Leviticus 7:13
Besides the cakes, he shall offer for his offering leavened bread with the sacrifice of thanksgiving of his peace offerings.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)
(13) Besides the cakes.—That is, the thirty un leavened cakes which were made of half of the quantity of the flour brought by the offerer, as described in the previous verse, the ten leavened cakes made of the other half of the flour are to be brought. These had all to be baked before the victim was slaughtered. The only other occasion when leavened bread formed part of the offering was on Pentecost (Leviticus 23:17); but no portion of it was burnt on the altar as a memorial, for leaven was forbidden to be on the altar. (See Leviticus 2:11-12.)

Leviticus 7:13. Leavened bread — Because this was a sacrifice of another kind than those in which leaven was forbidden, this being a sacrifice of thanksgiving for God’s blessings, among which leavened bread was one.

Leaven indeed was universally forbidden, Leviticus 2:11; but that prohibition concerned only things offered and burned upon the altar, which this bread was not.7:11-27 As to the peace-offerings, in the expression of their sense of mercy, God left them more at liberty, than in the expression of their sense of sin; that their sacrifices, being free-will offerings, might be the more acceptable, while, by obliging them to bring the sacrifices of atonement, God shows the necessity of the great Propitiation. The main reason why blood was forbidden of old, was because the Lord had appointed blood for an atonement. This use, being figurative, had its end in Christ, who by his death and blood-shedding caused the sacrifices to cease. Therefore this law is not now in force on believers.For his offering - The leavened bread was a distinct offering. 11-14. this is the law of the sacrifice of peace offerings—Besides the usual accompaniments of other sacrifices, leavened bread was offered with the peace offerings, as a thanksgiving, such bread being common at feasts. Leavened bread; partly, because this was a sacrifice of another kind than those in which leaven was forbidden, this being a sacrifice of thanksgiving for God’s blessings, among which leavened bread was one; partly, to show that leaven was not so strictly forbidden in other sacrifices, as if it were evil in itself, but to teach us wholly to rest in the will of God in all his appointments, without too scrupulous an inquiry into the particular reasons of them.

Object. Leaven was universally forbidden, Leviticus 2:11.

Answ. 1. That prohibition concerned only things offered and burnt upon the altar, which this bread was not, but it was offered only towards the priest’s food.

2. That was another kind of sacrifice, and therefore it is no wonder if it had other rites.

3. That leaven was not universally forbidden appears from Leviticus 23:17.

With the sacrifice of thanksgiving of his peace-offerings, or, with the sacrifice of thanksgiving for his peace or prosperity. Besides the cakes,.... The unleavened cakes, and the unleavened wafers, and the fried cakes; or with these, as Aben Ezra and Abendana interpret it:

he shall offer for his offering leavened bread, with the sacrifice of thanksgiving of his peace offerings; not that this was offered upon the altar, for all leaven was forbidden there, Leviticus 2:11 but it was given to the priest, that he might have change of bread, and such as was agreeable to him, to eat with the flesh of the peace offerings he had a share of, and to the owners also; and the whole of this consisted of ten cakes likewise, as will appear by what Maimonides (g) says; he (the offerer) takes twenty tenths of fine flour, and makes ten leavened, and ten unleavened; the ten leavened he makes into ten cakes, and the ten unleavened he makes of them eighty cakes alike, ten cakes of every sort, ten cakes baked in an oven, ten cakes wafers, and ten cakes slightly baked.

(g) Maaseh Hakorbanot, c. 9. sect. 17, 18, 21.

Besides the cakes, he shall offer for his offering leavened bread with the sacrifice of thanksgiving of his peace offerings.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)
13. With cakes of leavened bread he shall offer his oblation] The cakes described in Leviticus 7:12 form the oblation; besides these he is to bring leavened cakes, which are not intended for the altar (see Leviticus 2:11) but are similar in character to the offering mentioned in Leviticus 2:12. According to Amos 4:5, leaven was brought with a thanksgiving offering, and the two wave loaves offered at the Feast of Weeks (Leviticus 23:17) were ‘baken with leaven.’ If ‘with’ (i.e. the first ‘al of Leviticus 7:13 in the passage from Wellh. quoted above), be omitted, then the rendering would be ‘cakes of leavened bread shall he bring as his oblation in addition to the sacrifice of his peace offerings for thanksgiving,’ and ‘his oblation’ would then refer to the leavened cakes of Leviticus 7:13. The same reference is made in the rendering of A.V., but it is doubtful whether ‘besides the cakes’ can be taken as a translation of the existing Mass. text.The fat portions only were to be burned upon the altar, viz., the same as in the sin and peace-offerings (see Leviticus 4:8 and Leviticus 3:9); but the flesh was to be eaten by the priests, as in the sin-offering (Leviticus 6:22), inasmuch as there was the same law in this respect for both the sin-offering and trespass-offering; and these parts of the sacrificial service must therefore have had the same meaning, every trespass being a sin (see Leviticus 6:26). - Certain analogous instructions respecting the burnt-offering and meat-offering are appended in Leviticus 7:8-10 by way of supplement, as they ought properly to have been given in ch. 6, in the laws relating to the sacrifices in question.
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