Of a foreigner you may exact it again: but that which is your with your brother your hand shall release;
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)A foreigner, or stranger, yea, though a proselyte. For,
1. They are oft called by this name, as Genesis 17:12 Ruth 2:10.
2. Though proselytes were admitted to the church privileges of the Israelites, yet they were not admitted to all their civil immunities or privileges. See 1 Chronicles 22:2 2 Chronicles 2:17.
3. Such were not then freed from their personal debt, to wit, of their service, Leviticus 25:44 Deu 15:12 Jeremiah 34:14, therefore not from their real debt.
That which is thine, to wit, by right, though lent to him.
but that which is thine with thy brother, thine hand shall release; a debt that lies between them, where the one is the creditor, and the other debtor, the creditor shall freely and fully forgive the debtor. So those only are released or forgiven by the Lord who are his own, whom he has reserved for himself, or chosen to everlasting life; who are interested in the covenant of his grace, one article in which is the forgiveness of sins; and who are redeemed by the blood of Christ, a branch of which redemption is remission of sin; and who are called by grace, and believe in Christ, to whom pardon of sins is promised; but those who are foreigners and strangers, and are not the Lord's chosen, redeemed, and called people, have no share in this blessing of grace; nor such who are rich in their own esteem, and need nothing; but those who are poor and unable to pay their debts, and are sensible of their spiritual poverty, and apply to the Lord for the forgiveness of their sins.Of a foreigner thou mayest exact it again: but that which is thine with thy brother thine hand shall release;
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)3. foreigner] nokrî distinct not only from neighbour- or brother-Israelite, but also from gçr the foreign client or settler in Israel (Deuteronomy 14:21).Verse 3. - A foreigner; a stranger of another nation, having no internal social relation to Israel (נָכְרִי), as distinguished from the stranger who lived among them and had claims on their benevolence (גֵּר). Of such they might exact a debt, without regard to the year of release. "This rule breathes no hatred of foreigners, but simply allows the Israelites the right of every creditor to demand his debts and enforce the demand upon foreigners, even in the sabbatical year. There was no severity in this, because foreigners could get their ordinary income in the seventh year as well as in any other" (Keil). Deuteronomy 12:12, Deuteronomy 12:18, and Deuteronomy 12:19).
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