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Smith's Bible Dictionary

The Hebrew shesh , the generic term for marble, may probably be taken to mean almost any shining stone. The so-called marble of Solomon's architectural works may thus have been limestone. There can be no doubt that Herod both in the temple and elsewhere employed Parian or other marble. The marble pillars and tesserae of various colors of the palace at Susa came doubtless from Persia. (Esther 1:8)

Easton's Bible Dictionary
As a mineral, consists of carbonate of lime, its texture varying from the highly crystalline to the compact. In Esther 1:6 there are four Hebrew words which are rendered marble:,

(1.) Shesh, "pillars of marble." But this word probably designates dark-blue limestone rather than marble.

(2.) Dar, some regard as Parian marble. It is here rendered "white marble." But nothing is certainly known of it.

(3.) Bahat, "red marble," probably the verd-antique or half-porphyry of Egypt.

(4.) Sohareth, "black marble," probably some spotted variety of marble. "The marble pillars and tesserae of various colours of the palace at Susa came doubtless from Persia itself, where marble of various colours is found, especially in the province of Hamadan Susiana." The marble of Solomon's architectural works may have been limestone from near Jerusalem, or from Lebanon, or possibly white marble from Arabia. Herod employed Parian marble in the temple, and marble columns still exist in great abundance at Jerusalem.

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
1. (n.) A massive, compact limestone; a variety of calcite, capable of being polished and used for architectural and ornamental purposes. The color varies from white to black, being sometimes yellow, red, and green, and frequently beautifully veined or clouded. The name is also given to other rocks of like use and appearance, as serpentine or verd antique marble, and less properly to polished porphyry, granite, etc.

2. (n.) A thing made of, or resembling, marble, as a work of art, or record, in marble; or, in the plural, a collection of such works; as, the Arundel or Arundelian marbles; the Elgin marbles.

3. (n.) A little ball of marble, or of some other hard substance, used as a plaything by children; or, in the plural, a child's game played with marbles.

4. (a.) Made of, or resembling, marble; as, a marble mantel; marble paper.

5. (a.) Cold; hard; unfeeling; as, a marble breast or heart.

6. (n.) To stain or vein like marble; to variegate in color; as, to marble the edges of a book, or the surface of paper.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

mar'-b'-l (shayish, shesh, 'abhne shayish, "stones of marble" (1 Chronicles 29:2); ritspath bahat wa-shesh we-dhar we-cochareth, "a pavement of red, and white, and yellow, and black marble," or, according to the margin, "a pavement of porphyry, and white marble, and alabaster, and stone of blue color" (Esther 1:6); `ammudhe shesh, "pillars of marble" (Esther 1:6 Songs 5:15); compare shesh, the King James Version margin "silk" or the Revised Version (British and American) "fine linen" (Genesis 41:42 Exodus 25:4, etc.); shoshannim, "lilies" (Songs 2:16, etc.), apparently from a root signifying "white"; marmaros, "marble" (Revelation 18:12)): Marble is properly crystalline limestone, usually pure white or veined with black, the former being in demand for statuary, while the latter is used in architecture, especially for floors and pillars. True marble is not found in Palestine, but is obtained from Greece or Italy. Much of the stone described as marble is non-crystalline limestone capable of being smoothed and polished. White or yellow stone of this character is abundant in Palestine. Non-crystalline rocks of other colors are also sometimes called marble. In the passage from Esther cited above (compare margin), it is a question whether the reference is to marble and other stones or to marble of different colors. In 1 Chronicles 29:2, "marble stones" are mentioned among the materials brought together by David for the building of the temple. In Esther 1:6, pillars and a pavement of marble are features of the palace of Ahasuerus. In Songs 5:15, the various parts of the body of the "beloved" are likened to gold, beryl, ivory, sapphire, and marble. In Revelation 18:12, marble occurs in the list of the merchandise of Babylon. All these references imply a costly stone, and therefore probably one imported from other countries, and make it likely that true crystalline marble is meant.

Alfred Ely Day

3139. marmaros -- a crystalline stone, esp. marble
... marble. Part of Speech: Noun, Masculine Transliteration: marmaros Phonetic Spelling:
(mar'-mar-os) Short Definition: marble Definition: marble. ...
// - 6k

4456. poroo -- to petrify, ie to harden
... 4456 (from , a kind of marble) -- properly, made of ; (figuratively) ; dull, as ;
calloused (hardened); ie unresponsive (dense), completely lacking sensitivity ...
// - 7k

5171. truphao -- to live luxuriously
... living" in NT times included going to the public baths ("wash houses"), typically
decked out with ornate furnishings (eg decorated baths made of marble, etc. ...
// - 7k

Strong's Hebrew
923. bahat -- perhaps porphyry
... red marble. From an unused root (probably meaning to glisten); white marble or perhaps
alabaster -- red (marble). 922, 923. bahat. 924 . Strong's Numbers.
/hebrew/923.htm - 5k

