Heliodorus
Jump to: ISBEThesaurusLibrarySubtopicsTerms
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
HELIODORUS

he-li-o-do'-rus (Heliodoros): Treasurer of the Syrian king Seleucus IV, Philopator (187-175 B.C.), the immediate predecessor of Antiochus Epiphanes who carried out to its utmost extremity the Hellenizing policy begun by Seleucus and the "sons of Tobias." Greatly in want of money to pay the tribute due to the Romans as one of the results of the victory of Scipio over Antiochus the Great at Magnesia (190 B.C.), Seleucus learned from Apollonius, governor of Coele-Syria (Pal) and Phoenicia, of the wealth which was reported to be stored up in the Temple at Jerusalem and commissioned Heliodorus. (2 Maccabees 3) to plunder the temple and to bring its contents to him. On the wealth collected in the Temple at this time, Josephus (Ant., IV, vii, 2) may be consulted. The Temple seems to have served the purposes of a bank in which the private deposits of widows and orphans were kept for greater security, and in 2 Maccabees 3:15-21 is narrated the panic at Jerusalem which took place when Heliodorus came with an armed guard to seize the contents of the Temple (see Stanley, Lectures on the History of the Jewish Church, III, 287). In spite of the protest of Onias, the high priest, Heliodorus. was proceeding to carry out his commission when, "through the Lord of Spirits and the Prince of all power," a great apparition appeared which caused him to fall down "compassed with great darkness" and speechless. When "quite at the last gasp" he was by the intercession of Onias restored to life and strength and "testified to all men the works of the great God which he had beheld with his eyes." The narrative given in 2 Maccabees 3 is not mentioned by any other historian, though 4 Maccabees refers to the plundering of the Temple and assigns the deed to Apollonius. Raffaelle used the incident in depicting, on the walls of the Vatican, the triumph of Pope Julius II over the enemies of the Pontificate.

J. Hutchison

Library

Heliodorus
... Chapter VI. Heliodorus. Heliodorus [2580] the Presbyter wrote a book entitled
An introductory treatise on the nature of things, in ...
/.../jerome and gennadius lives of illustrious men /chapter vi heliodorus.htm

Heliodorus
... Chapter XXIX. Heliodorus. Heliodorus, [2621] presbyter of Antioch, published an
excellent volume gathered from Holy Scriptures On Virginity. Footnotes: ...
/.../jerome and gennadius lives of illustrious men /chapter xxix heliodorus.htm

Letter Lx. To Heliodorus.
... The Letters of St. Jerome. Letter LX. To Heliodorus. One of Jerome's finest letters,
written to console his old friend, Heliodorus, now Bp. ...
/.../jerome/the principal works of st jerome/letter lx to heliodorus.htm

Letter xiv. To Heliodorus, Monk.
... The Letters of St. Jerome. Letter XIV. To Heliodorus, Monk. Heliodorus,
originally a soldier, but now a presbyter of the Church, had ...
/.../jerome/the principal works of st jerome/letter xiv to heliodorus monk.htm

Monks of Syria and Persia: Battheus, Eusebius, Barges, Halas, Abbo ...
... Chapter XXXIII."Monks of Syria and Persia: Battheus, Eusebius, Barges, Halas, Abbo,
Lazarus, Abdaleus, Zeno, Heliodorus, Eusebius of Carræ, Protogenes, and ...
/.../the ecclesiastical history of sozomenus/chapter xxxiii monks of syria and.htm

The Property of Widows or of all the Faithful...
... was given of the money, which Simon treacherously had told King Antiochus could
be found in large quantities in the temple at Jerusalem, Heliodorus was sent to ...
/.../ambrose/works and letters of st ambrose/chapter xxix the property of.htm

The Syrian Persecution.
... He tried to raise money by sending his servant, Heliodorus, to rob the temple at
Jerusalem Onias, the High Priest, and all the people, were in great distress ...
/.../yonge/the chosen people/lesson xvii the syrian persecution.htm

Letter Lii. To Nepotian.
... Nepotian, the nephew of Heliodorus (for whom see Letter XIV.), had, like his uncle,
abandoned the military for the clerical calling, and was now a presbyter at ...
/.../jerome/the principal works of st jerome/letter lii to nepotian.htm

Life of Jerome.
... A society of congenial minds gathered round him, comprising Rufinus, Bonosus,
Heliodorus (afterwards Bishop of Altinum), Chromatius (afterwards Bishop of ...
/.../jerome/the principal works of st jerome/iii life of jerome.htm

Jerome and Gennadius Lives of Illustrious Men.
... Chapter V. Macrobius. Chapter VI. Heliodorus. Chapter VII. Pachomius. Chapter VIII. ...
Macarius. Chapter XXIX. Heliodorus. Chapter XXX. John bishop of Constantinople ...
/...//christianbookshelf.org/various/jerome and gennadius lives of illustrious men /

Thesaurus
Heliodorus
... Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia HELIODORUS. he-li-o ... Church, III, 287). In
spite of the protest of Onias, the high priest, Heliodorus. ...
/h/heliodorus.htm - 8k

Onias
... The governor told the king, and Seleucus dispatched his chancellor, Heliodorus,
to remove the money. Onias remonstrated in vain, pleading ...
/o/onias.htm - 10k

Epiphanes
... (Epiphanes, e-pif'-a-naz, "Illustrious"): Son of Antiochus III who became king
after his brother, Seleucus IV, had been murdered by Heliodorus. ...
/e/epiphanes.htm - 8k

Antiochus
... (Epiphanes, e-pif'-a-naz, "Illustrious"): Son of Antiochus III who became king
after his brother, Seleucus IV, had been murdered by Heliodorus. ...
/a/antiochus.htm - 17k

Desolation (131 Occurrences)
... Antiochus IV, son of Antiochus the Great, became the successor of his brother, Seleucus
IV, who had been murdered by his minister, Heliodorus, as king of Syria ...
/d/desolation.htm - 46k

Maccabaeus
... His son and successor Seleucus IV was murdered by his prime minister Heliodorus
in 176-175 BC, who reaped no benefit from his crime. ...
/m/maccabaeus.htm - 17k

Apollonius
... this name (1) Son of Thrasaeus (2 Maccabees 3:5) who was governor of Coele-Syria
(Palestine and Phoenicia) under Seleucus Philopator, when Heliodorus came to ...
/a/apollonius.htm - 8k

Seleucus
... He was murdered by HELIODORUS (which see), one of his own courtiers whom he had
sent to plunder the Temple (2 Maccabees 3:1-40; Daniel 11:20). ...
/s/seleucus.htm - 8k

Hyrcanus
... her-ka'-nus (Hurkanos): "Son of Tobias, a man of great dignity," who had a large
sum of money deposited in the Temple of Jerusalem when Heliodorus was sent to ...
/h/hyrcanus.htm - 6k

Heliopolis (1 Occurrence)

/h/heliopolis.htm - 6k



Heli
Top of Page
Top of Page