Etam
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Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary
Etam

their bird, their covering

Smith's Bible Dictionary
Etam

(lair of wild beasts).

  1. A village of the tribe of Simeon, specified only in the list in (1 Chronicles 4:32) comp. Josh 19:7
  2. A place in Judah, fortified and garrisoned by Rehoboam. (2 Chronicles 11:6) Here, according to the statements of Josephus and the Talmudists, were the sources of the water from which Solomon's gardens and the pleasure-grounds were fed, and Bethlehem and the temple supplied.
ATS Bible Dictionary
Etam

A town in Judah near Bethlehem and Tekoa; a favorite resort of Solomon, and fortified by Rehoboam, 1 Chronicles 4:3,32 2 Chronicles 11:6. Its supposed site is now occupied by a ruined village balled Urtas, a mile and a half southwest of Bethlehem, not far Solomon's Pools. "The rock Etam" to which Samson withdrew, Jud 15:8-19, may have been in this vicinity, perhaps the Frank mountain two miles east.

Easton's Bible Dictionary
Eyrie.

(1.) A village of the tribe of Simeon (1 Chronicles 4:32). Into some cleft ("top, " A.V., ; R.V., "cleft") of a rock here Samson retired after his slaughter of the Philistines (Judges 15:8, 11). It was a natural stronghold. It has been identified with Beit 'Atab, west of Bethlehem, near Zorah and Eshtaol. On the crest of a rocky knoll, under the village, is a long tunnel, which may be the "cleft" in which Samson hid.

(2.) A city of Judah, fortified by Rehoboam (2 Chronicles 11:6). It was near Bethlehem and Tekoah, and some distance apparently to the north of (1). It seems to have been in the district called Nephtoah (or Netophah), where were the sources of the water from which Solomon's gardens and pleasure-grounds and pools, as well as Bethlehem and the temple, were supplied. It is now `Ain 'Atan, at the head of the Wady Urtas, a fountain sending forth a copious supply of pure water.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
ETAM

e'-tam `eTam; Codex Alexandrinus, Apan, Codex Vaticanus, Aitan:

(1) Mentioned in Septuagint along with Tekoa, Bethlehem and Phagor (Joshua 15:59). In 2 Chronicles 11:6 it occurs, between Bethlehem and Tekoa, as one of the cities built "for defense in Judah" by Rehoboam. Josephus writes that "there was a certain place, about 50 furlongs distant from Jerusalem which is called Ethan, very pleasant it is in fine gardens and abounding in rivulets of water; whither he (Solomon) used to go out in the morning" (Ant., VIII, vii, 3). Mention of `Ain `Aitan, which is described as the most elevated place in Palestine, occurs in the Talmud (Zebhachim 54b), and in the Jer. Talmud (Yoma' 3 fol 41) it is mentioned that a conduit ran from `Atan to the Temple.

The evidence all points to `Ain `Atan, the lowest of the springs supplying the aqueduct running to Solomon's pools. The gardens of Solomon may very well-by tradition, at any rate-have been in the fertile valley below `Urtas. The site of the ancient town Etam is rather to be looked for on an isolated hill, with ancient remains, a little to the East of `Ain `Atan. 1 Chronicles 4:3 may also have reference to this Etam.

(2) A town assigned to Simeon (1 Chronicles 4:32). Mentioned with EN-RIMMON (which see), identified by Conder with Khurbet `AiTun in the hills Northwest of Beersheba.

(3) The rock of Etam, where Samson took up his dwelling after smiting the Philistines "hip and thigh with a great slaughter" (Judges 15:8, 11), was in Judah but apparently in the low hill country (same place). The rocky hill on which lies the village of Beit `Atab, near Sur`ah (Zorah), was suggested by Conder, but unless (3) is really identical width (1), which is quite possible, the cavern known as `Arak Isma`in, described by Hanauer (PEFS, 1886, 25), suits the requirements of the story better. The cavern, high up on the northern cliffs of the Wady Isma`in, is a noticeable object from the railway as the train enters the gorge.

