Deacon
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Easton's Bible Dictionary
Anglicized form of the Greek word diaconos, meaning a "runner," "messenger," "servant." For a long period a feeling of mutual jealousy had existed between the "Hebrews," or Jews proper, who spoke the sacred language of palestine, and the "Hellenists," or Jews of the Grecian speech, who had adopted the Grecian language, and read the Septuagint version of the Bible instead of the Hebrew. This jealousy early appeared in the Christian community. It was alleged by the Hellenists that their widows were overlooked in the daily distribution of alms. This spirit must be checked. The apostles accordingly advised the disciples to look out for seven men of good report, full of the Holy Ghost, and men of practical wisdom, who should take entire charge of this distribution, leaving them free to devote themselves entirely to the spiritual functions of their office (Acts 6:1-6). This was accordingly done. Seven men were chosen, who appear from their names to have been Hellenists. The name "deacon" is nowhere applied to them in the New Testament; they are simply called "the seven" (21:8). Their office was at first secular, but it afterwards became also spiritual; for among other qualifications they must also be "apt to teach" (1 Timothy 3: 8-12). Both Philip and Stephen, who were of "the seven," preached; they did "the work of evangelists."
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
1. (n.) An officer in Christian churches appointed to perform certain subordinate duties varying in different communions. In the Roman Catholic and Episcopal churches, a person admitted to the lowest order in the ministry, subordinate to the bishops and priests. In Presbyterian churches, he is subordinate to the minister and elders, and has charge of certain duties connected with the communion service and the care of the poor. In Congregational churches, he is subordinate to the pastor, and has duties as in the Presbyterian church.

2. (n.) The chairman of an incorporated company.

3. (v. t.) To read aloud each line of (a psalm or hymn) before singing it, -- usually with off.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
DEACON; DEACONESS

de'-k'-n, de'-k'-n-es: The term diakonos, and its cognates occur many times in the New Testament, as do its synonyms huperetes, and doulos, with their respective cognates. It may be said in general that the terms denote the service or ministration of the bondservant (doulos), underling (huperetes) or helper (diakonos), in all shades and gradations of meaning both literal and metaphorical. It would serve no useful purpose to list and discuss all the passages in detail. Christianity has from the beginning stood for filial service to God and His kingdom and for brotherly helpfulness to man, and hence, terms expressive of these functions abound in the New Testament. It behooves us to inquire whether and where they occur in a technical sense sufficiently defined to denote the institution of a special ecclesiastical office, from which the historical diaconate may confidently be said to be derived.

Many have sought the origin of the diaconate in the institution of the Seven at Jerusalem (Acts 6), and this view was countenanced by many of the church Fathers.

The Seven were appointed to "serve tables" (diakonein trapezais), in order to permit the Twelve to "continue stedfastly in prayer, and in the ministry (diakonia) of the word." They are not called deacons (diakonoi), and the qualifications required are not the same as those prescribed by Paul in 1 Timothy 3:8-12; furthermore, Stephen appears in Acts preeminently as a preacher, and Philip as an evangelist. Paul clearly recognizes women as deaconesses, but will not permit a woman to teach (1 Timothy 2:12). The obvious conclusion is that the Seven may be called the first deacons only in the sense that they were the earliest recorded helpers of the Twelve as directors of the church, and that they served in the capacity, among others, of specially appointed ministrants to the poor.

Paul says, "I commend unto you Phoebe our sister, who is a servant (the Revised Version, margin "or, deaconess") of the church that is at Cenchrea" (Romans 16:1). This is by many taken as referring to an officially appointed deaconess; but the fact that there is in the earlier group of Paul's epistles no clear evidence of the institution of the diaconate, makes against this interpretation. Phoebe was clearly an honored helper in the church closely associated with that at Corinth, where likewise evidence of special ecclesiastical organization is wanting.

In Philippians 1:1 Paul and Timothy send greetings "to all the saints. at Philippi, with the bishops and deacons." Here then we find mention of "deacons" in a way to suggest a formal diaconate; but the want of definition as to their qualifications and duties renders it impossible to affirm with certainty the existence of the office.

