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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
1. (n.) The act of conceiving in the womb; the initiation of an embryonic animal life.

2. (n.) The state of being conceived; beginning.

3. (n.) The power or faculty of apprehending of forming an idea in the mind; the power of recalling a past sensation or perception.

4. (n.) The formation in the mind of an image, idea, or notion, apprehension.

5. (n.) The image, idea, or notion of any action or thing which is formed in the mind; a concept; a notion; a universal; the product of a rational belief or judgment. See Concept.

6. (n.) Idea; purpose; design.

7. (n.) Conceit; affected sentiment or thought.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

kon-sep'-shun, kon-sev' (harah, and derivatives; sullambano): Physically, the beginning of a new life in the womb of a mother, "to catch on," used thus some forty times, as in Genesis 3:16; Genesis 4:1 Psalm 51:5. Metaphorically, applied to the start and growth within the heart, of thought, purpose, desire, e.g. "conceive mischief" (Job 15:35 Psalm 7:14), "conceive chaff" (Isaiah 33:11). This figure is carried out in details in James 1:15: "Lust, when it hath conceived, beareth sin."


i-mak'-u-lat kon-sep'-shun:

1. Definition:

The historic designation of the Roman Catholic dogma promulgated by Pope Pius IX on December 8, 1854, in the Papal Bull entitled "Ineffabilis Deus." The term is often incorrectly applied, even by those whose intelligence should make such an error impossible, to the VIRGIN BIRTH of Christ (which see).

2. Statement of the Dogma:

The central affirmation of this proclamation, which was read in Peter's in the presence of over two hundred bishops, is expressed in the following words: It is proclaimed "by the authority of our Lord Jesus Christ and the blessed Apostles Peter and Paul and in our own authority, that the doctrine which holds the blessed Virgin Mary to have been, from the first instant of her conception, by a singular grace and privilege of Almighty God, in view of the merits of Christ Jesus the Saviour of Mankind, preserved free from all stain of original sin, was revealed by Cod, and is, therefore, to be firmly and constantly believed by all the faithful" (see Schaff, A History of the Creeds of Christendom, II, 211, 212).

3. Objections to the Dogma:

(1) Drawn from Specifically Protestant Principles.

Objections to the dogma are mainly two:

(a) the claim to authority upon which the proclamation rests. There is every reason to believe that one of the major motives to the entire transaction was the wish, on the part of Pius and his advisers, to make an unmistakable assertion of absolute doctrinal authority by the Roman pontiff. To Protestants of all shades of opinion there would be unbearable offense in the wording of the decree, even if assent could be given to the doctrine itself. The whole vital issue of the Reformation is involved in the use by an ecclesiastic of the words "in our own authority" in addition to the words "by the authority of our Lord Jesus Christ and the blessed Apostles Peter and Paul."

(b) The tendency to Mariolatry in the entire movement. As we shall see, the ascription of Divine honors to Mary is avoided in the public statement of the dogma and in the defense of it by Roman Catholic writers, but one has but to survey the course of discussion leading up to the publication of 1854, and subsequent to it, to discover a growing tendency to lift Mary out of the realm of human beings and to endow her with Divine attributes and functions. An extended discussion of Mariolatry lies beyond the range of this article (see MARY); it is only necessary to point out the obvious connections (see Roman Catholic Dictionary and church histories, sub loc.).

(2) Drawn from Roman Catholic Principles.

It is far from the truth to suppose that there are no objections to this modern dogma save those which are specifically Protestant. From the viewpoint of the devout Roman Catholic, and for the sake of the prestige of the papacy, this particular dogma seems to have been unfortunately chosen.

(a) It Has No Basis in Scripture.

The only attempt made to provide a Scriptural argument is by using a vague and unsatisfactory parallel between Mary and Eve before the Fall, to be found in the writings of certain church Fathers who did not hold the papal dogma but unconsciously provided a slender and most insecure basis for it (see inacanus). Most Roman Catholic writers are intelligent enough to admit that theory of inspired tradition alone can be appealed to in support of the idea. The ordinary and only tenable argument is that the ecclesiastical promulgation and acceptance of the doctrine prove its apostolic origin (see Catholic Dictionary, sub loc.).

(b) It Weakens the Authority of the Church.

