Leviticus 3:1
"If one's offering is a peace offering and he offers an animal from the herd, whether male or female, he must present it without blemish before the LORD.
The Offering DistinguishedR.A. Redford Leviticus 3:1
A General View OfferingsS.R. Aldridge Leviticus 3:1-5
The Peace OfferingJ.A. Macdonald Leviticus 3:1-5
The Foundation of Fellowship with GodW. Clarkson Leviticus 3:1-16
Charles Wesley's Peace-OfferingLeviticus 3:1-17
Christ Our Peace-OfferingS. Mather.Leviticus 3:1-17
Fat and Blood not to be EatenBp. Babington.Leviticus 3:1-17
Fellowship with God and Man as Illustrated in the Peace OfferingR.M. Edgar Leviticus 3:1-17
Gospel PeaceT. De Witt Talmage.Leviticus 3:1-17
Gratitude OfferingGreat ThoughtsLeviticus 3:1-17
On Terms of Peace with GodLeviticus 3:1-17
Peace ProclaimedChristian AgeLeviticus 3:1-17
Peace Through ChristLeviticus 3:1-17
Peace Through the AtonementLeviticus 3:1-17
Peace-Offerings Turned to SinA. A. Bonar.Leviticus 3:1-17
Praise-OfferingS. S. ChronicleLeviticus 3:1-17
Reason for Minute PrescriptionsJ. Cumming, D. D.Leviticus 3:1-17
The Best for GodA. Willet, D. D.Leviticus 3:1-17
The Goat in SacrificeA. A. Bonar.Leviticus 3:1-17
The Peace OfferingsR.A. Redford Leviticus 3:1-17
The Peace SacrificeF. H. White.Leviticus 3:1-17
The Peace-OfferingJ. A. Seiss, D. D.Leviticus 3:1-17
The Peace-OfferingLady Beaujolois Dent.Leviticus 3:1-17
The Peace-OfferingA. Jukes.Leviticus 3:1-17
The Peace-OfferingDean Law.Leviticus 3:1-17
The Peace-OfferingsA. Willet, D. D.Leviticus 3:1-17
The Peace-OfferingsJ. Cumming, D. D.Leviticus 3:1-17
The Sacrificial Feast of the Peace-OfferingS. H. Kellogg, D. D.Leviticus 3:1-17

A supplementary account of the manner in which the peace offerings are to be presented unto the Lord is contained in chapter 7. Reserving fuller distinct consideration of them till our arrival there, it may be instructive now to derive some general lessons from a comparison between this present chapter and the preceding chapters, which tell us of the burnt and meat offerings.

I. EACH SEASON AND CIRCUMSTANCE HAS ITS APPROPRIATE OFFERING. Different names are bestowed upon the offerings. A general name for all is corban, a gift, a means of approach. It may be "a burnt offering" (Leviticus 1:3), significant of entire dedication; or "an offering of an oblation" (Leviticus 2:1), a present of flour or grains, an acknowledgment of God's goodness, and an expression of desire to obtain his good will; or "a sacrifice of peace" (Leviticus 3:1), denoting a wish to live in concord with Jehovah, recognizing his will and enjoying his favour. Thus the devout Israelite could never be without a fitting means of approach, whatever his state of mind or whatever the crisis in his life. So we may always have something to offer our heavenly Father, whether in suffering or health, in adversity or prosperity, in age or youth, desiring increased sanctification, or blessing, or usefulness, whether thankful for the past or requesting grace for the future. Even the one atonement of Jesus Christ, like a prism that exhibits different colours according to our position, may appear a diversified offering, according as the pressing need of the moment may seem to be deliverance from wrath, peace, happiness, self-dedication, temporal prosperity, or the light of God's countenance.

II. BY THE DIFFERENCE IN OFFERINGS GOD SEEMS TO DESIRE TO AWAKEN AND DEVELOP DIFFERENT MORAL SENTIMENTS. Our chequered experience has its part to fulfill in calling into play every faculty of the mind and spirit. God likes a good "all-round" character, strong at all points, and only exercise can secure this. He would have his people attend to all the requirements of the Christian life, to manifest all the virtues, knowledge and faith, gratitude and hope, patience and vigour. We must not deem any voyage or journey superfluous; no accident but may benefit us; the holiness meeting, the evangelistic service, the workers' conference, - each may be profitable in turn.

III. ONE OFFERING DOES NOT INTERFERE WITH THE PRESENTATION OF ANOTHER OF A DIFFERENT KIND. In verse 5 we read that the fat of the peace offering is placed upon the burnt offering, probably upon the remains of the morning sacrifice. So that the one becomes a foundation for the other, and clashing is obviated. The sacrifice of the congregation does not prevent the sacrifice of the individual, nor does the general offering prove a hindrance to the special. Family prayer is no obstacle to private supplication, nor does the stated worship of the sanctuary exclude extraordinary gatherings. The fear of some good people lest regular meditation and service should grow formal and check any outburst of enthusiasm, or any sudden prompting to special effort, is seen to be groundless.

IV. CERTAIN REGULATIONS ARE COMMON TO ALL OFFERINGS. Burning on the altar belongs to bloody and unbloody sacrifices, death and sprinkling of blood of necessity only to the former. In every case the offering must be of the best of its kind, if an animal "without blemish," if of grain "fine flour." What we say or do for God should be with our might; in whatever service for him we engage, it must be with full affection and earnest zeal. And every sacrifice required the mediation of a priest. Christ must be the inspiration of our acts, the way of acceptance consecrating all our gifts of money, strength, and time. By him we die (as did the sentient victim) to the world, by him we live to the glory of God. - S.R.A.

