New American Standard Bible
His mouth is full of curses and deceit and oppression; Under his tongue is mischief and wickedness.
King James Bible
His mouth is full of cursing and deceit and fraud: under his tongue is mischief and vanity.
Darby Bible Translation
His mouth is full of cursing, and deceit, and oppression; under his tongue is mischief and iniquity.
World English Bible
His mouth is full of cursing, deceit, and oppression. Under his tongue is mischief and iniquity.
Young's Literal Translation
Of oaths his mouth is full, And deceits, and fraud: Under his tongue is perverseness and iniquity,
Psalm 10:7 Parallel
CommentaryBarnes' Notes on the Bible
His mouth is full of cursing - Profaneness; blasphemy against God. In the former verse the writer had described the feelings of the "heart;" he now proceeds to specify the open acts of the wicked. The meaning is, that the wicked man, as here described, was one who was full of imprecation, swearing, execration; a "profane" man; a man who, whatever was his belief about God, would constantly call upon his name, and imprecate his wrath on himself or others. An atheist, strange as it may seem, is as likely to make a frequent use of the name of God, and to call upon Him, as other people; just as profane people, who have no belief in the Saviour, swear by Jesus Christ. This passage seems to be referred to by the apostle Paul in Romans 3:14, not as a direct quotation, as if the psalmist referred to the point which he was arguing, but as language which expressed the idea that the apostle wished to convey. See the note at that passage.
And deceit - Margin, as in Hebrew, "deceits." The meaning is, that he was false and treacherous; and perhaps also that his treachery and fraud were accompanied with the solemn sanction of an oath, or an appeal to God, as is likely to be the case among fraudulent and dishonest people.
And fraud - The word used here - תך tôk - is now commonly supposed to mean rather "oppression or violence." See Gesenius' Lexicon. When this is attributed to his mouth, it means that what he says - what he requires - what he commands, is unjust, unreasonable, and oppressive.
Under his tongue - Perhaps alluding to the serpent, whose poison is concealed at the root of the fang or tooth, and therefore under the tongue. The meaning is, that beneath what the wicked say, though it seems to be harmless, as the tongue of the serpent does, yet there lies mischief and iniquity, as the poison is hidden beneath the serpent's tongue.
Is mischief - The word used here means properly labor, toil; then trouble, vexation, sorrow. The meaning here seems to be that there lies under the tongue that which gives or causes distress; to wit, wrong-doing; injustice to others.
And vanity - Margin, iniquity. This expresses the idea in the original word. Whatever he says is evil, and is fitted to produce trouble and sorrow, as the concealed poison in the mouth of the serpent causes pain and death.
I, Jerome,  son of Eusebius, of the city of Strido, which is on the border of Dalmatia and Pannonia and was overthrown by the Goths, up to the present year, that is, the fourteenth of the Emperor Theodosius, have written the following: Life of Paul the monk, one book of Letters to different persons, an Exhortation to Heliodorus, Controversy of Luciferianus and Orthodoxus, Chronicle of universal history, 28 homilies of Origen on Jeremiah and Ezekiel, which I translated from Greek into Latin, …
Various—Jerome and Gennadius Lives of Illustrious Men.
These Things, My Brother Aurelius, Most Dear unto Me...
The Desire of the Righteous Granted;
"WHOSE MOUTH IS FULL OF CURSING AND BITTERNESS";
"Though evil is sweet in his mouth And he hides it under his tongue,
You have seen it, for You have beheld mischief and vexation to take it into Your hand. The unfortunate commits himself to You; You have been the helper of the orphan.
They speak falsehood to one another; With flattering lips and with a double heart they speak.
The words of his mouth are wickedness and deceit; He has ceased to be wise and to do good.
"You let your mouth loose in evil And your tongue frames deceit.
Destruction is in her midst; Oppression and deceit do not depart from her streets.
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