It would almost seem as if the doctrines of ecclesiastical authority and particularly of papal infallibility had, in this unfortunate proclamation, reached a reductio ad obsurdum for the comfort of their foes. Notice with care the historical standing of this dogma:

(i) The acknowledged absence of all positive evidence for apostolic origin and primitive authority (see Catholic Dictionary ut supra).

(ii) The abundant positive evidence that the principal Fathers of the early church did not believe in the sinlessness of Mary (see list of names and references given by H.C. Sheldon, History of the Christian Church, sub loc.).

(iii) The uncertain and equivocal testimony per contra drawn from the early Fathers. They are practically confined to the following: Ephrem Syrus (Carmina, Hymn 27, strophe 8), where he says "Truly it is Thou and Thy mother only who are fair altogether. For in Thee there is no stain and in Thy mother no spot"; Augustine (De Natura et Gratia, cap. 26), "Two were made simple, innocent, perfectly like each other, Mary and Eve," etc. To these may be added the words of Irenaeus: "The knot of Eve's disobedience was untied by Mary's obedience" (Catholic Dictionary, 422). In regard to these three passages it may reasonably be contended that even if these statements necessarily implied the Immaculate Conception of Mary, which they certainly do not, they would still have to be estimated against the many weighty statements which may be brought forward on the other side.

(iv) The prolonged controversy over the doctrine. From the earliest time when the idea of Mary's miraculous freedom from sin appears, up to the Old Catholic agreement of 1874, devout and faithful Roman Catholics have protested against the addition of this unscriptural dogma to the faith of the church. Bonaventura (Locus Theol., VII, 1) says: "All the saints who have made mention of this matter, with one mouth have asserted that the blessed Virgin was conceived in original sin." With the statement of the Old Catholic agreement we may safely sum up the ecclesiastical situation, even from the viewpoint of those who hold to the doctrinal validity of tradition. Art. X reads: "We reject the New Roman doctrine of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary, as being contrary to the tradition of the first 13 centuries, according to which Christ alone is conceived without sin."

(3) Drawn from General Considerations of Christian Doctrine.

The most serious objections to this offensive and gratuitous dogma are not at all specifically Protestant but, rather, broadly Christian. It is necessary at this point to assure ourselves that we understand (as many Protestants evidently do not) just what is meant by the doctrine as a doctrine. According to the accepted Roman Catholic explanation, Mary, at the supposed stage of her conception when the soul was actually infused into the body waiting for it, received the special grace of God whereby she was delivered from all stain of original sin. The point which Protestants need especially to note is that, according to Roman Catholic ideas, this gracious act of God was performed on the basis of the foreseen merits of Christ's sacrifice. This tones down the offensiveness of the doctrine in that it does not per se imply the equality of Mary with Christ, but rather the contrary, in so far as the grace bestowed upon her was gained by anticipation from Him. Roman Catholic writers naturally emphasize this fact in recommending the doctrine to Protestant minds. None the less the offense remains. The "Immaculate Conception" necessarily implies the "immaculate life," and on the same basis of supernatural grace, else would the special miracle have occurred in vain and the fall of Adam been repeated in Mary. Hence, a full account of the doctrine would be that Mary was completely and miraculously redeemed at her conception and completely and miraculously kept from sin throughout her whole life. Apart from all questions as to the rightful place of Mary in Christian thought, this idea involves utter doctrinal confusion. It means that Mary never became a true human being and never lived a true human life. Redemption by a miraculous process begun at conception and carried on throughout the life is an utter impossibility, for the Holy Spirit does not work impersonally, and miraculous holiness which is holiness of a purely Divine character, without a free, cooperating human factor, is no human holiness at all. This dogma reads Mary out of the human family, reduces her to an image and makes her life a phantasm. Moreover, the parallels which are adduced in its support are not true parallels at all.

Our Lord's sinlessness was not mechanically guaranteed by His miraculous conception (see VIRGIN BIRTH) but was His own achievement through the Holy Spirit granted to Him and personally appropriated. The Hallowing of Children at the Font (see Catholic Dictionary, 470a), the sanctifying of those "separated from the womb" (Galatians 1:15) to God's service, does not imply the miraculous guarantee of artificial sinlessness, but such a gracious influence as enables the subject freely cooperating to obtain victory over sin as a controlling principle. Actual sin and need of forgiveness is not pretermitted by such special grace.