8336. shesh -- byssus
... Word Origin of foreign origin Definition byssus NASB Word Usage fine linen (16),
fine...linen (21), finely...linen (1). blue, fine twined linen, marble, silk. ...
/hebrew/8336.htm - 6k

5508. sochereth -- a stone (used in paving)
... black marble. Similar to cocherah; probably a (black) tile (or tessara) for laying
borders with -- black marble. see HEBREW cocherah. 5507, 5508. ...
/hebrew/5508.htm - 6k

7893. shayish -- alabaster
... Whiten, white, marble. From an unused root meaning to bleach, ie Whiten; white,
ie Marble. See shesh. see HEBREW shesh. 7892b, 7893. shayish. 7894 . ...
/hebrew/7893.htm - 6k

8337b. shesh -- alabaster
... alabaster. Transliteration: shesh Short Definition: marble. Word Origin from the
same as shayish Definition alabaster NASB Word Usage alabaster (1), marble (2). ...
/hebrew/8337b.htm - 5k


Whitewashing Kilkenny Marble
... Chapter 12. Wesley's Letter to an Editor; Impositions and Declarations; the Speaking
Statue; Wesley's Pentecost Whitewashing Kilkenny Marble. ...
/.../wesley/the journal of john wesley/whitewashing kilkenny marble.htm

His Legs are as Pillars of Marble, Set Upon Sockets of Fine Gold ...
... CHAPTER V. 15. His legs are as pillars of marble, set upon sockets of fine
gold; his countenance is as Lebanon, excellent as the cedars. ...
// of songs of solomon/15 his legs are as.htm

On Descartes' "Discourse Touching the Method of Using One's Reason ...
... For example, I take up a marble, and I find it to be a red, round, hard, single
body. We call the redness, the roundness, the hardness ...
/.../lay sermons addresses and reviews/xiv on descartes discourse touching.htm

Man's Life his Monument.
... its Churches. There we see carved in stone and marble the glories of Poet
and Painter, King and Priest, Statesman and Warrior. But ...
/.../the life of duty a years plain sermons v 2/sermon xxxviii mans life his.htm

Description of Pilate's Palace and the Adjacent Buildings.
... Pilate, was built on the north-west side of the mountain on which the Temple stood,
and to reach it persons were obliged to ascend a flight of marble steps. ...
/.../chapter xvi description of pilates.htm

The Evening of the Third Day in Passion-Week - on the Mount of ...
... Just then the western sun was pouring his golden beams on tops of marble cloister
and on the terrced courts, and glittering on the golden spikes on the roof of ...
/.../edersheim/the life and times of jesus the messiah/chapter vi the evening of.htm

For the King There were Three Great Perils: the People...
... Magnificent in marble and gold, Caesarea stood for a monument of Herodian
troubles. ... Out went his hand to feel the shapely marble. ...
// 16 for the king.htm

That He who is the Pre-Eminent Cause of Everything Intelligibly ...
... Bergson.) A sculptor would not accept a block of ice in place of a block of marble
(for ice will not carve into a statue); and yet the block of marble is not ...
/...// the areopagite/chapter v that he who.htm

How to Use the Present Life, and the Comforts of It.
... others? Has he not given qualities to gold and silver, ivory and marble, thereby
rendering them precious above other metals or stones? ...
/...// the christian life/chapter v how to use.htm

Those Days it was Near Twelve O'Clock by the Great Dial of History ...
... Its hills were white with marble and green with gardens, and traced and spotted
and flecked with gold; its thoroughfares were bright with color"white, purple ...
// 2 those days it.htm

Marble (5 Occurrences)
... In Esther 1:6 there are four Hebrew words which are rendered marble:,. (1.)
Shesh ... than marble. (2.) Dar, some regard as Parian marble. ...
/m/marble.htm - 13k

Alabaster (6 Occurrences)
... reach the contents. This stone resembles marble, but is softer in its texture,
and hence very easily wrought into boxes. Mark says ...
/a/alabaster.htm - 11k

Onyx (16 Occurrences)
... wood for things of wood; onyx stones, and stones to be set, glistering stones, and
of divers colors, and all manner of precious stones, and marble stones in ...
/o/onyx.htm - 12k

Mother-of-pearl (1 Occurrence)
... Esther 1:6 white linen, white cotton, and blue, fastened with cords of fine linen
and purple on rings of silver, and pillars of marble, couches of gold, and of ...
/m/mother-of-pearl.htm - 7k

Porphyry (1 Occurrence)
... 6, the Revised Version margin has "porphyry" (the King James Version margin "porphyre")
for bahaT, English Versions of the Bible "red (marble)"; the Septuagint ...
/p/porphyry.htm - 7k