These are the commandments which the Lord commanded Moses for the children of Israel.
Many of these commandments are moral and of perpetual obligation. Others of them ceremonial and peculiar to the Jewish economy, which yet have a spiritual significance, and are instructive to us who are furnished with a key to let us into the mysteries contained in them; for unto us by these institutions is the gospel preached, as well as unto them (Hebrews 4:2). And upon the whole matter we may see cause to bless God that we are not come to Mount Sinai (Hebrews 12:18).

1. That we are not under the dark shadows of the law, but enjoy the clear light of the gospel, which shows us Christ the end of the law for righteousness (Romans 10:4). The doctrine of our reconciliation to God by a Mediator is not clouded with the smoke of burning sacrifices, but cleared by the knowledge of Christ, and Him crucified.

2. That we are not under the heavy yoke of the law and the carnal ordinances of it, as the apostle calls them (Hebrews 9:10), imposed till the time of reformation, a yoke which neither they nor their fathers were able to bear (Acts 15:10); but under the sweet and easy institutions of the gospel, which pronounces those the true worshippers, that worship the Father in spirit and truth, by Christ only, and in His name, who is our Priest, Temple, Altar, Sacrifice, Purification, and All. Let us not therefore think that because we are not tied to the ceremonial cleansings, feasts, and oblations, a little care, time, and expense will serve to honour God with. No, but rather have our hearts more enlarged in free-will-offerings, to His praise, more inflamed with holy love and joy, and more engaged in seriousness of thoughts, and sincerity of intention. Having boldness to enter into the holiness by the blood of Jesus, let us draw near with a true heart, and in full assurance of faith, worshipping God with so much the more cheerfulness and humble confidence, still saying, Blessed be God for Jesus Christ.

( Matthew Henry, D. D..)

The last chapter of the book is taken up with directions for individual worship, on the details of which we cannot enter; but this general thought is suggested, that though the nation as a whole may lose its covenant standing, the way is always open for individuals. There is much comfort in this thought, in view of such dark times as those to which the prophetical part of the preceding chapter points. The door of mercy is never shut, however dark and degenerate the times may be. However wickedness may abound in the world, and coldness and deadness in the Church, God will always have His witnesses, and they will always have their opportunities. This word is never changed, "Whosoever will, let him come." In all times religion in the last resort must be an individual matter between the soul and God. No man can be saved in a crowd; but neither can any man be lost in a crowd. And sometimes, when the great multitude seems to carry all before it, God still may have His seven thousand men, known to Him alone, who have brought their individual offerings to Him, and "never bowed the knee to Baal." Remember the comfort that was given to Daniel, when his spirit was ready to faint in the prospect of the dark days which the prophetic vision had disclosed. "Go thou thy way till the end be; for thou shalt rest and stand in thy lot at the end of the days." "Go thou thy way" — in times of apostasy and darkness, it is for the individual believer to leave the destinies of the world and of the Church in the hands of Him who "doeth all things well," and seek only to be faithful to his own duty. As for others: "shall not the Judge of all the earth do right?" And as for thee, "thou shalt rest" — there is the fulfilment of the Sabbath and all the sabbatic series — "and stand in thy lot at the end of the days" — there is the fulfilment of the jubilee and all the eighth day series. Amid all the secularities and unbelief and disobedience of the times, let us seek to maintain communion with God, and bring our individual offerings, however "singular" they be, and we shall certainly find that "the joy of the Lord is our strength," and that His thoughts of love expressed in the feasts of the old covenant will be fulfilled for us, and then at the end of the days we shall enter on our sabbath of rest, and our jubilee of joy eternal.

(J. M. Gibson, D. D.).

Aaron, Moses
Animal, Blemish, Bring, Bringing, Defect, Fellowship, Female, Gives, Herd, Male, Man's, Mark, Oblation, Offer, Offering, Offerings, Offers, Peace, Peace-offering, Peace-offerings, Perfect, Present, Sacrifice, Someone's, Whether
1. The peace offering of the herd
6. whether a sheep
7. whether a lamb
12. or a goat
17. A prohibition to eat fat or blood

Dictionary of Bible Themes
Leviticus 3:1

     4605   animals, religious role
     5278   cripples

Leviticus 3:1-2

     5378   law, OT
     7372   hands, laying on

Leviticus 3:1-5

     4552   wood
     7422   ritual

Leviticus 3:1-6

     7364   fellowship offering

Leviticus 3:1-17

     7316   blood, OT sacrifices

Motives to Holy Mourning
Let me exhort Christians to holy mourning. I now persuade to such a mourning as will prepare the soul for blessedness. Oh that our hearts were spiritual limbecs, distilling the water of holy tears! Christ's doves weep. They that escape shall be like doves of the valleys, all of them mourning, every one for his iniquity' (Ezekiel 7:16). There are several divine motives to holy mourning: 1 Tears cannot be put to a better use. If you weep for outward losses, you lose your tears. It is like a shower
Thomas Watson—The Beatitudes: An Exposition of Matthew 5:1-12

The emphasis which modern criticism has very properly laid on the prophetic books and the prophetic element generally in the Old Testament, has had the effect of somewhat diverting popular attention from the priestly contributions to the literature and religion of Israel. From this neglect Leviticus has suffered most. Yet for many reasons it is worthy of close attention; it is the deliberate expression of the priestly mind of Israel at its best, and it thus forms a welcome foil to the unattractive
John Edgar McFadyen—Introduction to the Old Testament

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