Whoever shall fall on that stone shall be broken; but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)Whosoever shall fall upon that stone.—See Note on Matthew 21:44. The verse, which is omitted by many of the best MSS. in St. Matthew, is found in all MSS. of St. Luke. If we were to receive it, on this evidence, as belonging strictly to the latter Gospel only, the Greek word for “bruised” might take its place among those classical, or perhaps quasi-medical, terms characteristic of St. Luke. (See Note on Luke 20:12, and Introduction.)Matthew 21:33-45. See Poole on "Luke 20:9"
but on whomsoever it shall fall; as it did with its full weight upon the Jews at their destruction, and as it will upon all Christless sinners at the last day:
it will grind him to powder; the ruin of such will be unavoidable, and there will be no recovery; See Gill on Matthew 21:44.Whosoever shall fall upon that stone shall be broken; but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)Luke 20:18 points out the bearing of the turn in the fortunes of the “Stone” on the fate of those who rejected Him. The thought is based on Daniel 2:35. It is not in Mk., and it is a doubtful reading in Mt. It may have been a comment on the oracle from the Psalter suggested to believing minds by the tragic fate of the Jews. They first stumbled on the stone, then the stone fell on them with crushing judicial effect.18. shall fall upon that stone] as the Jews did from the first, 1 Corinthians 1:23. See Isaiah 8:14-15.
shall be broken] Literally, “shall be sorely bruised.”
it shall fall] as it did on the finally impenitent Jews after Christ’s Ascension.
it will grind him to powder] Literally, “it shall winnow him” (Jeremiah 31:10), with obvious reference to the great Image which ‘the stone cut without hands’ smote and broke to pieces, so that its fragments became “like the chaff of the summer threshingfloor, and the wind carried them away,” Daniel 2:35.Luke 20:18. Ἐκεῖνον) that great stone, of which the prediction had been given long ago in the Psalm.
Rev., rightly, broken to pieces. See on Matthew 21:44.
Grind him to powder (λικμήσει)
See on Matthew 21:44
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