Ahaz was twenty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem: but he did not that which was right in the sight of the LORD, like David his father:
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)XXVIII.
THE REIGN OF AHAZ.(Comp. 2 Kings 16)
PRELIMINARY NOTICES OF THE LENGTH AND CHARACTER OF THE REIGN (2Chronicles 28:1-4).
The Lord.—Add his God. So some MSS. and Syriac; also Kings. The Assyrian monuments call Ahaz Yahuhazi, i.e., Jehoahaz, of which Ahaz may be a familiar abridgment. (Comp. Nathan, Jonathan.)2 Chronicles 28:1-4. He did not that which was right in the sight of the Lord —
Nay, he did a great deal that was wrong, very wrong, and that toward God, toward his own soul, and toward his people. He walked in the way of the revolted Israelites, and the devoted Canaanites; made molten images and worshipped them, contrary to the second commandment; nay, he made them for Baalim, contrary to the first. He forsook the temple of the Lord, and sacrificed, and burned incense on the hills, and under every green tree, in imitation of the neighbouring idolaters. And, to complete his wickedness, as one perfectly divested of all natural affection, as well as of all religion, and perfectly devoted to the service and interest of the great enemy of mankind, he burned his children in the fire to Moloch — Not thinking it enough to dedicate them to that infernal fiend, by causing them to pass through the fire. Such is the absolute sway which the prince of the power of the air sometimes exercises over the children of disobedience! But of his true character and complicated wickedness, see notes on 2 Kings 16:1-4; 2 Kings 16:10-18.
÷2Ch 28:1-27 A.M. 3263. — B.C. 741.
Ahaz reigns ill, 2 Chronicles 28:1-4. Is smitten by the Syrians and Israelites, 2 Chronicles 28:5-8; who send back the captives they had taken, 2 Chronicles 28:9-15. Ahaz sends for help to the king of Assyria, but in vain, 2 Chronicles 28:16-21. Yet he continues in idolatry, 2 Chronicles 28:22-25; and dies, 2 Chronicles 28:26, 2 Chronicles 28:27.
2Ch 28:1-21. Ahaz, Reigning Wickedly, Is Afflicted by the Syrians.
1-4. Ahaz was twenty years old—(See on 2Ki 16:1-4). This prince, discarding the principles and example of his excellent father, early betrayed a strong bias to idolatry. He ruled with an arbitrary and absolute authority, and not as a theocratic sovereign: he not only forsook the temple of God, but embraced first the symbolic worship established in the sister kingdom, and afterwards the gross idolatry practised by the Canaanites.Ahaz reigning ill, 2 Chronicles 28:1-4, is smitten by the Syrians, and by the Israelites, 2 Chronicles 28:5-7, who carry away captives; which, by the advice of a prophet, they return, 2 Chronicles 28:8-15. Ahaz sendeth to the king of Assyria for help against the Philistines and Edomites, but obtainth none, 2 Chronicles 28:16-21. His great idolatry, 2 Chronicles 28:22-25. he dieth, and Hezekiah is king, 2 Chronicles 28:26,27.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)2 Chronicles 28:1-4 (= 2 Kings 16:1-4). Ahaz succeeds and practises Idolatry
1. Ahaz] The full form of the name is Jehoahaz, the “Ja-u-ḥa-zi” of an inscription of Tiglath-pileser III.
twenty years old] As he died sixteen years later leaving a son of twenty-five (2 Chronicles 29:1), the reading of Pesh. “twenty-five years old” is more suitable and may be right, but the coincidence would be strange if three kings in succession ascended the throne at twenty-five years of age (cp. 2 Chronicles 27:1 and 2 Chronicles 29:1).
he did not that which was right] It is not said of Ahaz as of Manasseh, “he did that which was evil” (2 Chronicles 33:2).Verse 1. - Ahaz. The signification of this word is "graspng." Isaiah (Isaiah 7:1; 38:8), Hosea, and Micah were contemporaries of Ahaz, whoso reign may be set down at B.C. 744-728. His name shows in the Assyrian tablets, Jahukhazi, or Jehoahaz. 2 Kings 15:35); the only work of his reign which is mentioned in the book of Kings. But besides this, he continued the fortifying of Jerusalem, which his father had commenced; building much at the wall of the Ophel. העפל was the name of the southern slope of the temple mountain (see on 2 Chronicles 33:14); the wall of Ophel is consequently the wall connecting Zion with the temple mountain, at which Uzziah had already built (see on 2 Chronicles 26:9). He likewise carried on his father's buildings for the protection of the herds (2 Chronicles 26:10), building the cities in the mountains of Judah, and castles (בּירניּות, 2 Chronicles 17:12) and towers in the forests of the mountains of Judah (חרשׁים from חרשׁ, a thicket).
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