Alexander Balas
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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
Alexander Balas

ALEXANDER BALAS

Alexander ba'-las (Alexandros ho Balas legomenos): He contended against Demetrius I of Syria for the throne and succeeded in obtaining it. He was a youth of mean origin, but he was put forth by the enemies of Demetrius as being Alexander, the son and heir of Antiochus Epiphanes. He received the support of the Roman Senate and of Ptolemy VI of Egypt, and on account of the tyranny of Demetrius, was favored by many of the Syrians. The country was thrown into civil war and Demetrius was defeated by Alexander II took up the cause of his father and in 147 B.C., Alexander fled from his kingdom and was soon after assassinated.

Our chief interest in Alexander is his connection with the Maccabees. Jonathan was the leader of the Maccabean forces and both Alexander and Demetrius sought his aid. Demetrius granted Jonathan the right to raise and maintain an army. Alexander, not to be outdone, appointed Jonathan high priest, and as a token of his new office sent him a purple robe and a diadem (Ant., XIII, ii, 2). This was an important step in the rise of the Maccabean house, for it insured them the support of the Chasidim. In 153 B.C., Jonathan officiated as high priest at the altar (1 Maccabees 10:1-14; Ant, XIII, ii, 1). This made him the legal head of Judea and thus the movement of the Maccabees became closely identified with Judaism. In 1 Maccabees 10:1, he is called Alexander Epiphanes.

A. W. Fortune

Library

How Alexander Honored Jonathan after an Extraordinary Manner; and ...
... satisfied, he also departed this life. Now Alexander, who was called Balas,
reigned over Asia five years, as we have elsewhere related. ...
/.../josephus/the antiquities of the jews/chapter 4 how alexander honored.htm

Appendix iv. An Abstract of Jewish History from the Reign of ...
... He took the side of the new monarch, Alexander Balas, who sent him a crown of gold
and a purple mantle, and appointed him High-Priest, a dignity which Jonathan ...
/.../the life and times of jesus the messiah/appendix iv an abstract of.htm

Book 13 Footnotes
... [17] That this Antiochus, the son of Alexander Balas, was called "The God," is evident
from his coins, which Spanheim assures us bear this inscription, "King ...
/.../josephus/the antiquities of the jews/book 13 footnotes.htm

On Daniel. Ii. The Interpretation by Hippolytus, (Bishop) of Rome ...
... incertæ stirpis). So Hippolytus calls him here, "a certain Alexander" (tina).
He had also other surnames, eg, Euergetes, Balas, etc. ...
/.../on daniel ii the interpretation.htm



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