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Smith's Bible Dictionary

(Exodus 30;24; Ezekiel 27:19) The cassia bark of commerce is yielded by various kinds of Cinnamomum , which grow in different parts of India. The Hebrew word in (Psalms 45:8) is generally supposed to be another term for cassia.

ATS Bible Dictionary

The bark of an odoriferous tree, from which came one ingredient of the holy oil or ointment, Exodus 30:24; Psalm 45:8; Ezekiel 27:19.

Easton's Bible Dictionary

(1.) Hebrew kiddah', i.e., "split." One of the principal spices of the holy anointing oil (Exodus 30:24), and an article of commerce (Ezek. 27:19). It is the inner bark of a tree resembling the cinnamon (q.v.), the Cinnamomum cassia of botanists, and was probably imported from India.

(2.) Hebrew pl. ketzi'oth (Psalm 45:8). Mentioned in connection with myrrh and aloes as being used to scent garments. It was probably prepared from the peeled bark, as the Hebrew word suggests, of some kind of cinnamon.

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
1. (n.) A genus of leguminous plants (herbs, shrubs, or trees) of many species, most of which have purgative qualities. The leaves of several species furnish the senna used in medicine.

2. (n.) The bark of several species of Cinnamomum grown in China, etc.; Chinese cinnamon. It is imported as cassia, but commonly sold as cinnamon, from which it differs more or less in strength and flavor, and the amount of outer bark attached.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

kash'-a: Two Hebrew words,

(1) qiddah, which is mentioned, along with myrrh, cinnamon, calamus and olive oil, as one of the ingredients of the "holy anointing oil" (Exodus 30:24); it was, too, one of the wares in which Vedan and Javan traded with Tyre (Ezekiel 27:19); it is identified in the Peshitta and the Targum with (2).

(2) qetsi`oth (plural only, probably referring to the strips of bark), a word from which is derived the Greek kasia, and hence, cassia (Psalm 45:8).

It is probable that both (1) and (2) refer to Cassia lignea, the inner bark of Cinnamomum cassia, a plant growing in eastern Asia closely allied to that which yields the cinnamon of commerce. It is a fragrant, aromatic bark and was probably used in a powdered form. Both as an ingredient in unguents and as one of the perfumes at funerals, cassia, like cinnamon, was much used by the Romans. The cassia of Scripture must be clearly distinguished from the entirely distinct Cassia lanceolata and C. obovata which yield the familiar senna. The proper name KEZIAH (which see) is the singular form of ketsi`oth.

E. W. G. Masterman

Strong's Hebrew
7102. qetsiah -- cassia (a powdered bark)
... 7101, 7102. qetsiah. 7103 . cassia (a powdered bark). Transliteration: qetsiah
Phonetic Spelling: (kets-ee-aw') Short Definition: cassia. ...
/hebrew/7102.htm - 6k

6916. qiddah -- cassia
... 6915, 6916. qiddah. 6917 . cassia. Transliteration: qiddah Phonetic Spelling:
(kid-daw') Short Definition: cassia. Word Origin from ...
/hebrew/6916.htm - 6k

7103. Qetsiah -- "cassia," a daughter of Job
... 7102, 7103. Qetsiah. 7104 . "cassia," a daughter of Job. Transliteration: Qetsiah
Phonetic Spelling: (kets-ee-aw') Short Definition: Keziah. ...
/hebrew/7103.htm - 6k


The Gladness of the Man of Sorrows
... All thy garments smell of myrrh, and aloes, and cassia, out of the ivory
palaces, whereby they have made thee glad.""Psalm 45:7, 8. ...
/.../spurgeon/spurgeons sermons volume 9 1863/the gladness of the man.htm

The Blood of the Covenant
... His subject had been the covenant, and when he prayed his garments were sweet with
the myrrh and aloes and cassia among which his meditations had conducted him ...
/.../spurgeon/spurgeons sermons volume 20 1874/the blood of the covenant.htm

Apprehending God
... "O taste and see that the Lord is good." "All thy garments smell of myrrh, and aloes,
and cassia, out of the ivory palaces." "My sheep hear my voice." "Blessed ...
// pursuit of god/iv apprehending god.htm

Ezekiel's Discourse
... white wool. Vedan and Javan traded with yarn for thy wares: bright iron,
cassia, and calamus, were among thy merchandise. Dedan ...
/.../various/select masterpieces of biblical literature/vii ezekiels discourse.htm

A Lamb Bears all the Guilt Away.
... heaven. Away! gold of Arabia, Myrrh, calamus, and cassia, Far better I
discover! My priceless treasure is, O Thou My Jesus! what ...
/.../gerhardt/paul gerhardts spiritual songs/a lamb bears all the.htm

Augoustou Monarchesantos Epi Tes Ges,
... CHRISTMAS Augoustou monarchesantos epi tes ges,. he poluarchia ton anthropon epausato.
By Cassia the Recluse. Menaeon Dec.25. tr., John Brownlie. 8,8,8,8. I. ...
/.../brownlie/hymns from the morningland/augoustou monarchesantos epi tes ges.htm

Kurie, E En Pollais Hamartias.
... k?sia (kasia) is sometimes written kassia (kassia), the sweet herb. The sweetness
of cassia had been changed to the bitterness of myrrh. I. ...
/.../brownlie/hymns of the apostolic church/kurie e en pollais hamartias.htm

