Psalm 10:7
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
His mouth is filled with cursing and deceit and oppression; under his tongue are mischief and iniquity.

King James Bible
His mouth is full of cursing and deceit and fraud: under his tongue is mischief and vanity.

American Standard Version
His mouth is full of cursing and deceit and oppression: Under his tongue is mischief and iniquity.

Douay-Rheims Bible
His mouth is full of cursing, and of bitterness, and of deceit: under his tongue are labour and sorrow.

English Revised Version
His mouth is full of cursing and deceit and oppression: under his tongue is mischief and iniquity.

Webster's Bible Translation
His mouth is full of cursing and deceit and fraud: under his tongue is mischief and vanity.

Psalm 10:7 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The Psalm opens with the plaintive inquiry, why Jahve tarries in the deliverance of His oppressed people. It is not a complaining murmuring at the delay that is expressed by the question, but an ardent desire that God may not delay to act as it becomes His nature and His promise. למּה, which belongs to both members of the sentence, has the accent on the ultima, as e.g., before עזבתּני in Psalm 22:2, and before הרעתה in Exodus 5:22, in order that neither of the two gutturals, pointed with a, should be lost to the ear in rapid speaking (vid., on Psalm 3:8, and Luzzatto on Isaiah 11:2, נחה עליו).

(Note: According to the Masora למּה without Dag. is always Milra with the single exception of Job 7:20, and ימּה with Dag. is Milel; but, when the following closely connected word begins with one of the letters אהע it becomes Milra, with five exceptions, viz., Psalm 49:6; 1 Samuel 28:15; 2 Samuel 14:31 (three instances in which the guttural of the second word has the vowel i), and 2 Samuel 2:22, and Jeremiah 15:18. In the Babylonian system of pointing, למה is always written without Dag. and with the accent on the penultimate, vid., Pinsker, Einleitung in das Babylonish-hebrishce Punktationssystem, S. 182-184.)

For according to the primitive pronunciation (even before the Masoretic) it is to be read: lam h Adonaj; so that consequently ה and א are coincident. The poet asks why in the present hopeless condition of affairs (on בצּרה vid., on Psalm 9:10) Jahve stands in the distance (בּרחוק, only here, instead of מרחוק), as an idle spectator, and why does He cover (תּעלּים with orthophonic Dagesh, in order that it may not be pronounced תּעלים), viz., His eyes, so as not to see the desperate condition of His people, or also His ears (Lamentations 3:56) so as not to hear their supplication. For by the insolent treatment of the ungodly the poor burns with fear (Ges., Stier, Hupf.), not vexation (Hengst.). The assault is a πύρωσις, 1 Peter 4:12. The verb דּלק which calls to mind דּלּקת, πυρετός, is perhaps chosen with reference to the heat of feeling under oppression, which is the result of the persecution, of the (בּו) דּלק אחריו of the ungodly. There is no harshness in the transition from the singular to the plural, because עני and רשׁע are individualising designations of two different classes of men. The subject to יתּפשׁוּ is the עניּים, and the subject to חשׁבוּ is the רשׁעים. The futures describe what usually takes place. Those who, apart from this, are afflicted are held ensnared in the crafty and malicious devices which the ungodly have contrived and plotted against them, without being able to disentangle themselves. The punctuation, which places Tarcha by זוּ, mistakes the relative and interprets it: "in the plots there, which they have devised."

Psalm 10:7 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

full

Psalm 59:12 For the sin of their mouth and the words of their lips let them even be taken in their pride: and for cursing and lying which they speak...

Psalm 62:4 They only consult to cast him down from his excellency: they delight in lies: they bless with their mouth, but they curse inwardly...

Romans 3:14 Whose mouth is full of cursing and bitterness:

and deceit. Heb. deceits

Psalm 5:9 For there is no faithfulness in their mouth; their inward part is very wickedness; their throat is an open sepulcher...

Psalm 7:14 Behold, he travails with iniquity, and has conceived mischief, and brought forth falsehood.

Psalm 36:3 The words of his mouth are iniquity and deceit: he has left off to be wise, and to do good.

Psalm 52:4 You love all devouring words, O you deceitful tongue.

Psalm 55:21 The words of his mouth were smoother than butter, but war was in his heart: his words were softer than oil, yet were they drawn swords.

Psalm 58:3 The wicked are estranged from the womb: they go astray as soon as they be born, speaking lies.

Psalm 64:3 Who whet their tongue like a sword, and bend their bows to shoot their arrows, even bitter words:

Isaiah 59:4 None calls for justice, nor any pleads for truth: they trust in vanity, and speak lies; they conceive mischief...

Jeremiah 9:3,6 And they bend their tongues like their bow for lies: but they are not valiant for the truth on the earth...

Romans 3:13 Their throat is an open sepulcher; with their tongues they have used deceit; the poison of asps is under their lips:

under

Job 20:12 Though wickedness be sweet in his mouth, though he hide it under his tongue;

mischief

Psalm 7:14 Behold, he travails with iniquity, and has conceived mischief, and brought forth falsehood.

Psalm 140:9 As for the head of those that compass me about, let the mischief of their own lips cover them.

Job 15:35 They conceive mischief, and bring forth vanity, and their belly prepares deceit.

Matthew 12:34 O generation of vipers, how can you, being evil, speak good things? for out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaks.

James 3:6-8 And the tongue is a fire, a world of iniquity: so is the tongue among our members, that it defiles the whole body...

vanity. or, iniquity

Psalm 12:2 They speak vanity every one with his neighbor: with flattering lips and with a double heart do they speak.

Psalm 41:6 And if he come to see me, he speaks vanity: his heart gathers iniquity to itself; when he goes abroad, he tells it.

Psalm 144:8,11 Whose mouth speaks vanity, and their right hand is a right hand of falsehood...

Proverbs 21:6 The getting of treasures by a lying tongue is a vanity tossed to and fro of them that seek death.

Proverbs 30:8 Remove far from me vanity and lies: give me neither poverty nor riches; feed me with food convenient for me:

Cross References
Romans 3:14
"Their mouth is full of curses and bitterness."

Job 20:12
"Though evil is sweet in his mouth, though he hides it under his tongue,

Psalm 10:14
But you do see, for you note mischief and vexation, that you may take it into your hands; to you the helpless commits himself; you have been the helper of the fatherless.

Psalm 12:2
Everyone utters lies to his neighbor; with flattering lips and a double heart they speak.

Psalm 36:3
The words of his mouth are trouble and deceit; he has ceased to act wisely and do good.

Psalm 50:19
"You give your mouth free rein for evil, and your tongue frames deceit.

Psalm 55:11
ruin is in its midst; oppression and fraud do not depart from its marketplace.

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