For they fled from the swords, from the drawn sword, and from the bent bow, and from the grievousness of war.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)For they fled from the swords.—The fourfold repetition of the somewhat full form of the Hebrew preposition (literally, from the face of) seems as if intended to emphasise the several stages of retreat.
The grievousness of war - Hebrew, כבד kobed - "the weight, the heaviness, the oppression" of war; probably from the calamities that would result from the march of the Assyrian through their land, either on his way to Judea or to Egypt.
from the drawn sword; just ready to be sheathed in them:
and from the bent bow; just going to let the arrow fly at them:For they fled from the swords, from the drawn sword, and from the bent bow, and from the grievousness of war.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)15. The caravans have deserted the frequented paths, because of armed bands scouring the country.
16 f. The interpretation of the vision is regarded by many commentators as a later appendix similar to ch. Isaiah 16:13 f. There is certainly a surprising resemblance between the two passages, which may suggest that they are both from the same hand.Verse 15. - For they fled; rather, they have fled. The Dedanites have been attacked with sword and bow, and have fled from their assailants. Probably the enemy was Assyria, but no trace of the war has been found on the Assyrian monuments. Revelation 18:1-2, the same words form the shout of triumph raised by the angel, the antitype being more majestic than the type, whilst upon the higher ground of the New Testament everything moves on in spiritual relations, all that is merely national having lost its power. Still even here the spiritual inwardness of the affair is so far expressed, that it is Jehovah who dashes to the ground; and even the heathen conquerors are obliged to confess that the fall of Babylon and its pesilim (compare Jeremiah 51:47, Jeremiah 51:52) is the work of Jehovah Himself. What is here only hinted at from afar - namely, that Cyrus would act as the anointed of Jehovah - is expanded in the second part (Isaiah 40-66) for the consolation of the captives.
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