1 Samuel 17:28
Text Analysis
Strong'sHebrewEnglishMorphology
8085 [e]וַיִּשְׁמַ֤ע
way-yiš-ma‘
And heardConj-w | V-Qal-ConsecImperf-3ms
446 [e]אֱלִיאָב֙
’ĕ-lî-’āḇ
EliabN-proper-ms
251 [e]אָחִ֣יו
’ā-ḥîw
brotherN-msc | 3ms
1419 [e]הַגָּד֔וֹל
hag-gā-ḏō-wl,
his oldestArt | Adj-ms
1696 [e]בְּדַבְּר֖וֹ
bə-ḏab-bə-rōw
when he spokePrep-b | V-Piel-Inf | 3ms
413 [e]אֶל־
’el-
toPrep
376 [e]הָאֲנָשִׁ֑ים
hā-’ă-nā-šîm;
the menArt | N-mp
2734 [e]וַיִּֽחַר־
way-yi-ḥar-
and was arousedConj-w | V-Qal-ConsecImperf-3ms
639 [e]אַף֩
’ap̄
angerN-msc
446 [e]אֱלִיאָ֨ב
’ĕ-lî-’āḇ
of EliabN-proper-ms
1732 [e]בְּדָוִ֜ד
bə-ḏā-wiḏ
against DavidPrep-b | N-proper-ms
559 [e]וַיֹּ֣אמֶר ׀
way-yō-mer
and he saidConj-w | V-Qal-ConsecImperf-3ms
4100 [e]לָמָּה־
lām-māh-
whyInterrog
2088 [e]זֶּ֣ה
zeh
[is] thisPro-ms
3381 [e]יָרַ֗דְתָּ
yā-raḏ-tā,
[that] you came downV-Qal-Perf-2ms
5921 [e]וְעַל־
wə-‘al-
and withConj-w | Prep
4310 [e]מִ֨י
whomInterrog
5203 [e]נָטַ֜שְׁתָּ
nā-ṭaš-tā
have you leftV-Qal-Perf-2ms
4592 [e]מְעַ֨ט
mə-‘aṭ
fewAdj-msc
6629 [e]הַצֹּ֤אן
haṣ-ṣōn
sheepArt | N-cs
2007 [e]הָהֵ֙נָּה֙
hā-hên-nāh
thoseArt | Pro-3fp
4057 [e]בַּמִּדְבָּ֔ר
bam-miḏ-bār,
in the wildernessPrep-b, Art | N-ms
589 [e]אֲנִ֧י
’ă-nî
IPro-1cs
3045 [e]יָדַ֣עְתִּי
yā-ḏa‘-tî
knowV-Qal-Perf-1cs
853 [e]אֶת־
’eṯ-
-DirObjM
2087 [e]זְדֹנְךָ֗
zə-ḏō-nə-ḵā,
your prideN-msc | 2ms
853 [e]וְאֵת֙
wə-’êṯ
andConj-w | DirObjM
7455 [e]רֹ֣עַ
rō-a‘
the insolenceN-msc
3824 [e]לְבָבֶ֔ךָ
lə-ḇā-ḇe-ḵā,
of your heartN-msc | 2ms
3588 [e]כִּ֗י
kî,
forConj
4616 [e]לְמַ֛עַן
lə-ma-‘an
-Conj
7200 [e]רְא֥וֹת
rə-’ō-wṯ
to seeV-Qal-Inf
4421 [e]הַמִּלְחָמָ֖ה
ham-mil-ḥā-māh
the battleArt | N-fs
3381 [e]יָרָֽדְתָּ׃
yā-rā-ḏə-tā.
you have come downV-Qal-Perf-2ms









Hebrew Texts
שמואל א 17:28 Hebrew OT: Westminster Leningrad Codex
וַיִּשְׁמַ֤ע אֱלִיאָב֙ אָחִ֣יו הַגָּדֹ֔ול בְּדַבְּרֹ֖ו אֶל־הָאֲנָשִׁ֑ים וַיִּֽחַר־אַף֩ אֱלִיאָ֨ב בְּדָוִ֜ד וַיֹּ֣אמֶר ׀ לָמָּה־זֶּ֣ה יָרַ֗דְתָּ וְעַל־מִ֨י נָטַ֜שְׁתָּ מְעַ֨ט הַצֹּ֤אן הָהֵ֙נָּה֙ בַּמִּדְבָּ֔ר אֲנִ֧י יָדַ֣עְתִּי אֶת־זְדֹנְךָ֗ וְאֵת֙ רֹ֣עַ לְבָבֶ֔ךָ כִּ֗י לְמַ֛עַן רְאֹ֥ות הַמִּלְחָמָ֖ה יָרָֽדְתָּ׃

שמואל א 17:28 Hebrew OT: WLC (Consonants Only)
וישמע אליאב אחיו הגדול בדברו אל־האנשים ויחר־אף אליאב בדוד ויאמר ׀ למה־זה ירדת ועל־מי נטשת מעט הצאן ההנה במדבר אני ידעתי את־זדנך ואת רע לבבך כי למען ראות המלחמה ירדת׃

שמואל א 17:28 Paleo-Hebrew OT: WLC (Font Required)
וישמע אליאב אחיו הגדול בדברו אל־האנשים ויחר־אף אליאב בדוד ויאמר ׀ למה־זה ירדת ועל־מי נטשת מעט הצאן ההנה במדבר אני ידעתי את־זדנך ואת רע לבבך כי למען ראות המלחמה ירדת׃

שמואל א 17:28 Hebrew Bible
וישמע אליאב אחיו הגדול בדברו אל האנשים ויחר אף אליאב בדוד ויאמר למה זה ירדת ועל מי נטשת מעט הצאן ההנה במדבר אני ידעתי את זדנך ואת רע לבבך כי למען ראות המלחמה ירדת׃

Parallel Verses
New American Standard Bible
Now Eliab his oldest brother heard when he spoke to the men; and Eliab's anger burned against David and he said, "Why have you come down? And with whom have you left those few sheep in the wilderness? I know your insolence and the wickedness of your heart; for you have come down in order to see the battle."

King James Bible
And Eliab his eldest brother heard when he spake unto the men; and Eliab's anger was kindled against David, and he said, Why camest thou down hither? and with whom hast thou left those few sheep in the wilderness? I know thy pride, and the naughtiness of thine heart; for thou art come down that thou mightest see the battle.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
David's oldest brother Eliab listened as he spoke to the men, and became angry with him. "Why did you come down here?" he asked. "Who did you leave those few sheep with in the wilderness? I know your arrogance and your evil heart--you came down to see the battle!"
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Eliab's anger

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Matthew 10:36 And a man's foes shall be they of his own household.

Matthew 27:18 For he knew that for envy they had delivered him.

Mark 3:21 And when his friends heard of it, they went out to lay hold on him: …

with

1 Samuel 17:20 And David rose up early in the morning, and left the sheep with a …

I know

1 Samuel 16:7 But the LORD said to Samuel, Look not on his countenance, or on the …

Psalm 35:11 False witnesses did rise up; they laid to my charge things that I knew not.

Jude 1:10 But these speak evil of those things which they know not: but what …

Links
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1 Samuel 17:27
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