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Smith's Bible Dictionary

the representative in the Authorized Version of two Hebrew words.

  1. Zecucith occurs only in (Job 28:17) where "glass" probably is intended.
  2. kerach occurs in numerous passages in the Old Testament to denote "ice," "frost," etc.; but once only (Ezekiel 1:22) as is generally understood, to signify "crystal." The ancients supposed rock-crystal to be merely ice congealed by intense cold. The similarity of appearance between ice and crystal caused no doubt the identity of the terms to express these substances. The Greek word occurs in (Revelation 4:6; 21:1) It may mean either "ice" or "crystal."
ATS Bible Dictionary

The same Hebrew word is rendered by our translators, crystal, Ezekiel 1:22; frost, Genesis 31:40; and ice, Job 6:16. The word primarily denotes ice; and the name is given to a perfectly transparent and glass-like gem, from its resemblance, Job 28:17; Revelation 4:6; 21:11.

Easton's Bible Dictionary
(Ezek. 1:22, with the epithet "terrible, " as dazzling the spectators with its brightness). The word occurs in Revelation 4:6; 21:11; 22:1. It is a stone of the flint order, the most refined kind of quartz. The Greek word here used means also literally "ice." The ancients regarded the crystal as only pure water congealed into extreme hardness by great length of time.
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
1. (n.) The regular form which a substance tends to assume in solidifying, through the inherent power of cohesive attraction. It is bounded by plane surfaces, symmetrically arranged, and each species of crystal has fixed axial ratios. See Crystallization.

2. (n.) The material of quartz, in crystallization transparent or nearly so, and either colorless or slightly tinged with gray, or the like; -- called also rock crystal. Ornamental vessels are made of it. Cf. Smoky quartz, Pebble; also Brazilian pebble, under Brazilian.

3. (n.) A species of glass, more perfect in its composition and manufacture than common glass, and often cut into ornamental forms. See Flint glass.

4. (n.) The glass over the dial of a watch case.

5. (n.) Anything resembling crystal, as clear water, etc.

6. (a.) Consisting of, or like, crystal; clear; transparent; lucid; pellucid; crystalline.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

kris'-tal: In English Versions of the Bible the word is probably intended to signify rock-crystal, crystallized quartz. This the Greeks called krustallos, "ice," believing it to have been formed from water by intense cold. Thus in Revelation 4:6; Revelation 21:11; Revelation 22:1, either "crystal" (EV) or "ice" (Greek, krustallos) suits the context. The word rendered "crystal" in Ezekiel 1:22 (qerach) is ambiguous in precisely the same way (the Revised Version, margin "ice"). In Job 28:17 the context favors the King James Version "crystal," rather than the Revised Version (British and American) "glass" (zekhukhith). Finally, in Job 28:18 the Revised Version (British and American) reads "crystal" for the King James Version "pearls" (Hebrew gabhish; the weight of evidence favors the Revised Version (British and American) in spite of the parallelism suggested by the King James Version).

See also STONES, PRECIOUS. F. K. Farr

2929. krustallizo -- to shine like crystal
... to shine like crystal. Part of Speech: Verb Transliteration: krustallizo Phonetic
Spelling: (kroos-tal-lid'-zo) Short Definition: I am clear as crystal ...
// - 6k

2930. krustallos -- crystal
... crystal. Part of Speech: Noun, Masculine Transliteration: krustallos Phonetic Spelling:
(kroos'-tal-los) Short Definition: crystal Definition: crystal. ...
// - 6k

5194. hualos -- a clear transparent stone, glass
... Part of Speech: Noun, Masculine Transliteration: hualos Phonetic Spelling:
(hoo'-al-os) Short Definition: glass Definition: glass, crystal, clear transparent ...
// - 7k

271. amethustos -- amethyst
... Feminine Transliteration: amethustos Phonetic Spelling: (am-eth'-oos-tos) Short
Definition: amethyst Definition: amethyst (a kind of rock crystal: the best ...
// - 6k

Strong's Hebrew
1378. gabish -- crystal
... 1377, 1378. gabish. 1379 . crystal. Transliteration: gabish Phonetic Spelling:
(gaw-beesh') Short Definition: crystal. Word Origin ...
/hebrew/1378.htm - 5k