E. W. G. Masterman

Strong's Hebrew
5862. Etam -- three places in Isr.
... 5861, 5862. Etam. 5863 . three places in Isr. Transliteration: Etam
Phonetic Spelling: (ay-tawm') Short Definition: Etam. ...
/hebrew/5862.htm - 6k
Library

Concerning the Gates and Chambers Lying on the South Side of the ...
... altar, on the feast of Tabernacles, was brought in through this gate; or because
the water-course, conveyed into the Temple from the fountain Etam, went along ...
/.../lightfoot/from the talmud and hebraica/chapter 31 concerning the gates.htm

Samson who did to Others as they did to Him
... do, I will not stop until I have had my revenge on you!" So he fought fiercely and
killed many of them; then he went and stayed in a cavern in the cliff of Etam ...
/.../christianbookshelf.org/sherman/the childrens bible/samson who did to others.htm

Fragment Xli. This Indicates the Persecution against the Church ...
... [4885] Judges 15:11. [4886] That is, when he fled to the rock Etam, he typified
the true believer taking refuge in the spiritual Rock, Christ. ...
/.../fragment xli this indicates the.htm

Samson's Wedding Feast
... will cease. And he smote them hip and thigh with a great slaughter: and
he went down and dwelt in the cleft of the rock of Etam. ...
/.../various/select masterpieces of biblical literature/iv samsons wedding feast.htm

The Story of Samson, the Strong Man
... burning his wife. After this Samson went to live in a hollow place in a
split rock, called the rock of Etam. The Philistines came ...
/.../marshall/the wonder book of bible stories/the story of samson the.htm

Concerning the Fortitude of Samson, and what Mischiefs He Brought ...
... 8. Now when Samson had slain many of the Philistines in the plain country, he dwelt
at Etam, which is a strong rock of the tribe of Judah; for the Philistines ...
/.../josephus/the antiquities of the jews/chapter 8 concerning the fortitude.htm

Scriptural Poems; Being Several Portions of Scripture Digested ...
... them with great slaughter. And he return'd, and came up to the top Of Etam,
and dwelt there upon the rock. Then the Philistines up ...
/.../scriptural poems being several portions.htm

Tiglath-Pileser iii. And the Organisation of the Assyrian Empire ...
... 2 Chronicles 11:6-10, where we find a list of the towns fortified by Rehoboam:
Bethlehem, Etam, Beth-zur, Soco, Adullam, Gath, Mareshah, Ziph, Adoraim ...
/.../chapter iitiglath-pileser iii and the.htm

Thesaurus
Etam (5 Occurrences)
...ETAM. e'-tam `eTam; Codex Alexandrinus, Apan, Codex Vaticanus, Aitan: (1) Mentioned
in Septuagint along with Tekoa, Bethlehem and Phagor (Joshua 15:59). ...
/e/etam.htm - 11k

Idbash (1 Occurrence)
... IDBASH. id'-bash (yidhbash, "honeysweet"(?)) A man of Judah, one of the sons of
the father of Etam (1 Chronicles 4:3; Septuagint "sons of Etam"). ...
/i/idbash.htm - 7k

Ishma (1 Occurrence)
... yishma', from the root yasham, "to lie waste," therefore meaning "desolate"): A
brother of Jezreel and Idbash, "the sons of the father of Etam" (1 Chronicles 4 ...
/i/ishma.htm - 7k

Crack (5 Occurrences)
... made an attack on them, driving them in uncontrolled flight, and causing great
destruction; then he went away to his safe place in the crack of the rock at Etam...
/c/crack.htm - 9k

Cleft (15 Occurrences)
... (KJV WBS YLT). Judges 15:8 He struck them hip and thigh with a great slaughter:
and he went down and lived in the cleft of the rock of Etam. ...
/c/cleft.htm - 12k

Samson (37 Occurrences)
... Thereupon, Samson smote the Philistines in revenge, "hip and thigh" (Judges
15:1-8). (2) When he escaped to Etam, an almost vertical rock cliff in Judah (by ...
/s/samson.htm - 37k

