Now King Hiram of Tyre sent envoys to David, along with cedar logs, stonemasons, and carpenters, to build a palace for him.
I. THREE THOUGHTS CONCERNING DAVID'S ACTION. We judge:
1. That he was wise in building himself a royal mansion. (Ver. 1.) It would be likely to give an aspect of stability to his throne, and thus add to the security of his position. It was due to his family that they should have the full benefit of his exaltation. It was wise to make domestic life as attractive to himself and as honourable in the eyes of his people as he could make it appear. By taking greatest pains, and even going outside the limits of Israel to furnish himself with a "house of cedar," David was doing the wise and right thing.
2. That he was foolish and wrong in multiplying the number of his wives. (Ver. 3.) He departed from God's intention, if not from his positive precept, when he "took more wives" at Jerusalem. He availed himself of his royal position to do that which was unbecoming and inexpedient as well as at variance with national usage. It was in accordance with the promptings of the flesh, but out of accord with the teachings of his better judgment.
3. That his error outweighed his wisdom. Better far the humble structure with one family dwelling therein in harmony and love, than the imposing mansion wherein dwelt domestic jealousy and strife. David's after history only too sadly proves that he laid the foundation of his worst troubles when he "took more wives" to his royal palace and converted what would have been a happy home into an intriguing harem. His folly outweighed his wisdom. We turn to regard -
II. THE APPLICATION OF THESE THOUGHTS TO OURSELVES. And we conclude that the wise Christian man will:
1. Spare no trouble to provide an inviting home. The Christian home is the hope of the world. As it becomes more extensively the centre and source of piety and purity, of righteousness and wisdom, so the kingdom of God will come on the earth. Therefore let the Christian home have everything about it that is attractive; let it be strong and beautiful; let all labour and care be expended on it that it may have all possible things to please the pure eye and gratify the cultivated taste.
2. Put all needful restraint on himself. He will not merely not "take more wives" - refrain from that which is positively disallowed by the society in which he moves - but guard himself against all indulgence which will injure his influence at home or leave a stain on his reputation outside.
3. Remember that one serious mistake may mar much good. As David has certainly lost something of the lustre with which his name would otherwise have shone, and now exerts somewhat less of power than he would otherwise have wielded, because he did not adhere to true domestic morality, so shall we inevitably and irrecoverably lose weight, influence, usefulness, as well as peace and gladness of heart, if we make any one serious mistake in the ordering of our life. This is true of the choice of our vocation, of the selection of our friends, and (more especially) of the decision we make as to the lifelong alliance of marriage. How many have cut their joy and usefulness in twain by one sad error here! How needful in this respect, above most other matters, to act not on impulse but conviction, to ask the guidance of the Divine Friend, to act as those who are responsible for all the great choices of our life! - C.
Now Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David.
I. AN INSTANCE OF TRUE FRIENDSHIP.
II. AN ILLUSTRATION OF HUMAN AGENCY IN THE SERVICE OF GOD.
III. A PROOF OF GOD'S PROVIDENCE.
1. In Hiram's conduct.
2. In David's accession to the throne.
3. In the honour and extension of David's kingdom.
I. THE PROVIDENCE OF GOD IN THE EXALTATION OF A GOOD MAN.
II. THE INFLUENCE OF A GOOD MAN UPON OTHERS WHEN THUS EXALTED. Men pay homage to moral worth and holy life. This power every Christian may possess and wield.
III. THE DESIGN FOR WHICH GOD EXALTS A GOOD MAN (2 Samuel 5:12). Not for themselves, but for others are men enriched and honoured.
3. Nations.Lifts up above:
(J. P. Lange.)
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