He made also ten lavers, and put five on the right hand, and five on the left, to wash in them: such things as they offered for the burnt offering they washed in them; but the sea was for the priests to wash in.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)THE TEN LAVERS: THEIR USE, AND THAT OF THE SEA
(6) The chronicler now returns to his abbreviating style, and omits altogether the description of the ten bases, or stands, upon which the lavers were placed, and which are described in full and curious detail in 1Kings 7:27-39. The unusual difficulty of the passage may have determined the omission, but it seems more likely that the sacred writer thought the bases of less importance than the objects described in 2Chronicles 4:7-9, the account of which he has interpolated between the first and second half of 1Kings 7:39.
He made also ten lavers.—And he made ten pans. The word kîyôr is used in 1Samuel 2:14 as a pan for cooking, and in Zechariah 12:6 as a pan holding fire. Its meaning here and in the parallel place is a pan for washing. (Comp. Exodus 30:18; Exodus 30:28.) The LXX. renders λουτῆρας, “baths;” the Syriac, laqnê, “flagons” (lagenae, λάγηνοι).
To wash in them.—This statement, and, indeed, the rest of the verse is peculiar to the chronicler. On the other hand, 1Kings 7:38 specifies the size and capacity of the lavers here omitted.
Such things as they offered for the burnt offering they washed in them.—This gives the meaning. Literally, the work (comp. Exodus 29:36, “to do” being equivalent to “to offer”) of the burnt offering they used to rinse (strictly, thrust, plunge) in them.
But the sea was for the priests to wash in.—The Hebrew words have been transposed apparently. The same infinitive (lĕrohçāh) occurs in Exodus 30:18; Exodus 40:30, in a similar context. Instead of all this, the Syriac and Arabic versions read: “put them five on the right hand and five on the left, that the priests might wash in them their hands and their feet,” which appears to be derived from Exodus 30:19; Exodus 40:31.1 Kings 7:23 note. It is quite possible that either here or in Kings the text may have been accidentally corrupted.
6. ten lavers—(See on 1Ki 7:27). The laver of the tabernacle had probably been destroyed. The ten new ones were placed between the porch and the altar, and while the molten sea was for the priests to cleanse their hands and feet, these were intended for washing the sacrifices.Ten lavers; of which see 1 Kings 7:38, &c. He made also ten lavers, and put five on the right hand, and five on the left, to wash in them: such things as they offered for the burnt offering they washed in them; but the sea was for the priests to wash in.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)2 Chronicles 4:14 and 1 Kings 7:38-39). The Lavers
6. such things as they offered for the burnt offering] R.V. such things as belonged to the burnt offering. The lavers were mounted on bases; cp. 2 Chronicles 4:14.
for the priests] Cp. Exodus 30:18-21; Exodus 38:8; Exodus 40:30-32.
7 (= 1 Kings 7:49). The Golden Candlesticks
ten candlesticks] Rather, the ten lamp-stands; cp. Exodus 40:4.
according to their form] R.V. according to the ordinance concerning them; cp. Exodus 25:31-37; Exodus 40:4.
in the temple] In 1 Kings 7:49 more precisely, before the oracle, i.e. before the Holy of Holies.Verse 6. - This verse, with vers. 14, 15, are all here that represent the lengthy account of bases rather than layers, occupying in the parallel vers. 27-39 of 1 Kings 7, which, however, omits to state the use of either sea or layers. 1 Kings 7:21.
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