7140. qerach -- frost, ice
... Word Origin of uncertain derivation Definition frost, ice NASB Word Usage
crystal (1), frost (2), ice (4). crystal, frost, ice. Or ...
/hebrew/7140.htm - 6k

2137. zekokith -- glass
... Word Origin from zakak Definition glass NASB Word Usage glass (1). crystal. From
zakah; properly, transparency, ie Glass -- crystal. see HEBREW zakah. ...
/hebrew/2137.htm - 6k

688. eqdach -- a fiery glow, sparkle
... 687, 688. eqdach. 689 . a fiery glow, sparkle. Transliteration: eqdach
Phonetic Spelling: (ek-dawkh') Short Definition: crystal. ...
/hebrew/688.htm - 6k


Whether Clarity is Becoming to the Glorified Body?
... But the glorified bodies will not hide that which is within them, for as Gregory
says on Job 28:17, "Gold or crystal cannot equal it" (Moral. xviii, 48). ...
/.../aquinas/summa theologica/whether clarity is becoming to.htm

Describes the Hideous Appearance of a Soul in Mortal Sin as ...
... of the soul, which gave it such splendour and beauty, is totally eclipsed, though
the spirit is as fitted to enjoy God's presence as is the crystal to reflect ...
/.../teresa/the interior castle or the mansions/chapter ii describes the hideous.htm

... purity. What tender, mellow light beams out from its depths through its
crystal clearness! what a halo of glory encircles it! what ...
/.../orr/food for the lambs or helps for young christians/purity.htm

... Now this, according to modern biology, is the fundamental distinction between the
living and the not living, between an organism and a crystal. ...
// law in the spiritual world/growth.htm

Hymn for the Lighting of the Lamps
... Before that steadfast march the billows fall, Then raise on either hand their crystal
mass, While through the sundered deep Thy people pass And ocean guards ...
/.../prudentius/the hymns of prudentius/v hymn for the lighting.htm

Preface to the First Edition.
... of God! Her wails are built of jasper-stone; but the City itself is of pure
and shining gold, like to clear crystal glass. And the ...
/.../boudreaux/the happiness of heaven/preface to the first edition.htm

From the Fourth Chapter.
... 6. "And before the throne there was, as it were, a sea of glass like to crystal."]
That is the gift of baptism which He sheds forth through His Son in time of ...
/.../commentary on the apocolypse of the blessed john/from the fourth chapter.htm

Meditations of the Blessed State of a Regenerate Man in Heaven.
... God and his people who are saved, and written in the Lamb's book (ver.24 & 27),
do inhabit; all built of pure gold, like unto clear glass or crystal (ver.11, 18 ...
/.../bayly/the practice of piety/meditations of the blessed state.htm

The New Jerusalem.
... Her light was like a most precious stone, like a jasper stone, clear as crystal;
having a wall vast and high, and having twelve gates, and at the gates twelve ...
/.../bliss/a brief commentary on the apocalypse/the new jerusalem.htm

The Poets
... Than when Thy sheep passed through the deep. By crystal walls protected,. reminds
us of the lines: As on dry land, between two crystal walls,. ...
/.../the hymns of methodism in their literary relations/chapter iii the poets.htm

Crystal (7 Occurrences)
... The Greek word here used means also literally "ice." The ancients regarded the crystal
as only pure water congealed into extreme hardness by great length of ...
/c/crystal.htm - 11k

Crystal-clear (1 Occurrence)
Crystal-clear. Crystal, Crystal-clear. Crystal-like . Multi-Version
Concordance Crystal-clear (1 Occurrence). Revelation 21:11 having ...
/c/crystal-clear.htm - 6k

Crystal-like (1 Occurrence)
Crystal-like. Crystal-clear, Crystal-like. Cub . Multi-Version Concordance
Crystal-like (1 Occurrence). Revelation 21:11 having the glory of God. ...
/c/crystal-like.htm - 6k

Jasper (8 Occurrences)
... It was "most precious," "clear as crystal" (21:11). It was emblematic of the glory
of God (4:3). ... Job 28:18 No mention shall be made of coral or of crystal. ...
/j/jasper.htm - 10k

Coral (3 Occurrences)
... kethem, "gold of Ophir"; shoham, "onyx" (the Revised Version, margin "beryl"); cappir,
"sapphire"; zahabh, "gold"; zekhukhith, "crystal" (the Revised Version ...
/c/coral.htm - 12k

