The Judgment of the Nations
1You nations, come here and listen;
you peoples, pay attention!a
Let the earth hear, and all that fills it,
the world and all that comes from it.b
2The LORD is angry with all the nations —
furious with all their armies.c
He will set them apart for destruction,d
giving them over to slaughter.
3Their slain will be thrown out,
and the stench of their corpses will rise;e
the mountains will flowf with their blood.g
4Allh the heavenly bodiesi will dissolve.
The skies will roll up like a scroll,j
and their stars will all wither
as leaves wither on the vine,
and foliage on the fig tree.k
The Judgment of Edom
5When My sword has drunk its filll, m in the heavens,
it will then come down on Edomn
and on the people I have •set apart for destruction.
6The LORD’s sword is covered with blood.
It drips with fat,
with the blood of lambs and goats,
with the fat of the kidneys of rams.o
For the LORD has a sacrifice in Bozrah,p
a great slaughter in the land of Edom.
7The wild oxen will be struckq down with them,
and young bulls with the mighty bulls.
Their land will be soaked withr blood,
and their soil will be saturated with fat.
8For the LORD has a day of vengeance,s
a time of paying back Edom
for its hostility against •Zion.
9Edom’s streams will be turned into pitch,
her soil into sulfur;t
her land will become burning pitch.
10It will never go out — day or night.
Its smoke will go up forever.u
It will be desolate, from generation to generation;
no one will pass through it forever and ever.v
11The desert owlw and the screech owlx will possess it,
and the great owl and the raven will dwell there.y
The LORD will stretch out a measuring line
and a plumb line over her
for her destruction and chaos.z
12No nobles will be left to proclaim a king,
and all her princes will come to nothing.
13Her palaces will be overgrown with thorns;
her fortified cities, with thistles and briers.aa
She will become a dwelling for jackals,
an abodeab for ostriches.ac
14The desert creatures will meet hyenas,
and one wild goat will call to another.
Indeed, the screech owl will stay there
and will find a resting place for herself.
15The sand partridgead will make her nest there;
she will lay and hatch her eggs
and will gather her brood under her shadow.
Indeed, the birds of prey will gather there,
each with its mate.ae
16Search and read the scroll of the LORD:af
Not one of them will be missing,
none will be lacking its mate,
because He has ordered it by myag mouth,
and He will gather them by His Spirit.
17He has ordained a lot for them;
His hand allotted their portion with a measuring line.
They will possess it forever;ah
they will dwell in it from generation to generation.
a. 34:1 Ps 49:1; Is 1:2; 41:1; 43:9; 45:20
b. 34:1 Ps 24:1; Is 6:3; 42:5
c. 34:2 Is 13:5; Jr 10:10; 50:13
d. 34:2 Jos 6:21; 1Sm 15:3; Is 11:5; 24:1,6; 43:28
e. 34:3 Is 14:21; 18:6; Ezk 39:17; Jl 2:10; Am 4:10; Rv 19:17-19
f. 34:3 Or melt, or dissolve
g. 34:3 Ps 46:2-3
h. 34:4 DSS read And the valleys will be split, and all
i. 34:4 2Kg 17:16; 21:3,5; 23:4-5
j. 34:4 Rv 6:12-14
k. 34:4 Ps 102:25-27; Is 13:10; 51:6; Ezk 32:7-8; Jl 3:15; Mt 24:29; Mk 13:24-25; 2Pt 3:10,12
l. 34:5 DSS read sword will appear
m. 34:5 Dt 32:41-43; Jr 46:10; Ezk 21:3-5
n. 34:5 Nm 20:14-21; Is 63:1; Jr 49:7-8,20; Ezk 25:12-14; 35:1-15; Jl 3:19; Am 1:11-12; Ob 1-14; Mal 1:4
o. 34:6 Is 25:6; 30:32; Jr 46:10; 51:40; Ezk 39:17; Zph 1:7-9
p. 34:6 Gn 36:33; Is 63:1; Jr 49:13,22
q. 34:7 Or will go
r. 34:7 Or will drink its fill of
s. 34:8 Is 13:6; 35:4; 47:3; 61:2; 63:4
t. 34:9 Gn 19:24; Dt 29:23; Ps 11:6; Is 30:33; Ezk 38:22
u. 34:10 Is 1:31; 66:24; Rv 14:11; 19:3
v. 34:10 Is 13:20-22; Ezk 29:11; Mal 1:3-4
w. 34:11 Or The pelican
x. 34:11 Or the hedgehog
y. 34:11 Is 13:21-22; 14:23; Zph 2:14
z. 34:11 2Kg 21:13; Is 24:10; Lm 2:8
aa. 34:13 Is 32:13
ab. 34:13 DSS, LXX, Syr, Tg; MT reads jackals, grass
ac. 34:13 Ps 44:19; Is 13:22; Jr 9:11; 10:22; Mal 1:3
ad. 34:15 Or The arrow snake, or The owl
ae. 34:15 Dt 14:13
af. 34:16 Ps 40:7; 139:16; Is 8:16; 30:8; Dn 7:10; Mal 3:16; Rv 20:12
ag. 34:16 Some Hb mss; other Hb mss, DSS, Syr, Tg read His
ah. 34:17 Nm 24:18