason of immense fountains of warm water, 80 degrees F., which pour out from beneath the limestone cliffs.

In the time of Solomon (Songs 1:14) palms and vines were cultivated here. Josephus also mentions its beautiful palm groves.

In the time of Eusebius it was still a place of importance, but since the Middle Ages it has been almost deserted, being occupied now only by a few Arabs. The oasis occupies a small area a few hundred feet above the Dead Sea marked by the 650 ft. sedimentary terrace heretofore described (see DEAD SEA). The limestone borders rise so abruptly to a height of 2,000 ft. immediately on the West, that the place can be approached only by a rock-cut path. Two streams, Wady Sugeir and Wady el-Areyeh, descend on either side through precipitous rocky gorges from the uninhabitable wilderness separating it from Bethlehem and Hebron. It was in the caves opening out from the sides of these gorges that David took refuge from Saul (1 Samuel 24:1). During the reign of Jehoshaphat (2 Chronicles 20:2), the children of Ammon, Moab and Mt. Seir attempted to invade Judah by way of En-gedi, but were easily defeated as they came up from the gorges to occupy the advantageous field of battle chosen by Jehoshaphat.

George Frederick Wright

Strong's Hebrew
5872. En Gedi -- "spring of a kid," a place on W. shore of the ...
... Word Origin from ayin and gedi Definition "spring of a kid," a place on W.
shore of the Dead Sea NASB Word Usage Engedi (6). En-gedi. ...
/hebrew/5872.htm - 6k

The Coast of the Asphaltites, the Essenes. En-Gedi.
... En-gedi. ... But now Tamar and En-gedi are the same, 2 Chronicles 20:2. Nor have
we any reason why we should seek another Tamar elsewhere. ...
/.../lightfoot/from the talmud and hebraica/chapter 6 the coast of.htm

How David, when He had Twice the Opportunity of Killing Saul did ...
... he staid there the men of Keilah would deliver him up to Saul, he took his four
hundred men and retired into a desert that was over against a city called Engedi ...
/.../josephus/the antiquities of the jews/chapter 13 how david when.htm

Concerning Jehoshaphat Again; How He Constituted Judges And,
... time the Moabites and Ammonites made an expedition against Jehoshaphat, and took
with them a great body of Arabians, and pitched their camp at Engedi, a city ...
/.../josephus/the antiquities of the jews/chapter 1 concerning jehoshaphat again.htm

The Exile --Continued.
... VII."THE EXILE"CONTINUED. There are many echoes of this period of Engedi
in the Psalms. Perhaps the most distinctly audible ...
//christianbookshelf.org/maclaren/the life of david/vii the exilecontinued.htm

Chapter xiv
... time they were established at "Hazazon Tamar." This name would mean "the sandy country
of palms." According to 2 Chronicles 20:2 this was Engedi on the western ...
//christianbookshelf.org/leupold/exposition of genesis volume 1/chapter xiv.htm

David's Anger
... Twice he has Saul in his power: once in the cave at Engedi, once at the camp at
Hachilah, and both times he refuses nobly to use his opportunity. ...
//christianbookshelf.org/kingsley/david/sermon iii davids anger.htm

In Him: Like Him
... We have fled for refuge to him who is the hope set before us in the gospel; even
as David and his men sheltered themselves in the eaves of En-gedi, so we hide ...
/.../spurgeon/spurgeons sermons volume 29 1883/in him like him.htm

Baptism unto Repentance
... we are speaking, an extraordinary sect, known as the Essenes, was scattered throughout
Palestine, but had its special home in the oasis of Engedi; and with the ...
//christianbookshelf.org/meyer/john the baptist/vi baptism unto repentance.htm

The Beatific vision.
... Perhaps he had composed it in the night, as he lay either in the cave of Adullam
or Engedi, hiding from Saul among the cliffs of the wild goats; and meant to ...
/.../kingsley/westminster sermons/sermon xxvii the beatific vision.htm

The Hope of Future Bliss
... with the hope of future bliss.; As for me," says the patriarch, casting his eyes
aloft; As for me," said the hunted chieftain of the caves of Engedi""As for ...
/.../spurgeon/spurgeons sermons volume 1 1855/the hope of future bliss.htm

En-gedi (6 Occurrences)
En-gedi. Engedi, En-gedi. Enge'di . Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia EN-GEDI. ...
(ASV BBE DBY JPS WBS YLT). Engedi, En-gedi. Enge'di . Reference Bible.
/e/en-gedi.htm - 10k

Engedi (6 Occurrences)
... It was at first called Hazezon-tamar (Genesis 14:7), a city of the Amorites. The
vineyards of Engedi were celebrated in Solomon's time (Cant. ...EN-GEDI. ...
/e/engedi.htm - 11k

Gedi (6 Occurrences)
... Gedi (6 Occurrences). Joshua 15:62 Nibshan, the City of Salt, and EnGedi; six cities
with their villages. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV). ...
/g/gedi.htm - 8k

En (19 Occurrences)
... It occurs in numerous compound words, as EN-GEDI, EN-HADDAH, EN-HAKKORE,
/e/en.htm - 14k

En-ge'di (5 Occurrences)
... Multi-Version Concordance En-ge'di (5 Occurrences). Joshua 15:62 and Nibshan, and
the City of Salt, and En-gedi; six cities with their villages. (See RSV). ...
/e/en-ge'di.htm - 7k

