Job 34:25
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Thus, knowing their works, he overturns them in the night, and they are crushed.

King James Bible
Therefore he knoweth their works, and he overturneth them in the night, so that they are destroyed.

American Standard Version
Therefore he taketh knowledge of their works; And he overturneth them in the night, so that they are destroyed.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For he knoweth their works : and therefore he shall bring night on them, and they shall be destroyed.

English Revised Version
Therefore he taketh knowledge of their works; and he overturneth them in the night, so that they are destroyed.

Webster's Bible Translation
Therefore he knoweth their works, and he overturneth them in the night, so that they are destroyed.

Job 34:25 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The interrogative ה is joined to the inf., not, however, as Job 40:2 (num litigare cum Deo castigator, scil. vult), with the inf. absol., but with the inf. constr.; the form אמר for אמר occurs also in Proverbs 25:7, and is also otherwise not rare, especially in combination with particles, e.g., בּאכל, Numbers 26:10, Olsh. 160, b.

(Note: Ezekiel 25:8 is also to be read אמר according to the Masora and old editions (as אבד Deuteronomy 7:20, אכל Deuteronomy 12:23, אחז 1 Kings 6:6), for distinction from the imperatives, which have Chateph-Segol.)

It is unnecessary to suppose that the inf. constr., which sometimes, although rarely, does occur (Ges. 131, rem. 2), is used here instead of the inf. absol.; it is thus, as after טּוב, e.g., Judges 9:2 (המשׁל), Proverbs 24:7; Psalm 133:1, and Psalm 40:6 after אין, used as n. actionis, since ha in a pregnant sense is equivalent to num licet (הטוב), if one does not prefer, with Olsh., to suppose an aposiopesis: "(dare one be so bold as) to say to a king: Thou worthless one! Thou evil-doer! to princes?" The reading האמר is an unnecessary lightening of the difficulty. It were a crimen laesae, if one reproached a king with being unjust, and therefore thereby denied him the most essential requisite of a ruler; and now even Him (Merc. correctly supplies tanto minus ei) who does not give the preference to the person (נשׂא פּני as Job 13:8; Job 32:21) of princes, and does not (with preference) regard (on נכּר vid., on Job 21:29, also here Piel, and according to the statement of the Masora, Milel, for an acknowledged reason which can be maintained even in remarkable instances, like Deuteronomy 10:5 in ויהיו, Ezekiel 32:26 in מחללי, whereas 1 Samuel 23:7 is Milra) the rich before (לפני in the sense of prae) the poor! therefore the King of kings, who makes no partial distinction, because the king and the beggar are the work of His hands: they stand equally near to Him as being His creatures, and He is exalted above both alike as their Creator, this order and partiality are excluded; - what a nota bene against the doctrine of the decretum absolutum, which makes the love of the Creator a partial love, and turns this love, which in its very nature is perfect love, into caprice! In Job 34:20 Elihu appeals to human history in favour of this impartiality of the Ruler of the world. It may there appear as though God with partiality suffered rulers and peoples in authority in the world to do as they please; but suddenly they die away, and in fact in the middle of the night (here Mercha-mahpach), the individuals of a great people (thus must עם be understood in accordance with the prominently-placed plur. predicate, Ges. 146, 1) tremble and perish; and they remove (ויסירוּ instead of the passive, as Job 4:20 and frequently) the mighty - לא־ביד. It is not the hand of man which does this, but an invisible higher power (which, if it is called yd, only bears this name per anthropomorphismum); comp. Daniel 2:34, לא בידין; Daniel 8:25, בּאפס יד; and also Job 20:26, like the New Testament use of ου ̓ χειροποίητος. The subj. of Job 34:20 are the previously mentioned princes. The division according to the accents may be received with hesitation, since the symmetry of the sticks, which it restores, is not unfrequently wanting in the Elihu section. Job 34:20 refers back to the possessors of power, and in the interval, Job 34:20 describes the fate of those who belong to the people which has become subservient to their lust of conquest, for עם cannot signify "in crowds" (Ew., Hahn); it is therefore, and especially when mentioned as here between princes and rulers, the people, and in fact, in distinction from gwy, the people together forming a state.

Job 34:25 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

he knoweth

Psalm 33:15 He fashions their hearts alike; he considers all their works.

Isaiah 66:18 For I know their works and their thoughts: it shall come, that I will gather all nations and tongues; and they shall come...

Hosea 7:2 And they consider not in their hearts that I remember all their wickedness: now their own doings have beset them about...

Amos 8:7 The LORD has sworn by the excellency of Jacob, Surely I will never forget any of their works.

Revelation 20:12 And I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God; and the books were opened: and another book was opened...

in the

Job 34:20 In a moment shall they die, and the people shall be troubled at midnight, and pass away...

Songs 3:8 They all hold swords, being expert in war: every man has his sword on his thigh because of fear in the night.

Isaiah 15:1 The burden of Moab. Because in the night Ar of Moab is laid waste, and brought to silence...

1 Thessalonians 5:2 For yourselves know perfectly that the day of the Lord so comes as a thief in the night.

destroyed. Heb. crushed

Cross References
Job 34:11
For according to the work of a man he will repay him, and according to his ways he will make it befall him.

Job 34:20
In a moment they die; at midnight the people are shaken and pass away, and the mighty are taken away by no human hand.

Job 36:20
Do not long for the night, when peoples vanish in their place.

Job 38:13
that it might take hold of the skirts of the earth, and the wicked be shaken out of it?

Proverbs 12:7
The wicked are overthrown and are no more, but the house of the righteous will stand.

Jump to Previous
Actions Bruised Crushed Deeds Destroyed Night Note Overthroweth Overthrows Overturned Overturneth Overturning Overturns Works
Jump to Next
Actions Bruised Crushed Deeds Destroyed Night Note Overthroweth Overthrows Overturned Overturneth Overturning Overturns Works
Links
Job 34:25 NIV
Job 34:25 NLT
Job 34:25 ESV
Job 34:25 NASB
Job 34:25 KJV

Job 34:25 Bible Apps
Job 34:25 Biblia Paralela
Job 34:25 Chinese Bible
Job 34:25 French Bible
Job 34:25 German Bible

Bible Hub

ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
Job 34:24
Top of Page
Top of Page