Genesis 42:20
Then bring your youngest brother to me so that your words can be verified, that you may not die." And to this they consented.
Providence Working in Men's LivesDean Stanley.Genesis 42:3-20
The First Journey of Jacob's Brethren into EgyptT. H. Leale.Genesis 42:3-20
The First Journey of Joseph's Brethren into EgyptF. W. Robertson, M. A.Genesis 42:3-20
The Retributions of ProvidenceA. P. Watson.Genesis 42:3-20
LessonsG. Hughes, B. D.Genesis 42:19-20
God's Trials of His PeopleR.A. Redford Genesis 42

The famine was part of God's plan to carry out his promise to Abraham (Genesis 15:13, 14). But it is not merely a fact in the historical preparation for what he was bringing to pass; a link in the chain of events leading on to Christ. We must look upon it as part of a series of types foreshadowing gospel truths. The famine was a step towards the promised possession, and has its counterpart in the work of the Holy Spirit. It represents the spiritual want of man; conviction of sin (John 16:8; cf. Romans 7:9), leading to know the power of Christ's work (Matthew 18:11).

I. The first step is CONSCIOUSNESS OF FAMINE; that a man's life is more than meat; more than a supply of bodily wants. It is realizing that he has wants beyond the present life; that in living for time he has been following a shadow. This knowledge is not natural to us. Bodily hunger soon makes itself felt, but the soul's need does not; and until it is known, the man may be "poor and blind and naked," and yet suppose that he is "rich and increased with goods."

II. WE CANNOT OF OURSELVES SUPPLY THAT WANT. Gradually we learn how great it is. We want to still the accusing voice of conscience; to find a plea that shall avail in judgment; to see clearly the way of life that we may not err therein. In vain we look one on another, seeking comfort in the good opinion of men, in their testimony to our upright life. In vain we try to satisfy ourselves, by promises to do better, or by offerings of our substance or of our work. In vain is it to seek rest in unbelief, or in the persuasion that in some way all will be right. The soul cannot thus find peace. There is a voice which at times will make itself heard - "all have sinned" - thou hast sinned.

III. GOD HAS PROVIDED BREAD. "I have heard that there is corn in Egypt" (cf. Romans 10:18), answers to the gospel telling of the bread of life. As to this we mark -

1. It was provided before the want arose (1 Peter 1:20; Revelation 13:8). The gospel tells us of what has already been done, not of a gift to come into existence on certain conditions. The ransom of our souls has been paid. We have to believe and take (Revelation 22:17).

2. How faith works. They must go for that food which was ready for them. To take the bread of life must be a real earnest act, not a listless assent. The manna which was to be gathered, the brazen serpent to which the sick were to look, the command to the impotent "Rise, take up thy bed and walk," all show that it is not enough merely to wish, there must be the effort of faith (cf. 1 Thessalonians 1:3). This is a law of the spiritual kingdom. As natural laws regulate results within their, domain, so spiritual results must be sought in accordance with spiritual laws.

3. It is our Brother who has made provision for us. This is our confidence. He waits to reveal himself when in humility and emptiness we come to him, and to give us plenty (1 Corinthians 3:21, 22). - M.

Let one of your brethren be bound.
1. To prove truth among national parties, it is not unequal to give hostages.

2. Hostages being taken it is but equal that parties have liberty to manifest truth.

3. Nature will not, much less grace, dispatch hungry men without food.

4. Bread-corn is the break-neck of hunger (ver. 19).

5. Reasonable testimonies of truth may be peremptorily demanded of suspected persons.

6. Justification and security are to be afforded to men of truth.

7. It is reasonable for men under trials to yield to just terms for deliverance (ver. 20).

(G. Hughes, B. D.)

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