Ziz (1 Occurrence)
... Projecting; a flower, a cleft or pass, probably that near En-gedi, which leads up
from the Dead Sea (2 Chronicles 20:16) in the direction of Tekoa; now Tell ...
/z/ziz.htm - 7k

Ascent (32 Occurrences)
... ziz (ma`aleh ha-tsits; Hasae, Hasisa): A pass in the wilderness of Judea (2 Chronicles
20:16) leading from Hazazon-tamar (En-gedi, 2 Chronicles 20:2). This is ...
/a/ascent.htm - 21k

Vine (76 Occurrences)
... 23). The vineyards of En-gedi (Cant. 1:14), Heshbon, Sibmah, Jazer, Elealeh
(Isaiah 16:8-10; Jeremiah 48:32, 34), and Helbon (Ezek. ...
/v/vine.htm - 46k

Nibshan (1 Occurrence)
... a city somewhere "in the wilderness" of Judah (Joshua 15:62), probably near Engedi. ...
Joshua 15:62 Nibshan, the City of Salt, and EnGedi; six cities with their ...
/n/nibshan.htm - 7k

Eneglaim (1 Occurrence)
... The situation must be near the entrance of the Jordan into the Dead Sea (see
EN-GEDI). ... come to pass, that the fishers shall stand upon it from Engedi even unto ...
/e/eneglaim.htm - 7k

En-gedi (6 Occurrences)

Joshua 15:62
and Nibshan, and the City of Salt, and En-gedi; six cities with their villages.

1 Samuel 23:29
And David went up from thence, and dwelt in the strongholds of En-gedi.

1 Samuel 24:1
And it came to pass, when Saul was returned from following the Philistines, that it was told him, saying, Behold, David is in the wilderness of En-gedi.

2 Chronicles 20:2
Then there came some that told Jehoshaphat, saying, There cometh a great multitude against thee from beyond the sea from Syria; and, behold, they are in Hazazon-tamar ( the same is En-gedi ).

Song of Songs 1:14
My beloved is unto me as a cluster of henna-flowers In the vineyards of En-gedi.

Ezekiel 47:10
And it shall come to pass, that fishers shall stand by it: from En-gedi even unto En-eglaim shall be a place for the spreading of nets; their fish shall be after their kinds, as the fish of the great sea, exceeding many.



En-Gedi: A City Allotted to the Tribe of Judah

En-Gedi: Built by the Amorites

En-Gedi: Cave of

En-Gedi: David Uses As a Stronghold

En-Gedi: Famous for Its Vineyards

Related Terms

Engedi (6 Occurrences)

Gedi (6 Occurrences)

En (19 Occurrences)

En-ge'di (5 Occurrences)

Ziz (1 Occurrence)

Ascent (32 Occurrences)

Vine (76 Occurrences)

Nibshan (1 Occurrence)

Eneglaim (1 Occurrence)

En-eglaim (1 Occurrence)

Enge'di (1 Occurrence)

Camphire (2 Occurrences)

Cities (427 Occurrences)


Hazezon-tamar (2 Occurrences)

Hachilah (3 Occurrences)

Hazazon-tamar (2 Occurrences)

Hazazontamar (1 Occurrence)

Palm (49 Occurrences)

Desert (322 Occurrences)

Plain (113 Occurrences)


Tamar (28 Occurrences)

Sea (4178 Occurrences)

Dead (580 Occurrences)

Salt (45 Occurrences)


Literature (2 Occurrences)

Kohathites (18 Occurrences)

Kohath (30 Occurrences)

Unwalled (39 Occurrences)

Jeruel (1 Occurrence)


Wilderness (304 Occurrences)

Wood (226 Occurrences)

Ir-hammelah (1 Occurrence)

Flea (2 Occurrences)


Fortresses (45 Occurrences)

Fishermen (8 Occurrences)

Fishers (8 Occurrences)


Eglaim (2 Occurrences)

En-eg'laim (1 Occurrence)

En-gan'nim (3 Occurrences)

Middin (1 Occurrence)

Berachah (2 Occurrences)

Blossoms (16 Occurrences)

Bethlehem (49 Occurrences)

Cypress-tree (2 Occurrences)

Cypress (17 Occurrences)

Cain (18 Occurrences)

Cave (40 Occurrences)

Cluster (6 Occurrences)

Camphor (2 Occurrences)

Arnon (23 Occurrences)

Strongholds (44 Occurrences)

Shittah (2 Occurrences)

Shittim (34 Occurrences)

Siddim (3 Occurrences)

Pursuing (50 Occurrences)

Tree (245 Occurrences)

Goat (92 Occurrences)

Hazezontamar (1 Occurrence)

Haz'azon-ta'mar (2 Occurrences)

Vine-gardens (41 Occurrences)

Hazazon (2 Occurrences)

David (1052 Occurrences)

Nets (33 Occurrences)

Fish (66 Occurrences)

Villages (106 Occurrences)

Abideth (66 Occurrences)

Vineyards (55 Occurrences)

Vast (54 Occurrences)

Branch (60 Occurrences)

Holds (67 Occurrences)

Jehoshaphat (79 Occurrences)

Territory (140 Occurrences)

Shore (45 Occurrences)

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