Exodus 2:23
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
During those many days the king of Egypt died, and the people of Israel groaned because of their slavery and cried out for help. Their cry for rescue from slavery came up to God.

King James Bible
And it came to pass in process of time, that the king of Egypt died: and the children of Israel sighed by reason of the bondage, and they cried, and their cry came up unto God by reason of the bondage.

American Standard Version
And it came to pass in the course of those many days, that the king of Egypt died: and the children of Israel sighed by reason of the bondage, and they cried, and their cry came up unto God by reason of the bondage.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Now after a long time the king of Egypt died: and the children of Israel groaning, cried out because of the works: and their cry went up unto God from the works.

English Revised Version
And it came to pass in the course of those many days, that the king of Egypt died: and the children of Israel sighed by reason of the bondage, and they cried, and their cry came up unto God by reason of the bondage.

Webster's Bible Translation
And it came to pass in process of time, that the king of Egypt died: and the children of Israel sighed by reason of the bondage, and they cried; and their cry ascended to God, by reason of the bondage.

Exodus 2:23 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Here Moses secured for himself a hospitable reception from a priest of Midian, and a home at his house, by doing as Jacob had formerly done (Genesis 29:10), viz., helping his daughters to water their father's sheep, and protecting them against the other shepherds. - On the form יושׁען for יושׁען vid., Genesis 19:19; and for the masculine suffixes to יגרשׁוּם and צאנם, Genesis 31:9. תּדלנה for תּדלינה, as in Job 5:12, cf. Ewald, 198a. - The flock of this priest consisted of nothing but צאן, i.e., sheep and goats (vid., Exodus 3:1). Even now there are no oxen reared upon the peninsula of Sinai, as there is not sufficient pasturage or water to be found. For the same reason there are no horses kept there, but only camels and asses (cf. Seetzen, R. iii. 100; Wellsted, R. in Arab. ii. p. 66). In Exodus 2:18 the priest is called Reguel, in Exodus 3:1 Jethro. This title, "the priest of Midian," shows that he was the spiritual head of the branch of the Midianites located there, but hardly that he was the prince or temporal head as well, like Melchizedek, as the Targumists have indicated by רבא, and as Artapanus and the poet Ezekiel distinctly affirm. The other shepherds would hardly have treated the daughters of the Emir in the manner described in Exodus 2:17. The name רעוּאל (Reguel, friend of God) indicates that this priest served the old Semitic God El (אל). This Reguel, who gave his daughter Zipporah to Moses, was unquestionably the same person as Jethro (יתרו) the חתן of Moses and priest of Midian (Exodus 3:1). Now, as Reguel's son Chobab is called Moses' חתן in Numbers 10:29 (cf. Judges 4:11), the Targumists and others supposed Reguel to be the grandfather of Zipporah, in which case אב would mean the grandfather in Exodus 2:18, and בּת the granddaughter in Exodus 2:21. This hypothesis would undoubtedly be admissible, if it were probable on other grounds. But as a comparison of Numbers 10:29 with Exodus 18 does not necessarily prove that Chobab and Jethro were the same persons, whilst Exodus 18:27 seems to lead to the very opposite conclusion, and התן, like the Greek γαμβρός, may be used for both father-in-law and brother-in-law, it would probably be more correct to regard Chobab as Moses' brother-in-law, Reguel as the proper name of his father-in-law, and Jethro, for which Jether (praestantia) is substituted in Exodus 4:18, as either a title, or the surname which showed the rank of Reguel in his tribe, like the Arabic Imam, i.e., praepositus, spec. sacrorum antistes. Ranke's opinion, that Jethro and Chobab were both of them sons of Reguel and brothers-in-law of Moses, is obviously untenable, if only on the ground that according to the analogy of Numbers 10:29 the epithet "son of Reguel" would not be omitted in Exodus 3:1.

Exodus 2:23 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

A.M. cir.

2504. B.C. cir.

1500. in process.

Exodus 7:7 And Moses was fourscore years old, and Aaron fourscore and three years old, when they spoke to Pharaoh.

Acts 7:30 And when forty years were expired...

the king.

Exodus 4:19 And the LORD said to Moses in Midian, Go, return into Egypt: for all the men are dead which sought your life.

Matthew 2:19,20 But when Herod was dead, behold, an angel of the Lord appears in a dream to Joseph in Egypt...

Acts 12:23,24 And immediately the angel of the Lord smote him, because he gave not God the glory: and he was eaten of worms, and gave up the ghost...

sighed.

Genesis 16:11 And the angel of the LORD said to her, Behold, you are with child and shall bear a son, and shall call his name Ishmael...

Numbers 20:16 And when we cried to the LORD, he heard our voice, and sent an angel, and has brought us forth out of Egypt: and, behold...

Deuteronomy 26:6,7 And the Egyptians evil entreated us, and afflicted us, and laid on us hard bondage...

Psalm 12:5 For the oppression of the poor, for the sighing of the needy, now will I arise, said the LORD...

cry.

Exodus 3:7-9 And the LORD said, I have surely seen the affliction of my people which are in Egypt...

Exodus 22:22-27 You shall not afflict any widow, or fatherless child...

Genesis 4:10 And he said, What have you done? the voice of your brother's blood cries to me from the ground.

Genesis 18:20,21 And the LORD said, Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great, and because their sin is very grievous...

Deuteronomy 24:15 At his day you shall give him his hire, neither shall the sun go down on it; for he is poor, and sets his heart on it...

Judges 10:11,12 And the LORD said to the children of Israel, Did not I deliver you from the Egyptians, and from the Amorites...

Nehemiah 9:9 And did see the affliction of our fathers in Egypt, and heard their cry by the Red sea;

Psalm 18:6 In my distress I called on the LORD, and cried to my God: he heard my voice out of his temple, and my cry came before him...

Psalm 81:6,7 I removed his shoulder from the burden: his hands were delivered from the pots...

Psalm 107:19,20 Then they cry to the LORD in their trouble, and he saves them out of their distresses...

Isaiah 5:7 For the vineyard of the LORD of hosts is the house of Israel, and the men of Judah his pleasant plant: and he looked for judgment...

Isaiah 19:20 And it shall be for a sign and for a witness to the LORD of hosts in the land of Egypt...

James 5:4 Behold, the hire of the laborers who have reaped down your fields, which is of you kept back by fraud, cries...

Cross References
James 5:4
Behold, the wages of the laborers who mowed your fields, which you kept back by fraud, are crying out against you, and the cries of the harvesters have reached the ears of the Lord of hosts.

Genesis 16:11
And the angel of the LORD said to her, "Behold, you are pregnant and shall bear a son. You shall call his name Ishmael, because the LORD has listened to your affliction.

Exodus 1:14
and made their lives bitter with hard service, in mortar and brick, and in all kinds of work in the field. In all their work they ruthlessly made them work as slaves.

Exodus 3:7
Then the LORD said, "I have surely seen the affliction of my people who are in Egypt and have heard their cry because of their taskmasters. I know their sufferings,

Exodus 3:9
And now, behold, the cry of the people of Israel has come to me, and I have also seen the oppression with which the Egyptians oppress them.

Exodus 4:19
And the LORD said to Moses in Midian, "Go back to Egypt, for all the men who were seeking your life are dead."

Exodus 6:5
Moreover, I have heard the groaning of the people of Israel whom the Egyptians hold as slaves, and I have remembered my covenant.

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