Simeon (48 Occurrences)
... Ezem), Eltolad (Tolad), Bethuel, Hormah, Ziklag, Beth-marcaboth, Hazar-susah (Hazar
Susim), Beth-lebaoth (Beth-biri), Sharuhen (Shaaraim) (Etam), Ain Rimmon ...
/s/simeon.htm - 35k

Cave (40 Occurrences)
... Judges 15:8 He struck them hip and thigh with a great slaughter: and he went
down and lived in the cleft of the rock of Etam. (See NIV). ...
/c/cave.htm - 25k

Viciously (1 Occurrence)
... Viciously (1 Occurrence). Judges 15:8 He struck them hip and thigh with a great
slaughter: and he went down and lived in the cleft of the rock of Etam. ...
/v/viciously.htm - 6k

Nephtoah (2 Occurrences)
... with the ancient ELEPH (which see) of Benjamin, and, on the ground that the Talmud
(see Talmud Babylonian, Yom' 31a) identifies Nephtoah with ETAM (which see ...
/n/nephtoah.htm - 9k

Concordance
Etam (5 Occurrences)

Judges 15:8
He struck them hip and thigh with a great slaughter: and he went down and lived in the cleft of the rock of Etam.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Judges 15:11
Then three thousand men of Judah went down to the cleft of the rock of Etam, and said to Samson, "Don't you know that the Philistines are rulers over us? What then is this that you have done to us?" He said to them, "As they did to me, so have I done to them."
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

1 Chronicles 4:3
These were the sons of the father of Etam: Jezreel, and Ishma, and Idbash; and the name of their sister was Hazzelelponi;
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

1 Chronicles 4:32
Their villages were Etam, and Ain, Rimmon, and Tochen, and Ashan, five cities;
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

2 Chronicles 11:6
He built Bethlehem, and Etam, and Tekoa,
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Subtopics

Etam

Etam: A City in Judah

Etam: A Name on the List of Judah's Descendants, But Probably Referring to Number Two

Etam: A Rock where Samson Was Bound and Delivered to the Philistines

Etam: A Village of Simeon

Related Terms

Idbash (1 Occurrence)

Ishma (1 Occurrence)

Crack (5 Occurrences)

Cleft (15 Occurrences)

Samson (37 Occurrences)

Simeon (48 Occurrences)

Cave (40 Occurrences)

Viciously (1 Occurrence)

Nephtoah (2 Occurrences)

Uncontrolled (58 Occurrences)

Jidbash (1 Occurrence)

Jishma (1 Occurrence)

Lachish (22 Occurrences)

Teko'a (11 Occurrences)

Tochen (1 Occurrence)

Ruthlessly (8 Occurrences)

Esyelus

Pools (15 Occurrences)

Ain (6 Occurrences)

A'in (4 Occurrences)

Ashan (5 Occurrences)

Hazlelponi (1 Occurrence)

Hip (8 Occurrences)

Hazzelelponi (1 Occurrence)

Realize (29 Occurrences)

Hazzelelpo'ni (1 Occurrence)

Merely (30 Occurrences)

Jizreel (30 Occurrences)

Hazelelponi (1 Occurrence)

Rock (176 Occurrences)

Tekoa (12 Occurrences)

Token (24 Occurrences)

Smiting (76 Occurrences)

Rimmon (22 Occurrences)

Builder (33 Occurrences)

Slaughtered (72 Occurrences)

Beth-lehem (49 Occurrences)

Buildeth (73 Occurrences)

Thigh (38 Occurrences)

Smiteth (156 Occurrences)

Slaughter (121 Occurrences)

Dwelleth (142 Occurrences)

Villages (106 Occurrences)

Jezreel (37 Occurrences)

Eternal (166 Occurrences)

Territory (140 Occurrences)

Attack (221 Occurrences)

Driving (144 Occurrences)

Bethlehem (49 Occurrences)

Stayed (169 Occurrences)

Causing (248 Occurrences)

Hur (17 Occurrences)

Sister (113 Occurrences)

Proper (62 Occurrences)

Smote (281 Occurrences)

Judah (802 Occurrences)

Philistines (224 Occurrences)

Names (133 Occurrences)

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