Birth of Samson, the Last Judge
1The Israelites again did what was evil in the LORD’s sight,a so the LORD handed them over to the Philistines 40 years.
2There was a certain man from Zorah,b from the family of Dan, whose name was Manoah; his wife was unable to conceive and had no children.
3The Angel of the LORD appeared to the woman and said to her, “It is true that you are unable to conceive and have no children, but you will conceive and give birth to a son.
4Now please be careful not to drink wine or beer,c or to eat anything •unclean;d
5for indeed, you will conceive and give birth to a son. You must never cut his hair,e because the boy will be a Naziritef to God from birth, and he will begin to save Israel from the power of the Philistines.”
6Then the woman went and told her husband, “A man of God came to me. He looked like the awe-inspiring Angel of God. I didn’t ask Him where He came from, and He didn’t tell me His name.
7He said to me, ‘You will conceive and give birth to a son. Therefore, do not drink wine or beer, and do not eat anything unclean, because the boy will be a Nazirite to God from birth until the day of his death.’ ”
8Manoah prayedg to the LORD and said, “Please Lord, let the man of God you sent come again to us and teach us what we should do for the boy who will be born.”
9God listenedh toi Manoah, and the Angel of God came again to the woman. She was sitting in the field, and her husband Manoah was not with her.
10The woman ran quickly to her husband and told him, “The man who came to me today has just come back! ”
11So Manoah got up and followed his wife. When he came to the man, he asked, “Are You the man who spoke to my wife? ”
“I am,” He said.
12Then Manoah asked, “When Your words come true, what will the boy’s responsibilities and missionj be? ”
13The Angel of the LORD answered Manoah, “Your wife needs to do everything I told her.
14She must not eat anything that comes from the grapevine or drink wine or beer. And she must not eat anything unclean. Your wife must do everything I have commanded her.”
15“Please stay here,” Manoah told Him, “and we will prepare a young goatk for You.”
16The Angel of the LORD said to him, “If I stay, I won’t eat your food. But if you want to prepare a •burnt offering, offer it to the LORD.” For Manoah did not know He was the Angel of the LORD.
17Then Manoah said to Him, “What is Your name, so that we may honor You when Your words come true? ”
18“Why do you ask My name,” the Angel of the LORD asked him, “since it is wonderful.”l
19Manoah took a young goat and a •grain offering and offered them on a rock to the LORD, and He did a wonderful thingm while Manoah and his wife were watching.
20When the flame went up from the altar to the sky, the Angel of the LORD went up in its flame. When Manoah and his wife saw this, they fell facedown on the ground.
21The Angel of the LORD did not appear again to Manoah and his wife. Then Manoah realized that it was the Angel of the LORD.
22“We’re going to die,” he said to his wife, “because we have seen God! ”n
23But his wife said to him, “If the LORD had intended to kill us, He wouldn’t have accepted the burnt offering and the grain offering from us, and He would not have shown us all these things or spoken to us now like this.”
24So the woman gave birth to a son and named him Samson.o The boy grew,p and the LORD blessed him.
25Then the Spirit of the LORD began to direct him in the Camp of Dan,q between Zorah and Eshtaol.r
a. 13:1 Jdg 3:12; 4:1; 10:6
b. 13:2 Jos 19:42; Jdg 13:25; 16:31; 18:2,8,11
c. 13:4 Nm 6:3
d. 13:4 Lv 7:19,21; 22:8; Dt 12:22; 14:10; 15:22; Hs 9:3-4
e. 13:5 Lit And a razor is not to go up on his head
f. 13:5 Nm 6:2
g. 13:8 Gn 25:21; Ex 10:18; Jb 33:26
h. 13:9 Gn 16:11; Ex 16:8; Dt 1:45; 33:7; Jos 10:14; Ps 27:7
i. 13:9 Lit to the voice of
j. 13:12 Lit work
k. 13:15 Gn 18:5
l. 13:18 Gn 32:29
m. 13:19 LXX reads to the Lord, to the One who works wonders
n. 13:22 Gn 33:10; Ex 24:10; 33:20; Jdg 6:22; Is 6:5
o. 13:24 Heb 11:32
p. 13:24 1Sm 3:19; Lk 1:80
q. 13:25 Or in Mahaneh-dan
r. 13:25 Jos 15:33; Jdg 16:31; 18:2,8,11; 1Ch 2:53