Luke 10:6
And if the son of peace be there, your peace shall rest on it: if not, it shall turn to you again.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)
10:1-16 Christ sent the seventy disciples, two and two, that they might strengthen and encourage one another. The ministry of the gospel calls men to receive Christ as a Prince and a Saviour; and he will surely come in the power of his Spirit to all places whither he sends his faithful servants. But the doom of those who receive the grace of God in vain, will be very fearful Those who despise the faithful ministers of Christ, who think meanly of them, and look scornfully upon them, will be reckoned as despisers of God and Christ.The son of peace - That is, if the "house" or "family" be "worthy," or be disposed to receive you in "peace" and kindness. See Matthew 10:13. "The son of peace" means one "disposed" to peace, or peaceful and kind in his disposition. Compare Matthew 1:1. 3-12. (See on [1625]Mt 10:7-16). See Poole on "Luke 10:5" And if the son of peace be there,.... If there be any elect person or persons in the house, whom God has chosen to partake of peace by the blood of Christ, and the benefits arising from it; and of a conscience peace in their souls, upon the best foundation; and of eternal peace in the world to come, though yet in a state of nature; and which may be known by this sign;

your peace shall rest upon it: the salutation, or wish of peace, shall be well taken, and gratefully received; and upon this you will be kindly invited into the house, and used well by, those of the family;

if not, it shall turn to you again: if there are no sons of peace, no elect persons there, your salutation, or wish of peace and prosperity to the family, will be despised and rejected, and will return to you without any good effect upon them.

And if {b} the son of peace be there, your peace shall rest upon it: if not, it shall turn to you again.

(b) So say the Hebrews: that is, he that favours the doctrine of peace and embraces it.

EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)
Luke 10:6. ἐπαναπαήσεται ([98] [99]), a form of the 2nd fut. ind. passive, probably belonging to the spoken Greek of the period. Again in Revelation 14:13.—ἀνακάμψει: in any case the good wish will not be lost. If there be no “son of peace” in the house to receive it, it will come back with a blessing to the man who uttered it.

[98] Codex Sinaiticus (sæc. iv.), now at St. Petersburg, published in facsimile type by its discoverer, Tischendorf, in 1862.

[99] Codex Vaticanus (sæc. iv.), published in photographic facsimile in 1889 under the care of the Abbate Cozza-Luzi.6. the son of peace] Rather, a son of peace, i.e. a man of peaceful heart. Comp. for the phrase Luke 16:8, Luke 20:36; John 17:12; Ephesians 5:6; Ephesians 5:8.

it shall turn to you again] Matthew 10:13. “My prayer returned into mine own bosom,” Psalm 35:13.Luke 10:6. Ὁ υἱὸς εἰρήνης) If there be there one who is a son of peace, one worthy of peace.—ἐπαναπαύσεται, shall rest) in such a way as that you shall sensibly perceive it. As to the term, comp. 1 Peter 4:14. Peace, when once it has gone out, does not cease to seek until it has found a place wherein it may stay.—ἐπʼ αὐτὸν) This may be referred to υἱὸν εἰρήνης primarily, to οἶκον by implication.[92]

[92] ‘Participativè,’ in the way of participation. Vulg. has in some MSS. “super illum;” in others, “super illam.”—ED. and TRANSL.Verse 6. - The son of peace. An Aramaic (Hebrew) expression. Although the language here is pure and fairly classical Greek, yet the presence of such expressions as this shows that the basis of this part of St. Luke's narrative was probably an Aramaic document. If a son of peace be there

So Rev. A Hebraism, referring to the character of the head of the house, and the tone of the household. Compare Job 21:9.

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