Glass (12 Occurrences)
... The Hebrew word zekukith (Job 28:17), rendered in the Authorized Version "crystal,"
is rightly rendered in the Revised Version "glass." This is the only ...
/g/glass.htm - 21k

Jewel (12 Occurrences)
... a precious thing. 4. (n.) A bearing for a pivot a pivot in a watch, formed
of a crystal or precious stone, as a ruby. 5. (vt) To ...
/j/jewel.htm - 12k

Cyprus (12 Occurrences)
... alum, gypsum, mica, unguents, laudanum, storax, resin and precious stones, including
agate, jasper, amethyst, lapis lazuli and several species of rock-crystal. ...
/c/cyprus.htm - 27k

Cub (4 Occurrences)

/c/cub.htm - 8k

Creatures (83 Occurrences)
... in these things. (WEB ASV). Revelation 4:6 Before the throne was something
like a sea of glass, similar to crystal. In the midst ...
/c/creatures.htm - 31k

Bible Concordance
Crystal (7 Occurrences)

Revelation 4:6 Before the throne was something like a sea of glass, similar to crystal. In the midst of the throne, and around the throne were four living creatures full of eyes before and behind.

Revelation 21:11 having the glory of God. Her light was like a most precious stone, as if it was a jasper stone, clear as crystal;

Revelation 22:1 He showed me a river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb,

Job 28:17 The gold and the crystal cannot equal it: and the exchange of it shall not be for jewels of fine gold.

Job 28:18 No mention shall be made of coral or of crystal. Yes, the price of wisdom is above rubies.

Isaiah 54:12 I will make your towers of rubies, and your doors of carbuncles, and the wall round you will be of all sorts of beautiful stones.
(See NAS)

Ezekiel 1:22 Over the head of the living creature there was the likeness of an expanse, like the awesome crystal to look on, stretched forth over their heads above.



Crystal Healing

Crystal: A Precious Stone


Related Terms

Crystal-clear (1 Occurrence)

Crystal-like (1 Occurrence)

Jasper (8 Occurrences)

Coral (3 Occurrences)

Glass (12 Occurrences)

Jewel (12 Occurrences)

Cyprus (12 Occurrences)

Cub (4 Occurrences)

Creatures (83 Occurrences)

Throne (181 Occurrences)

Shining (115 Occurrences)

Needle (4 Occurrences)

Jasper-stone (1 Occurrence)


Gleam (5 Occurrences)

Issuing (5 Occurrences)

Frost (9 Occurrences)

Flowing (123 Occurrences)

Firmament (17 Occurrences)

Twin (9 Occurrences)

Rare (8 Occurrences)

Resembling (19 Occurrences)

Rubies (8 Occurrences)

Expanse (18 Occurrences)

Midway (3 Occurrences)

Mention (41 Occurrences)

Pebble (2 Occurrences)

Proceeding (18 Occurrences)

Beings (42 Occurrences)

Base (127 Occurrences)

Beasts (241 Occurrences)

Clear (641 Occurrences)

Center (30 Occurrences)

Costly (26 Occurrences)

Corals (5 Occurrences)

Clearness (1 Occurrence)


Alexandria (4 Occurrences)

Acquisition (2 Occurrences)

Surrounding (78 Occurrences)

Sparkling (7 Occurrences)

Similar (13 Occurrences)

Bright (85 Occurrences)

Mentioned (30 Occurrences)

Seal (47 Occurrences)

Covered (325 Occurrences)

Seemed (89 Occurrences)

Shewed (105 Occurrences)

Colour (22 Occurrences)

Showed (164 Occurrences)

Awesome (47 Occurrences)

Behind (188 Occurrences)

Pure (160 Occurrences)

River (189 Occurrences)

Crafts (2 Occurrences)

Midst (657 Occurrences)

Front (327 Occurrences)

Crying (247 Occurrences)

Elders (203 Occurrences)

Remembered (120 Occurrences)

Assyria (124 Occurrences)

Likeness (52 Occurrences)

Terrible (90 Occurrences)

Lamb (124 Occurrences)

Hunter (3 Occurrences)

Ice (20 Occurrences)

Color (18 Occurrences)

Worthy (92 Occurrences)

Creature (73 Occurrences)

Value (138 Occurrences)

Stone (290 Occurrences)

Nineveh (23 Occurrences)

Precious (128 Occurrences)

Sea (4178 Occurrences)

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