He is like a man which built an house, and dig deep, and laid the foundation on a rock: and when the flood arose, the stream beat vehemently on that house, and could not shake it: for it was founded on a rock.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)When the flood arose.—Here we have some-what less fulness of detail than in St. Matthew’s mention of “the rain” and the “wind,” as well as the rivers or streams. The word rendered “flood” referred primarily to the “sea,” but had been transferred to the movement of any large body of water.
And could not shake it.—Better, and had no power to shake it. Somewhat stronger than the form in St. Matthew, which simply states the result, “it fell not.” Here the result of the “digging deep” to the rock-foundation was that the house was not even “shaken.”
For it was founded upon a rock.—The better MSS. give, because it had been well built, the verse having apparently been altered in later MSS. to bring it into agreement with St. Matthew.Matthew 7:21-27. See Poole on "Luke 6:46"
and digged deep, and laid the foundation on a rock; that is, he dug deep in the earth, till he came at a rock, and there, and then, he laid the foundation of his house; in which he acted the part of a wise man, as he is called in Matthew: so a sensible sinner, desirous of building his soul, and the salvation of it, on a sure bottom, digs deep into the Scriptures, diligently searches them, till he finds out the scheme of salvation by Christ; which lies deep in God's counsel and covenant, was ordained before the world began, and was hid in God till revealed in the Gospel: and finding Christ to be the rock of ages, in whom is everlasting strength, and the foundation which God has laid, nor is there another; he makes use of him as such, and builds the hope of his eternal salvation on him:
and when the flood arose; an inundation, a multitude of waters, the swelling of the sea; or rather "when it was tide", as the word here used signifies (k):
the stream beat vehemently upon the house; or the river, up which the tide came, dashed and broke against it; by which may be signified the temptations of Satan, the persecutions of the world, the corruptions of men's hearts, and the errors and heresies of false teachers:
and could not shake it; as none of these can so shake as to move a soul, thus built on Christ, off of him the foundation:He is like a man which built an house, and digged deep, and laid the foundation on a rock: and when the flood arose, the stream beat vehemently upon that house, and could not shake it: for it was founded upon a rock.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)Luke 6:48. ἔσκαψε καὶ ἐβάθυνε, dug, and kept deepening. A Hebraism, say Grotius and others = dug deeply. But Raphel produces an example from Xenophon of the same construction: σαφηνίζει τε καὶ ἀληθεύει for ἀληθῶς σαφηνίζει (Oeconomici, cap. xx.).—πλημμύρης (from πίμπλημι, ἅπ. λεγ. in N.T.), a flood, “the sudden rush of a spate,” Farrar (C. G. T.); “Hochwasser,” Weizsäcker. προσέρρηξεν, broke against, here and in Luke 6:49 only, in N. T.48. he is like a man which built a house, and digged deep, and laid the foundation on a rock] The E.V. here loses all the picturesque force of the original. Rather, he is like a man building a house, who dug, and kept deepening, and laid a foundation on the rock. The rock is Christ and the teaching of Christ (1 Corinthians 10:4). Whether tested by flood, or by fire (1 Corinthians 3:11-15), only the genuine building stands. In another sense, too, “the wicked are overthrown, and are not: but the house of the righteous shall stand,” Proverbs 12:7.
the flood] Rather, an inundation; the sudden rush of a spait.
for it was founded upon a rock] Rather, for it had been founded upon the rock. In some MSS. (א, L) we find, instead of this clause, “because it was well built”Luke 6:48. Θεμέλιον, foundation) viz. an artificial one: a rock, a natural one. To the former is opposed the absence of a foundation (Luke 6:49, χωρὶς θεμελίου): to the latter, the mere earth (τὴν γῆν).—οὐκ ἴσχυσε σαλεῦσαι, was not able to shake it) much less to destroy it.
The A. V. regards the two words as a strong expression of a single idea; but the idea is twofold: he dug (through the sand), and deepened down into the solid rock. So Rev., rightly, he digged and went deep.
The flood (πλημμύρας)
There is no article: a flood. The word occurs in Luke only, and only in this passage. As a medical term it is used of excess of fluids in the body: flooding.
Beat vehemently (προσέῤῥηξεν)
Rev., more literally, brake. Used by physicians of a rupture of the veins. It occurs only here and Luke 6:49. Matthew has προσέκοψαν, beat.
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