Jeremiah 52:19
And the basins, and the fire pans, and the bowls, and the caldrons, and the candlesticks, and the spoons, and the cups; that which was of gold in gold, and that which was of silver in silver, took the captain of the guard away.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)
52:12-23 The Chaldean army made woful havoc. But nothing is so particularly related here, as the carrying away of the articles in the temple. The remembrance of their beauty and value shows us the more the evil of sin.Husbandmen - Men who tilled little plots of ground with the mattock. 19. of gold in gold—implying that the articles were of solid gold and silver respectively, not of a different metal inside, or alloyed [Grotius]. Whole: not breaking them as was done to the "brass" (Jer 52:17). Some of these utensils were only of brass; others were some of them brass, some of silver, some of gold: the captain of the guard carried away all, both those of silver, and those of gold, and those of brass. And the basins,.... Or "bowls"; these are omitted, 2 Kings 25:15; they were of gold, 1 Kings 7:50;

and the firepans; or "censers"; these were those of gold, which belonged to the golden altar, 1 Kings 7:50;

and the bowls; or "basins"; there were a hundred of them made of gold, 2 Chronicles 4:8;

and the cauldrons; or "pots"; these are not mentioned, 2 Kings 25:15; what they should be, that were either of gold or silver, cannot be said:

and the candlesticks; of which there were ten in number, made of pure gold, five on the right side, and five on the left, before the oracle, 1 Kings 7:49;

and the spoons; which were also of gold, 1 Kings 7:50;

and the cups: the word is rendered "bowls", to cover withal, Exodus 25:29; it was some kind of instrument or vessel used about the shewbread table, made of pure gold; according to Jarchi, these were little golden forks, upon which they placed the shewbread, to keep it from moulding; according to the Misna (c), there were four of them:

that which was of gold in gold, and that which was of silver in silver, took the captain of the guard away; that is, everything that was of gold or silver he took away; the golden things by themselves, and the silver things by themselves, as some think.

(c) Menachot, c. 11. sect. 6.

And the basons, and the firepans, and the bowls, and the caldrons, and the candlesticks, and the spoons, and the cups; that which was of gold in gold, and that which was of silver in silver, took the captain of the guard away.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)
19. The cups, basons, and spoons are said in 1 Kings 7:50 to have been of gold.

candlesticks] See 1 Kings 7:49.

bowls] for libations in connexion with the table of “shewbread.” Cp. Exodus 25:29 in C. B., where Driver suggests “chalices,” and Numbers 4:7.The destruction of Jerusalem and of the temple, and the carrying away of the people, which are only very summarily stated in Jeremiah 39:8-10, are here related in complete accordance with the account given in 2 Kings 25:8-17. The deviations for the most part originated through the freedom exercised by the epitomizer in his work, or only when mistakes were made by later copyists. The text before us has some amplifications (especially the notices regarding the ornaments of the brazen pillars, Jeremiah 52:23) which are found nowhere else in the Old Testament. The difference in date between Jeremiah 52:12 ("on the tenth of the month") and the passage in Kings ("on the seventh of the month") has arisen through one number having been mistaken for another in copying; it cannot now be decided which is correct; see on 2 Kings 25:18. As to Nebuzaradan, see on Jeremiah 39:13. Instead of עמד , is found עבד in 2 Kings 25:8, which certainly is a simpler reading, but one having less appearance of being the original. The only strange point is the want of the relative אשׁר in plain prose before עמד, which is probably to be pointed עמד. בּירוּשׁלים, instead of ירוּשׁלים (Kings), is a pregnant expression for "he came into Jerusalem." - Jeremiah 52:14. From the expression את־כּל־חומות, as given in Jeremiah 52:14, "all" is omitted in Kings, as being not indispensable for the meaning.
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