We can only say, in conclusion, that every reason, which usually operates in a Christian mind to insure rejection of a false teaching, ought to preclude the possibility of accepting this peculiar dogma which is Scripturally baseless, historically unjustified and doctrinally unsound.


The best simple and reasonably fair-minded discussion of this dogma from the Roman Catholic viewpoint is to be found in the Catholic Dictionary already mentioned, where wide references will be found. For the Protestant view consult any authoritative church history, especially that of Professor H.C. Sheldon where copious references to Patristic literature will be found.

Louis Matthews Sweet



2602. katabole -- a laying down
... ay') Short Definition: a foundation, depositing, sowing Definition: (a) foundation,
(b) depositing, sowing, deposit, technically used of the act of conception. ...
// - 7k

3053. logismos -- a reasoning, a thought
... Masculine Transliteration: logismos Phonetic Spelling: (log-is-mos') Short Definition:
reasoning, thinking Definition: reasoning, thinking; a conception, device ...
// - 7k

12. abussos -- boundless, bottomless
... Spelling: (ab'-us-sos) Short Definition: the abyss, the unfathomable depth Definition:
the abyss, unfathomable depth, an especially Jewish conception, the home ...
// - 6k

Strong's Hebrew
2032. heron -- conception, pregnancy
... heron or herayon. 2033 . conception, pregnancy. Transliteration: heron or herayon
Phonetic Spelling: (hay-rone') Short Definition: childbirth. ... conception. ...
/hebrew/2032.htm - 6k

3336. yetser -- a form, framing, purpose
... frame, thing framed, imagination, mind, work. From yatsar; a form; figuratively,
conception (ie Purpose) -- frame, thing framed, imagination, mind, work. ...
/hebrew/3336.htm - 6k

7476. rayon -- a thought
... cogitation, thought. (Aramaic) corresponding to ra'yown; a grasp. Ie (figuratively)
mental conception -- cogitation, thought. see HEBREW ra'yown. 7475, 7476. ...
/hebrew/7476.htm - 6k

2031. harhor -- fancy, imagining
... thought. (Aramaic) from a root corresponding to harah; a mental conception -- thought.
see HEBREW harah. 2030, 2031. harhor. 2032 . Strong's Numbers.
/hebrew/2031.htm - 6k


The Immaculate Conception
/.../emmerich/the life of the blessed virgin mary/ii the immaculate conception.htm

Whether Christ's Conception was Natural?
conception was natural? Objection 1: It would seem ...
/.../aquinas/summa theologica/whether christs conception was natural.htm

Jesus' Conception of Himself
... Part III. The Minister IV Jesus' Conception of Himself. 252. When Jesus
called forth the confession of Peter at Caesarea Philippi ...
/.../rhees/the life of jesus of nazareth/iv jesus conception of himself.htm

The Argument for the Immaculate Conception.
... The Argument for the Immaculate Conception. ... But none of the Fathers thought
of making this prophecy prove the Immaculate Conception. ...
/.../ 29 the argument for.htm

The Papal Definition of the Immaculate Conception of the virgin ...
... The Papal Definition of the Immaculate Conception of the Virgin Mary, 1854.
Literature. I. In favor of the Immaculate Conception of Mary: ...
/.../ 28 the papal definition.htm

Concerning Conception and Articulation.
... Book II. Chapter XXI."Concerning Conception and Articulation. Again the reasoning
part of the soul is divided into conception and articulation. ...
/.../chapter xxi concerning conception and articulation.htm

Of the Active Principle in Christ's Conception (Four Articles)
Holy Ghost was the active principle of Christ's conception? ...
/...// theologica/of the active principle in.htm

Whether the Accomplishment of Christ's Conception Should be ...
accomplishment of Christ's conception should be attributed to the Holy Ghost? ...
/.../aquinas/summa theologica/whether the accomplishment of christs.htm

On the Conception of Our Lady, Also on Her Birth
... THE INNER WAY SERMON III On the Conception of Our Lady, also on Her Birth.
How men, when they are advancing, may learn to know their ...
// inner way/sermon iii on the conception.htm