It is an Annoyance to the Jew that Christ is Said to be Adored ...
... [He hath anointed Thee] with myrrh, [2046] and oil, and cassia, from Thy garments;
from the ivory palaces, whereby they made Thee glad. ...
/.../chapter xxxviii it is an annoyance.htm

It is Proved that this God was Incarnate.
... [He hath anointed Thee] with myrrh, and oil, and cassia from Thy garments,
from the ivory palaces, whereby they made Thee glad. ...
/.../chapter lxiii it is proved that.htm

Psalm 45
... Above thy fellows hath with th' oil. of joy anointed thee. ^8Of aloes, myrrh, and
cassia,. a smell thy garments had,. Out of the iv'ry palaces,. ...
/...// psalter and paraphrases/psalm 45.htm

Cassia (3 Occurrences)
... 27:19). It is the inner bark of a tree resembling the cinnamon (qv), the Cinnamomum
cassia of botanists, and was probably imported from India. ...CASSIA. ...
/c/cassia.htm - 9k

Cinnamon (4 Occurrences)
... 2. (n.) Cassia. Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. CINNAMON. sin'-a-mun (qinnamon;
kinnamomon): Mentioned, like cassia, as a perfume. ...
/c/cinnamon.htm - 10k

Keziah (1 Occurrence)
... KEZIAH. ke-zi'-a (qetsi`ah, "cassia"; Kasia, Codex Alexandrinus, Kassia): The 2nd
daughter of Job (Job 42:14), born after his restoration from affliction. ...
/k/keziah.htm - 7k

Javan (12 Occurrences)
... (2.) A town or district of Arabia Felix, from which the Syrians obtained iron, cassia,
and calamus (Ezek. 27:19). Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. JAVAN. ...
/j/javan.htm - 12k

Vedan (1 Occurrence)
... Vedan (1 Occurrence). Ezekiel 27:19 Vedan and Javan traded with yarn for your wares:
bright iron, cassia, and calamus, were among your merchandise. ...
/v/vedan.htm - 7k

Kezia (1 Occurrence)
... Easton's Bible Dictionary Cassia, the name of Job's second daughter (42:14), born
after prosperity had returned to him. Multi-Version Concordance ...
/k/kezia.htm - 6k

Uzal (3 Occurrences)
... Ezekiel 27:19 Vedan and Javan of Uzal traded in thy markets: wrought iron,
cassia, and calamus were in thy traffic. (DBY NAS RSV NIV). ...
/u/uzal.htm - 9k

Olive-oil (4 Occurrences)
... (WBS). Exodus 30:24 And of cassia five hundred shekels, after the shekel
of the sanctuary, and of olive-oil a hin: (WBS). Deuteronomy ...
/o/olive-oil.htm - 7k

Ointment (29 Occurrences)
...cassia." The oil was probably mixed with the above ingredients added in a powdered
form and heated until the oil had absorbed their odors and then allowed to ...
/o/ointment.htm - 18k

India (2 Occurrences)
... Among these may be noted "horns of ivory and ebony," "cassia and calamus," almug
(sandalwood), apes and peacocks. W. Ewing. Multi-Version Concordance ...
/i/india.htm - 9k

Cassia (3 Occurrences)

Exodus 30:24
and of cassia five hundred, after the shekel of the sanctuary; and a hin of olive oil.

Psalms 45:8
All your garments smell like myrrh, aloes, and cassia. Out of ivory palaces stringed instruments have made you glad.

Ezekiel 27:19
Vedan and Javan traded with yarn for your wares: bright iron, cassia, and calamus, were among your merchandise.



Cassia: An Aromatic Plant, Probably Cinnamon

Related Terms

Cinnamon (4 Occurrences)

Keziah (1 Occurrence)

Javan (12 Occurrences)

Vedan (1 Occurrence)

Kezia (1 Occurrence)

Uzal (3 Occurrences)

Olive-oil (4 Occurrences)

Ointment (29 Occurrences)

India (2 Occurrences)

Fairs (6 Occurrences)

Traffic (12 Occurrences)

Traded (16 Occurrences)

Remnants (8 Occurrences)

Massive (4 Occurrences)


Markets (11 Occurrences)

Measured (91 Occurrences)

Exchanged (22 Occurrences)

Palaces (37 Occurrences)

Burning (415 Occurrences)

Bartered (5 Occurrences)

Calamus (5 Occurrences)

Cane (11 Occurrences)


Adorned (20 Occurrences)

Spices (64 Occurrences)

Shekels (92 Occurrences)

Spice (25 Occurrences)

Strings (11 Occurrences)

Shekel (37 Occurrences)

Wares (23 Occurrences)

Scale (38 Occurrences)

Bush (14 Occurrences)

Fragrant (30 Occurrences)

Aloes (5 Occurrences)

Stringed (34 Occurrences)

Hin (19 Occurrences)

Whereby (46 Occurrences)

Occupied (32 Occurrences)

Ivory (13 Occurrences)

Myrrh (22 Occurrences)

Yarn (37 Occurrences)

Market (24 Occurrences)

Merchandise (34 Occurrences)

Weight (143 Occurrences)

Greeks (22 Occurrences)

Fro (54 Occurrences)

Olive (61 Occurrences)

Cast (640 Occurrences)

Smell (77 Occurrences)

Bought (66 Occurrences)

Paid (86 Occurrences)

Bright (85 Occurrences)

Instruments (136 Occurrences)

Oil (281 Occurrences)

Dan (71 Occurrences)

Iron (104 Occurrences)

Sanctuary (250 Occurrences)

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