Exodus 2:23
Parallel Verses
New International Version
During that long period, the king of Egypt died. The Israelites groaned in their slavery and cried out, and their cry for help because of their slavery went up to God.

King James Bible
And it came to pass in process of time, that the king of Egypt died: and the children of Israel sighed by reason of the bondage, and they cried, and their cry came up unto God by reason of the bondage.

Darby Bible Translation
And it came to pass during those many days, that the king of Egypt died. And the children of Israel sighed because of the bondage, and cried; and their cry came up to God because of the bondage;

World English Bible
It happened in the course of those many days, that the king of Egypt died, and the children of Israel sighed because of the bondage, and they cried, and their cry came up to God because of the bondage.

Young's Literal Translation
And it cometh to pass during these many days, that the king of Egypt dieth, and the sons of Israel sigh because of the service, and cry, and their cry goeth up unto God, because of the service;

Exodus 2:23 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

In process of time - the king of Egypt died - According to St. Stephen, (Acts 7:30, compared with Exodus 7:7), the death of the Egyptian king happened about forty years after the escape of Moses to Midian. The words ויהי בימים הרבים ההם vayehi baiyamim harabbim hahem, which we translate And it came to pass in process of time, signify, And it was in many days from these that the king, etc. It has already been remarked that Archbishop Usher supposes this king to have been Ramesses Miamun, who was succeeded by his son Amenophis, who was drowned in the Red Sea when pursuing the Israelites, but Abul Farajius says it was Amunfathis, (Amenophis), he who made the cruel edict against the Hebrew children. Some suppose that Moses wrote the book of Job during the time he sojourned in Midian, and also the book of Genesis. See the preface to the book of Job, where this subject is considered.

Sighed by reason of the bondage - For the nature of their bondage, see Clarke's note on Exodus 1:14.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

A.M. cir.

2504. B.C. cir.

1500. in process.

Exodus 7:7 And Moses was fourscore years old, and Aaron fourscore and three years old, when they spoke to Pharaoh.

Acts 7:30 And when forty years were expired...

the king.

Exodus 4:19 And the LORD said to Moses in Midian, Go, return into Egypt: for all the men are dead which sought your life.

Matthew 2:19,20 But when Herod was dead, behold, an angel of the Lord appears in a dream to Joseph in Egypt...

Acts 12:23,24 And immediately the angel of the Lord smote him, because he gave not God the glory: and he was eaten of worms, and gave up the ghost...

sighed.

Genesis 16:11 And the angel of the LORD said to her, Behold, you are with child and shall bear a son, and shall call his name Ishmael...

Numbers 20:16 And when we cried to the LORD, he heard our voice, and sent an angel, and has brought us forth out of Egypt: and, behold...

Deuteronomy 26:6,7 And the Egyptians evil entreated us, and afflicted us, and laid on us hard bondage...

Psalm 12:5 For the oppression of the poor, for the sighing of the needy, now will I arise, said the LORD...

cry.

Exodus 3:7-9 And the LORD said, I have surely seen the affliction of my people which are in Egypt...

Exodus 22:22-27 You shall not afflict any widow, or fatherless child...

Genesis 4:10 And he said, What have you done? the voice of your brother's blood cries to me from the ground.

Genesis 18:20,21 And the LORD said, Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great, and because their sin is very grievous...

Deuteronomy 24:15 At his day you shall give him his hire, neither shall the sun go down on it; for he is poor, and sets his heart on it...

Judges 10:11,12 And the LORD said to the children of Israel, Did not I deliver you from the Egyptians, and from the Amorites...

Nehemiah 9:9 And did see the affliction of our fathers in Egypt, and heard their cry by the Red sea;

Psalm 18:6 In my distress I called on the LORD, and cried to my God: he heard my voice out of his temple, and my cry came before him...

Psalm 81:6,7 I removed his shoulder from the burden: his hands were delivered from the pots...

Psalm 107:19,20 Then they cry to the LORD in their trouble, and he saves them out of their distresses...

Isaiah 5:7 For the vineyard of the LORD of hosts is the house of Israel, and the men of Judah his pleasant plant: and he looked for judgment...

Isaiah 19:20 And it shall be for a sign and for a witness to the LORD of hosts in the land of Egypt...

James 5:4 Behold, the hire of the laborers who have reaped down your fields, which is of you kept back by fraud, cries...

Library
The Ark among the Flags
'And there went a man of the house of Levi, and took to wife a daughter of Levi. 2. And the woman conceived, and bare a son: and when she saw him that he was a goodly child, she hid him three months. 3. And when she could not longer hide him, she took for him an ark of bulrushes, and daubed it with slime and with pitch, and put the child therein; and she laid it in the flags by the river's brink. 4. And his sister stood afar off, to wit what would be done to him. 5. And the daughter of Pharaoh came
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

The Secret of Its Greatness
[Illustration: (drop cap G) The Great Pyramid] God always chooses the right kind of people to do His work. Not only so, He always gives to those whom He chooses just the sort of life which will best prepare them for the work He will one day call them to do. That is why God put it into the heart of Pharaoh's daughter to bring up Moses as her own son in the Egyptian palace. The most important part of Moses' training was that his heart should be right with God, and therefore he was allowed to remain
Mildred Duff—The Bible in its Making

Appendix xii. The Baptism of Proselytes
ONLY those who have made study of it can have any idea how large, and sometimes bewildering, is the literature on the subject of Jewish Proselytes and their Baptism. Our present remarks will be confined to the Baptism of Proselytes. 1. Generally, as regards proselytes (Gerim) we have to distinguish between the Ger ha-Shaar (proselyte of the gate) and Ger Toshabh (sojourner,' settled among Israel), and again the Ger hatstsedeq (proselyte of righteousness) and Ger habberith (proselyte of the covenant).
Alfred Edersheim—The Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah

Appendix ii. Philo of Alexandria and Rabbinic Theology.
(Ad. vol. i. p. 42, note 4.) In comparing the allegorical Canons of Philo with those of Jewish traditionalism, we think first of all of the seven exegetical canons which are ascribed to Hillel. These bear chiefly the character of logical deductions, and as such were largely applied in the Halakhah. These seven canons were next expanded by R. Ishmael (in the first century) into thirteen, by the analysis of one of them (the 5th) into six, and the addition of this sound exegetical rule, that where two
Alfred Edersheim—The Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah

Cross References
James 5:4
Look! The wages you failed to pay the workers who mowed your fields are crying out against you. The cries of the harvesters have reached the ears of the Lord Almighty.

Genesis 16:11
The angel of the LORD also said to her: "You are now pregnant and you will give birth to a son. You shall name him Ishmael, for the LORD has heard of your misery.

Exodus 1:14
They made their lives bitter with harsh labor in brick and mortar and with all kinds of work in the fields; in all their harsh labor the Egyptians worked them ruthlessly.

Exodus 3:7
The LORD said, "I have indeed seen the misery of my people in Egypt. I have heard them crying out because of their slave drivers, and I am concerned about their suffering.

Exodus 3:9
And now the cry of the Israelites has reached me, and I have seen the way the Egyptians are oppressing them.

Exodus 4:19
Now the LORD had said to Moses in Midian, "Go back to Egypt, for all those who wanted to kill you are dead."

Exodus 6:5
Moreover, I have heard the groaning of the Israelites, whom the Egyptians are enslaving, and I have remembered my covenant.

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