Deuteronomy 2:20
Parallel Verses
New International Version
(That too was considered a land of the Rephaites, who used to live there; but the Ammonites called them Zamzummites.

New Living Translation
(That area was once considered the land of the Rephaites, who had lived there, though the Ammonites call them Zamzummites.

English Standard Version
(It is also counted as a land of Rephaim. Rephaim formerly lived there—but the Ammonites call them Zamzummim—

New American Standard Bible
(It is also regarded as the land of the Rephaim, for Rephaim formerly lived in it, but the Ammonites call them Zamzummin,

King James Bible
(That also was accounted a land of giants: giants dwelt therein in old time; and the Ammonites call them Zamzummims;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
This too used to be regarded as the land of the Rephaim. The Rephaim lived there previously, though the Ammonites called them Zamzummim,

International Standard Version
"'(Indeed, it was considered Rephaim territory, since the Rephaim used to lived there. The Ammonites called them Zamzummites,

NET Bible
(That also is considered to be a land of the Rephaites. The Rephaites lived there originally; the Ammonites call them Zamzummites.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
This land was thought of as the land of the Rephaim who used to live there, but the Ammonites called them Zamzummim.

Jubilee Bible 2000
(That also was accounted a land of giants; giants dwelt therein in another time, and the Ammonites called them Zamzummims,

King James 2000 Bible
(That also was regarded as a land of giants: giants dwelt there formerly; and the Ammonites call them Zamzummim;

American King James Version
(That also was accounted a land of giants: giants dwelled therein in old time; and the Ammonites call them Zamzummims;

American Standard Version
(That also is accounted a land of Rephaim: Rephaim dwelt therein aforetime; but the Ammonites call them Zamzummim,

Douay-Rheims Bible
It was accounted a land of giants: and giants formerly dwelt in it, whom the Ammonites call Zomzommims,

Darby Bible Translation
(That also is reckoned a land of giants: giants dwelt therein in time past, and the Ammonites call them Zamzummim;

English Revised Version
(That also is accounted a land of Rephaim: Rephaim dwelt therein aforetime; but the Ammonites call them Zamzummim;

Webster's Bible Translation
(That also was accounted a land of giants: giants dwelt in it in old time; and the Ammonites call them Zamzummims;

World English Bible
(That also is accounted a land of Rephaim: Rephaim lived therein before; but the Ammonites call them Zamzummim,

Young's Literal Translation
'A land of Rephaim it is reckoned, even it; Rephaim dwelt in it formerly, and the Ammonites call them Zamzummim;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

2:8-23 We have the origin of the Moabites, Edomites, and Ammonites. Moses also gives an instance older than any of these; the Caphtorims drove the Avims out of their country. These revolutions show what uncertain things wordly possessions are. It was so of old, and ever will be so. Families decline, and from them estates are transferred to families that increase; so little continuance is there in these things. This is recorded to encourage the children of Israel. If the providence of God has done this for Moabites and Ammonites, much more would his promise do it for Israel, his peculiar people. Cautions are given not to meddle with Moabites and Ammonites. Even wicked men must not be wronged. God gives and preserves outward blessings to wicked men; these are not the best things, he has better in store for his own children.

Pulpit Commentary

Verses 20-23. - Another parenthetical insertion, containing some ethnographical notices, intended, probably, to confirm the assertion that to the children of Ammon God had given their land for a possession. There is no sufficient reason for supposing that this paragraph is an interpolation, or gloss, inserted by some later writer. It lay as much in the way of Moses to introduce such ethnographical notices as in that of any writer of a later age. Verse 20. - Before the Ammonites, the laud was occupied by a gigantic race, called by them, Zamzummim (probably noisy ones, from זָמַם to hum, mutter; or, as the verb also signifies, to muse or meditate, perhaps moody ones; whether the same as the Zuzim of Genesis 14:5 - LXX., ἔθνη ἰσχυρά, as if from זוּז, to overflow, to abound - is uncertain). The colossal stone monuments, resembling what in Europe are known by the Celtic names of dolmen, menhir, and cromlech, still to be found in the land of Moab, are supposed to be the work of these aboriginal inhabitants of the country, the gigantic Emim and Zamzummim. This giant tribe the Lord had destroyed before the Ammonites, just as he had destroyed the Horim before the children of Esau in Seir.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

That also was accounted a land of giants,.... Ammon was so reckoned as well as Moab, Deuteronomy 2:10.

giants dwelt therein in old time; the Rephaim dwelt there, as they did also in Ashteroth Karnaim, Genesis 14:5.

and the Ammonites call them Zamzummims; they are thought to be the same with the Zuzims in Genesis 14:5 who had their name, as Hillerus (c) thinks, from Mezuzah, a door post, from their tall stature, being as high as one; and for a like reason Saph the giant might have his name, 2 Samuel 21:18. The word Zamzummims, according to him (d), signifies contrivers of evil and terrible things; they were inventors of wickedness, crafty and subtle in forming wicked and mischievous designs, which struck terror into people, and made them formidable to them.

(c) Onomastic. Sacr. p. 158, 288, 289. (d) Onomastic. Sacr. p. 161, 310, 428.



Deuteronomy 2:20 Additional Commentaries
Context
Wanderings in the Wilderness
19'When you come opposite the sons of Ammon, do not harass them nor provoke them, for I will not give you any of the land of the sons of Ammon as a possession, because I have given it to the sons of Lot as a possession.' 20(It is also regarded as the land of the Rephaim, for Rephaim formerly lived in it, but the Ammonites call them Zamzummin, 21a people as great, numerous, and tall as the Anakim, but the LORD destroyed them before them. And they dispossessed them and settled in their place,…
Cross References
Genesis 14:5
In the fourteenth year, Kedorlaomer and the kings allied with him went out and defeated the Rephaites in Ashteroth Karnaim, the Zuzites in Ham, the Emites in Shaveh Kiriathaim

Deuteronomy 2:11
Like the Anakites, they too were considered Rephaites, but the Moabites called them Emites.

Deuteronomy 2:21
They were a people strong and numerous, and as tall as the Anakites. The LORD destroyed them from before the Ammonites, who drove them out and settled in their place.

Deuteronomy 3:11
(Og king of Bashan was the last of the Rephaites. His bed was decorated with iron and was more than nine cubits long and four cubits wide. It is still in Rabbah of the Ammonites.)
Treasury of Scripture

(That also was accounted a land of giants: giants dwelled therein in old time; and the Ammonites call them Zamzummims;

Zamzummims

Genesis 14:5 And in the fourteenth year came Chedorlaomer, and the kings that …

Zuzims

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Alphabetical: It That a also Ammonites as but call called considered for formerly in is it land live lived of regarded Rephaim Rephaites the them there to too used was who Zamzummin Zamzummites

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