In 1 Timothy 3:8-12, after prescribing the qualifications and the method of appointment of a bishop or overseer, Paul continues: "Deacons in like manner must be grave, not double-tongued, not given to much wine, not greedy of filthy lucre; holding the mystery of the faith in a pure conscience. And let these also first be proved; then let them serve as deacons, if they be blameless. Women in like manner must be grave, not slanderers, temperate, faithful in all things. Let deacons be husbands of one wife, ruling their children and their own houses well." Deacons and deaconesses are here provided for, and the character of their qualifications makes it clear that they were to be appointed as dispensers of alms, who should come into close personal relations with the poor.

We conclude, therefore, that the Seven and Phoebe did not exercise the diaconate in a technical sense, which appears first certainly in 1 Timothy 3, although it is not improbably recognized in Philippians 1:1, and was foreshadowed in the various agencies for the dispensing of alms and the care of the poor of the church instituted in various churches at an earlier date.

See also BISHOP; CHURCH; CHURCH GOVERNMENT.

William Arthur Heidel

Greek
1247. diakoneo -- to serve, minister
... waited (3). administer, serve, use the office of a deacon. From diakonos;
to be an attendant, ie Wait upon (menially or as a host ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/1247.htm - 9k

1249. diakonos -- a servant, minister
... Usage deacons (3), minister (7), servant (10), servants (9). deacon, minister,
servant. Probably from an obsolete diako (to run on ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/1249.htm - 8k

Library

The Epistle of Ignatius to Hero, a Deacon of Antioch
The Epistle of Ignatius to Hero, a Deacon of Antioch. <. The Epistle of Ignatius
to Hero, a Deacon of Antioch Ignatius. Table of Contents. ...
/.../ignatius/the epistle of ignatius to hero a deacon of antioch/

Whether it is Part of a Deacon's Duty to Baptize?
... OF THE MINISTERS BY WHOM THE SACRAMENT OF BAPTISM IS CONFERRED (EIGHT ARTICLES)
Whether it is part of a deacon's duty to baptize? ...
//christianbookshelf.org/aquinas/summa theologica/whether it is part of.htm

Letter Xlix to Romanus, Sub-Deacon of the Roman Curia.
... LETTER XLIX To Romanus, Sub-Deacon of the Roman Curia. To Romanus,
Sub-Deacon of the Roman Curia. He urges upon him the proposal ...
/.../letter xlix to romanus sub-deacon.htm

To Aquilinus, Deacon and Archimandrite.
... Letters of the Blessed Theodoret, XXVII. To Aquilinus, Deacon and
Archimandrite. No one who has won the divine adoption weeps for ...
/.../the ecclesiastical history of theodoret/xxvii to aquilinus deacon and.htm

Letter ii. To the Deacon Aurelius.
... Letter II. To the Deacon Aurelius. Sulpitius has a Vision of St. Martin. Sulpitius
Severus to Aurelius the Deacon sendeth greeting," [53]. ...
/.../severus/life and writings of sulpitius severus /letter ii to the deacon.htm

Epistle Lxiv. To Rogatianus, Concerning the Deacon who Contended ...
... Epistle LXIV. To Rogatianus, Concerning the Deacon Who Contended Against
the Bishop. Argument."Cyprian Warns the Bishop Rogatianus ...
/.../cyprian/the epistles of cyprian/epistle lxiv to rogatianus concerning.htm

Epistle xvii. To Cyprian, Deacon .
... Register of the Epistles of Saint Gregory the Great. Epistle XVII. To Cyprian,
Deacon . To Cyprian, Deacon [1583] . Gregory to Cyprian, &c. ...
/.../the epistles of saint gregory the great/epistle xvii to cyprian deacon.htm

Epistle viii. To Cyprian, Deacon.
... Epistle VIII. To Cyprian, Deacon. To Cyprian, Deacon. Gregory to Cyprian,
deacon and rector of the patrimony of Sicily. Concerning ...
/.../the epistles of saint gregory the great/epistle viii to cyprian deacon.htm

Whether a Deacon or Another who is not a Priest Can Grant an ...
... OF THOSE WHO CAN GRANT INDULGENCES (FOUR ARTICLES) Whether a deacon or another
who is not a priest can grant an indulgence? Objection ...
/.../christianbookshelf.org/aquinas/summa theologica/whether a deacon or another.htm

Epistle vi. To Cyprian, Deacon.
... Register of the Epistles of Saint Gregory the Great. Epistle VI. To Cyprian, Deacon.
To Cyprian, Deacon. Gregory to Cyprian, Deacon and Rector of Sicily. ...
/.../the epistles of saint gregory the great/epistle vi to cyprian deacon.htm

