Job 34:24
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
He shatters the mighty without investigation and sets others in their place.

King James Bible
He shall break in pieces mighty men without number, and set others in their stead.

American Standard Version
He breaketh in pieces mighty men in ways past finding out, And setteth others in their stead.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He shall break in pieces many and innumerable, and shall make others to stand in their stead.

English Revised Version
He breaketh in pieces mighty men in ways past finding out, and setteth others in their stead.

Webster's Bible Translation
He shall break in pieces mighty men without number, and set others in their stead.

Job 34:24 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The interrogative ה is joined to the inf., not, however, as Job 40:2 (num litigare cum Deo castigator, scil. vult), with the inf. absol., but with the inf. constr.; the form אמר for אמר occurs also in Proverbs 25:7, and is also otherwise not rare, especially in combination with particles, e.g., בּאכל, Numbers 26:10, Olsh. 160, b.

(Note: Ezekiel 25:8 is also to be read אמר according to the Masora and old editions (as אבד Deuteronomy 7:20, אכל Deuteronomy 12:23, אחז 1 Kings 6:6), for distinction from the imperatives, which have Chateph-Segol.)

It is unnecessary to suppose that the inf. constr., which sometimes, although rarely, does occur (Ges. 131, rem. 2), is used here instead of the inf. absol.; it is thus, as after טּוב, e.g., Judges 9:2 (המשׁל), Proverbs 24:7; Psalm 133:1, and Psalm 40:6 after אין, used as n. actionis, since ha in a pregnant sense is equivalent to num licet (הטוב), if one does not prefer, with Olsh., to suppose an aposiopesis: "(dare one be so bold as) to say to a king: Thou worthless one! Thou evil-doer! to princes?" The reading האמר is an unnecessary lightening of the difficulty. It were a crimen laesae, if one reproached a king with being unjust, and therefore thereby denied him the most essential requisite of a ruler; and now even Him (Merc. correctly supplies tanto minus ei) who does not give the preference to the person (נשׂא פּני as Job 13:8; Job 32:21) of princes, and does not (with preference) regard (on נכּר vid., on Job 21:29, also here Piel, and according to the statement of the Masora, Milel, for an acknowledged reason which can be maintained even in remarkable instances, like Deuteronomy 10:5 in ויהיו, Ezekiel 32:26 in מחללי, whereas 1 Samuel 23:7 is Milra) the rich before (לפני in the sense of prae) the poor! therefore the King of kings, who makes no partial distinction, because the king and the beggar are the work of His hands: they stand equally near to Him as being His creatures, and He is exalted above both alike as their Creator, this order and partiality are excluded; - what a nota bene against the doctrine of the decretum absolutum, which makes the love of the Creator a partial love, and turns this love, which in its very nature is perfect love, into caprice! In Job 34:20 Elihu appeals to human history in favour of this impartiality of the Ruler of the world. It may there appear as though God with partiality suffered rulers and peoples in authority in the world to do as they please; but suddenly they die away, and in fact in the middle of the night (here Mercha-mahpach), the individuals of a great people (thus must עם be understood in accordance with the prominently-placed plur. predicate, Ges. 146, 1) tremble and perish; and they remove (ויסירוּ instead of the passive, as Job 4:20 and frequently) the mighty - לא־ביד. It is not the hand of man which does this, but an invisible higher power (which, if it is called yd, only bears this name per anthropomorphismum); comp. Daniel 2:34, לא בידין; Daniel 8:25, בּאפס יד; and also Job 20:26, like the New Testament use of ου ̓ χειροποίητος. The subj. of Job 34:20 are the previously mentioned princes. The division according to the accents may be received with hesitation, since the symmetry of the sticks, which it restores, is not unfrequently wanting in the Elihu section. Job 34:20 refers back to the possessors of power, and in the interval, Job 34:20 describes the fate of those who belong to the people which has become subservient to their lust of conquest, for עם cannot signify "in crowds" (Ew., Hahn); it is therefore, and especially when mentioned as here between princes and rulers, the people, and in fact, in distinction from gwy, the people together forming a state.

Job 34:24 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

break

Job 19:2 How long will you vex my soul, and break me in pieces with words?

Psalm 2:9 You shall break them with a rod of iron; you shall dash them in pieces like a potter's vessel.

Psalm 72:4 He shall judge the poor of the people, he shall save the children of the needy, and shall break in pieces the oppressor.

Psalm 94:5 They break in pieces your people, O LORD, and afflict your heritage.

Jeremiah 51:20-23 You are my battle ax and weapons of war: for with you will I break in pieces the nations, and with you will I destroy kingdoms...

Daniel 2:21,34,35,44,45 And he changes the times and the seasons: he removes kings, and sets up kings: he gives wisdom to the wise...

number. Heb. searching out. set

1 Samuel 2:30-36 Why the LORD God of Israel said, I said indeed that your house, and the house of your father, should walk before me for ever...

1 Samuel 15:28 And Samuel said to him, The LORD has rent the kingdom of Israel from you this day, and has given it to a neighbor of yours...

1 Kings 14:7,8,14 Go, tell Jeroboam, Thus said the LORD God of Israel, For as much as I exalted you from among the people...

Psalm 113:7,8 He raises up the poor out of the dust, and lifts the needy out of the dunghill...

Daniel 5:28-31 PERES; Your kingdom is divided, and given to the Medes and Persians...

Cross References
Leviticus 19:20
"If a man lies sexually with a woman who is a slave, assigned to another man and not yet ransomed or given her freedom, a distinction shall be made. They shall not be put to death, because she was not free;

Job 12:19
He leads priests away stripped and overthrows the mighty.

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