Costly (26 Occurrences)
... fine linen, purple and silk, and of scarlet stuff; all kinds of rare woods, and
all kinds of goods in ivory and in very costly wood, in bronze, steel and marble...
/c/costly.htm - 14k

Smaragdus (1 Occurrence)
... Esther 1:6 white linen, white cotton, and blue, fastened with cords of fine linen
and purple on rings of silver, and pillars of marble, couches of gold, and of ...
/s/smaragdus.htm - 6k

Black (52 Occurrences)
... 1:5; 5:11; and Zechariah 6:2, 6. It is uncertain what the "black marble" of
Esther 1:6 was which formed a part of the mosaic pavement. ...
/b/black.htm - 24k

Byssus (40 Occurrences)
... Esther 1:6 White, green, and blue hangings were fastened with cords of byssus and
purple to silver rings and pillars of white marble; couches of gold and ...
/b/byssus.htm - 19k

Yellow (6 Occurrences)
... Esther 1:6 There were hangings of white, green, and blue material, fastened with
cords of fine linen and purple to silver rings and marble pillars. ...
/y/yellow.htm - 9k

Bible Concordance
Marble (5 Occurrences)

Acts 17:29 Since then we are God's offspring, we ought not to imagine that His nature resembles gold or silver or marble, or anything sculptured by the art and inventive faculty of man.

Revelation 18:12 merchandise of gold, silver, precious stones, pearls, fine linen, purple, silk, scarlet, all expensive wood, every vessel of ivory, every vessel made of most precious wood, and of brass, and iron, and marble;

1 Chronicles 29:2 Now I have prepared with all my might for the house of my God the gold for the things of gold, and the silver for the things of silver, and the brass for the things of to be set, stones for inlaid work, and of various colors, and all manner of precious stones, and marble stones in abundance.

Esther 1:6 There were hangings of white, green, and blue material, fastened with cords of fine linen and purple to silver rings and marble pillars. The couches were of gold and silver, on a pavement of red, white, yellow, and black marble.

Song of Songs 5:15 His legs are like pillars of marble set on sockets of fine gold. His appearance is like Lebanon, excellent as the cedars.



Marble in the Temple

Marble: Merchandise of

Marble: Mosaics of

Marble: Pillars of

Related Terms

Alabaster (6 Occurrences)

Onyx (16 Occurrences)

Mother-of-pearl (1 Occurrence)

Porphyry (1 Occurrence)

Costly (26 Occurrences)

Smaragdus (1 Occurrence)

Black (52 Occurrences)

Byssus (40 Occurrences)

Yellow (6 Occurrences)

King's (375 Occurrences)

Grain (413 Occurrences)

Middle (169 Occurrences)

Mosaic (2 Occurrences)

Pavement (9 Occurrences)

Beds (22 Occurrences)

Bordered (3 Occurrences)

Couches (15 Occurrences)

Cotton (3 Occurrences)

Columns (17 Occurrences)

Shell (1 Occurrence)

Partition (4 Occurrences)

Cloth (57 Occurrences)

Wall (227 Occurrences)

Machpelah (6 Occurrences)

Diana (5 Occurrences)

Curtains (34 Occurrences)

Purple (54 Occurrences)

Fastened (43 Occurrences)

Cords (80 Occurrences)

Hangings (23 Occurrences)

Rings (46 Occurrences)

Green (72 Occurrences)

Alexandria (4 Occurrences)

Rods (76 Occurrences)

Material (61 Occurrences)

Pillars (132 Occurrences)

Blue (51 Occurrences)

Caught (110 Occurrences)

Kinds (110 Occurrences)

Linen (111 Occurrences)

Colors (12 Occurrences)

Quantities (13 Occurrences)

Quarry (5 Occurrences)

Vale (20 Occurrences)

Vein (1 Occurrence)

Zarephath (4 Occurrences)

Uzal (3 Occurrences)

Onyx-stones (1 Occurrence)

Jewels (54 Occurrences)

Limbs (6 Occurrences)

Leg (24 Occurrences)

Lading (7 Occurrences)

Glittering (12 Occurrences)

Glistering (3 Occurrences)

Woods (37 Occurrences)

Inlaid (8 Occurrences)

Inventive (2 Occurrences)

Imagine (24 Occurrences)

Figure (19 Occurrences)

Face (780 Occurrences)

Float (4 Occurrences)

Faculty (1 Occurrence)

Front (327 Occurrences)

Tadmor (2 Occurrences)

Tile (1 Occurrence)

Thyne (1 Occurrence)

Taw (1 Occurrence)

Rare (8 Occurrences)

Resembles (3 Occurrences)

Expensive (6 Occurrences)

Diverse (15 Occurrences)

Dale (2 Occurrences)

Marauding (3 Occurrences)

Marcaboth (2 Occurrences)


Pearl (5 Occurrences)

Painting (5 Occurrences)

Pointing (13 Occurrences)

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