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International Standard Bible EncyclopediaALABASTER
al'-a-bas-ter (alabastron (Matthew 26:7 Mark 14:3 Luke 7:37)): In modern mineralogy alabaster is crystalline gypsum or sulphate of lime. The Greek word alabastron or alabastos meant a stone casket or vase, and alabastites was used for the stone of which the casket was made. This stone was usually crystalline stalagmitic rock or carbonate of lime, now often called oriental alabaster, to distinguish it from gypsum. The word occurs in the Bible only in the three passages of the Synoptic Gospels cited above. See BOX.
Greek211. alabastron -- a box of alabaster
... a box of alabaster. Part of Speech: Noun, Neuter Transliteration: alabastron Phonetic
Spelling: (al-ab'-as-tron) Short Definition: an alabaster phial or bottle ...
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Strong's Hebrew7893. shayish -- alabaster
... 7892b, 7893. shayish. 7894 . alabaster. Transliteration: shayish Phonetic
Spelling: (shah'-yish) Short Definition: alabaster. Word ...
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8337b. shesh -- alabaster
1858. dar -- perhaps pearl or mother-of-pearl
923. bahat -- perhaps porphyry
The Alabaster Box
Jesus' Feet Anointed in the House of a Pharisee.
Jesus and the Bethany Sisters.
Civ. Jesus Arrives and is Feasted at Bethany.
The Defence of Uncalculating Love
The Cruse of Ointment
The Feast at Simon's House
The Box of Ointment.
Smith's Bible DictionaryAlabaster
from the Arabic al bastraton , a whitish stone or from Alabastron , the place in Egypt where it is found. It occurs only in (Matthew 26:7; Mark 14:3; Luke 7:37) The ancients considered alabaster to be the best material in which to preserve their ointments. The Oriental alabaster (referred to in the Bible) is a translucent carbonate of lime, formed on the floors of limestone caves by the percolation of water. It is of the same material as our marbles, but differently formed. It is usually clouded or banded like agate, hence sometimes called onyx marble. Our common alabaster is different from this, being a variety of gypsum or sulphate of lime, used In its finer forms for vases, etc.; in the coarser it is ground up for plaster of Paris. The noted sculptured slabs from Nineveh are made of this material.
ATS Bible DictionaryAlabaster
A sort of stone, of fine texture, either the white gypsum, a sulphate of lime, or the onyx-alabaster, a hard carbonate of lime, having the color of the human nail, and nearly allied to marble. This material being very generally used to fabricate vessels for holding unguents and perfumed liquids, many vessels were called alabaster though made of a different substance, as gold, silver, glass, etc. In Matthew 26:6,7, we read that Mary, sister of Lazarus, John 12:3, poured as alabaster box of precious ointment on Christ's head. Mark says "she brake the box," signifying probably, that the seal upon the box, or upon the neck of the vase of bottle, which kept the perfume from evaporating, had never been removed; it was on this occasion first opened. See SPIKENARD.
Easton's Bible DictionaryOccurs only in the New Testament in connection with the box of "ointment of spikenard very precious," with the contents of which a woman anointed the head of Jesus as he sat at supper in the house of Simon the leper (Matthew 26:7; Mark 14:3; Luke 7:37). These boxes were made from a stone found near Alabastron in Egypt, and from this circumstance the Greeks gave them the name of the city where they were made. The name was then given to the stone of which they were made; and finally to all perfume vessels, of whatever material they were formed. The woman "broke" the vessel; i.e., she broke off, as was usually done, the long and narrow neck so as to reach the contents. This stone resembles marble, but is softer in its texture, and hence very easily wrought into boxes. Mark says (14:5) that this box of ointment was worth more than 300 pence, i.e., denarii, each of the value of sevenpence halfpenny of our money, and therefore worth about 10 pounds. But if we take the denarius as the day's wage of a labourer (Matthew 20:2), say two shillings of our money, then the whole would be worth about 30 pounds, so costly was Mary's offering.
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary1. (n.) A variety of fine gypsum, usually white and translucent, often carved into vases or ornaments.
2. (n.) A hard, compact variety of carbonate of lime, somewhat translucent, or of banded shades of color; stalagmite. The name is used in this sense by Pliny. It is sometimes distinguished as oriental alabaster.
ThesaurusAlabaster (6 Occurrences)
... The name is used in this sense by Pliny. It is sometimes distinguished as oriental
alabaster. ... Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. ALABASTER. ...
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Alabaster-box (2 Occurrences)
Ointment (29 Occurrences)
Reclining (25 Occurrences)
Box (13 Occurrences)
Jar (45 Occurrences)
Cruse (11 Occurrences)
Sat (222 Occurrences)
Vial (12 Occurrences)
Expensive (6 Occurrences)
Bible ConcordanceAlabaster (6 Occurrences)
Matthew 26:7 a woman came to him having an alabaster jar of very expensive ointment, and she poured it on his head as he sat at the table.
Mark 14:3 While he was at Bethany, in the house of Simon the leper, as he sat at the table, a woman came having an alabaster jar of ointment of pure nard-very costly. She broke the jar, and poured it over his head.
Luke 7:37 Behold, a woman in the city who was a sinner, when she knew that he was reclining in the Pharisee's house, she brought an alabaster jar of ointment.
1 Chronicles 29:2 Now I have prepared with all my might for the house of my God the gold for the things of gold, and the silver for the things of silver, and the brass for the things of to be set, stones for inlaid work, and of various colors, and all manner of precious stones, and marble stones in abundance.
Esther 1:6 White, green, and blue hangings were fastened with cords of byssus and purple to silver rings and pillars of white marble; couches of gold and silver lay upon a pavement of red and white marble, and alabaster, and black marble.
Song of Songs 5:15 His legs are as pillars of stone on a base of delicate gold; his looks are as Lebanon, beautiful as the cedar-tree.
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