Thesaurus
Deacon (4 Occurrences)
... The name "deacon" is nowhere applied to them in the New Testament; they are simply
called "the seven" (21:8). Their office was at first secular, but it ...
/d/deacon.htm - 14k

Deacon's (1 Occurrence)
... Multi-Version Concordance Deacon's (1 Occurrence). 1 Timothy 3:13 For those
who have filled the deacon's office wisely and well, are ...
/d/deacon's.htm - 6k

Deaconess (1 Occurrence)
... 1. (n.) A female deacon. 2. (n.) One of an order of women whose duties resembled
those of deacons. ... Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. DEACON; DEACONESS. ...
/d/deaconess.htm - 12k

Office (64 Occurrences)
... Similarly in the New Testament the word is used in periphrastic renderings, eg priest's
office (Luke 1:8, 9); office of a deacon (diakonia, 1 Timothy 3:10 ...
/o/office.htm - 30k

Government (20 Occurrences)
... Paul (Philippians 1:1) addresses "all the saints in Christ Jesus that are at
Philippi, with the bishops and deacons." See BISHOP; DEACON. ...
/g/government.htm - 50k

Wisely (60 Occurrences)
... dignity. (WEY). 1 Timothy 3:12 A deacon must be true to his one wife, and rule
his children and his own household wisely and well. (WEY). ...
/w/wisely.htm - 24k

Eunuch (20 Occurrences)
... who occupied a leading position as treasurer at the court of Candace, queen of the
Ethiopians, and who was converted and baptized by Philip the deacon (Acts 8 ...
/e/eunuch.htm - 22k

Ethiopian (11 Occurrences)
... who occupied a leading position as treasurer at the court of Candace, queen of the
Ethiopians, and who was converted and baptized by Philip the deacon (Acts 8 ...
/e/ethiopian.htm - 18k

Dazzling (7 Occurrences)

/d/dazzling.htm - 8k

Concordance
Deacon (4 Occurrences)

Romans 12:7
Or the position of a Deacon of the church, let a man give himself to it; or he who has the power of teaching, let him make use of it;
(BBE)

1 Timothy 3:10
And let these also first be proved; then let them use the office of a deacon, being found blameless.
(KJV WEY ASV BBE WBS NAS RSV NIV)

1 Timothy 3:12
Let the deacons be the husbands of one wife, ruling their children and their own houses well.
(Root in KJV WEY ASV BBE WBS NAS RSV NIV)

1 Timothy 3:13
For they that have used the office of a deacon well purchase to themselves a good degree, and great boldness in the faith which is in Christ Jesus.
(KJV WEY ASV BBE WBS NAS RSV)

Subtopics

Deacon

Deacon: Also Translated "Minister"

Deacon: Characteristics of

Deacon: Selected by the People

Deacon: The Greek Word (Diakonos) Translated "Deacon" Means Servant, and is So Translated In

Related Terms

Deacon's (1 Occurrence)

Deaconess (1 Occurrence)

Office (64 Occurrences)

Government (20 Occurrences)

Wisely (60 Occurrences)

Eunuch (20 Occurrences)

Ethiopian (11 Occurrences)

Dazzling (7 Occurrences)

Order (809 Occurrences)

Gaining (17 Occurrences)

Rests (25 Occurrences)

Evangelist (2 Occurrences)

Deacons (5 Occurrences)

Magus

Priest (500 Occurrences)

Purchase (25 Occurrences)

Proved (49 Occurrences)

Catechist

Catechumen

Acquiring (4 Occurrences)

Service (317 Occurrences)

Honourable (72 Occurrences)

Church (110 Occurrences)

Bishop (4 Occurrences)

Position (189 Occurrences)

Freedom (45 Occurrences)

Degree (19 Occurrences)

Proclaiming (63 Occurrences)

Ministry (44 Occurrences)

Speech (107 Occurrences)

Prove (83 Occurrences)

Hebrews (24 Occurrences)

Rule (291 Occurrences)

Simon (75 Occurrences)

Alexandria (4 Occurrences)

Filled (336 Occurrences)

Keys (2 Occurrences)

Gifts (144 Occurrences)

Spiritual (42 Occurrences)

Power (862 Occurrences)

Dead (580 Occurrences)

Household (222 Occurrences)

Epistle (13 Occurrences)

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