Mythical view of the Miraculous Conception. --No Trace of it in ...
... CHAPTER II. THE MIRACULOUS CONCEPTION. Section 10. Mythical View of the
Miraculous Conception."No trace of it in the Narrative ...
/.../section 10 mythical view of.htm

Conception (6 Occurrences)
... 6. (n.) Idea; purpose; design. 7. (n.) Conceit; affected sentiment or thought. Int.
/c/conception.htm - 19k

... Noah Webster's Dictionary (a.) Without stain or blemish; spotless; undefiled; clear;
pure. Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. IMMACULATE CONCEPTION, THE. ...
/i/immaculate.htm - 16k

Eternity (23 Occurrences)
... The conception of eternity, as without beginning or ending, leaves us with
but a negation badly in need of filling out with reality. ...
/e/eternity.htm - 24k

Omnipotence (2 Occurrences)
... 2. Inherent in Old Testament Names of God: The formal conception of omnipotence
as worked out in theology does not occur in the Old Testament. ...
/o/omnipotence.htm - 24k

Idea (64 Occurrences)
... 2. (n.) A general notion, or a conception formed by generalization. 3.
(n.) Hence: Any object apprehended, conceived, or thought ...
/i/idea.htm - 27k

Holiness (76 Occurrences)
... IN THE NEW TESTAMENT: THE CHRISTIAN CONCEPTION 1. Applied to God 2. Applied To Christ
3. Applied To Things 4. Applied To Christians (1) As Separate from the ...
/h/holiness.htm - 42k

Choose (116 Occurrences)
... and because he would keep the oath which he sware unto your fathers" (Deuteronomy
7:6-8). Historically this idea originated in the old conception of Yahweh as ...
/c/choose.htm - 54k

Chosen (197 Occurrences)
... and because he would keep the oath which he sware unto your fathers" (Deuteronomy
7:6-8). Historically this idea originated in the old conception of Yahweh as ...
/c/chosen.htm - 53k

... The conception appears for the first time in Daniel 4:28 (English Versions 31)-it
is in the Aramaic portion-where, however, qal = qol, "voice" stands without ...
/k/kol.htm - 10k

Obey (219 Occurrences)
... 23). 2. The Old Testament Conception: The highest significance of its usage,
however, is that of the relation of man to God. Obedience ...
/o/obey.htm - 39k

What is the Immaculate Conception? |

Does the Bible teach that life begins at conception? |

Would a human clone have a soul? |

Conception: Dictionary and Thesaurus |

Bible ConcordanceBible DictionaryBible EncyclopediaTopical BibleBible Thesuarus
Conception (6 Occurrences)

Luke 2:21
When eight days had passed and the time for circumcising Him had come, He was called JESUS, the name given Him by the angel before His conception in the womb.

Hebrews 11:11
By faith also Sarah herself received strength for the conception of seed, and that beyond a seasonable age; since she counted him faithful who promised.

Genesis 3:16
Unto the woman he said, I will greatly multiply thy sorrow and thy conception; in sorrow thou shalt bring forth children; and thy desire shall be to thy husband, and he shall rule over thee.

Ruth 4:13
So Boaz took Ruth, and she became his wife; and he went in to her, and Yahweh gave her conception, and she bore a son.

Ecclesiastes 11:5
As thou knowest not what is the way of the spirit, nor the structure of the parts of conception in her that is with child: even so thou knowest not the works of God who maketh all.

Hosea 9:11
As for Ephraim, their glory will fly away like a bird. There will be no birth, none with child, and no conception.



Conception: Miraculous by Sarah

Conception: Miraculous: Elisabeth

Conception: Miraculous: Hannah

Conception: Miraculous: Manoah's Wife

Conception: Miraculous: Mary

Conception: Miraculous: Rachel

Conception: Miraculous: Rebekah

Related Terms


Eternity (23 Occurrences)

Omnipotence (2 Occurrences)

Idea (64 Occurrences)

Holiness (76 Occurrences)

Choose (116 Occurrences)

Chosen (197 Occurrences)


Obey (219 Occurrences)

Immortality (6 Occurrences)

Immortal (3 Occurrences)

Times (1875 Occurrences)

Restoration (4 Occurrences)


Species (1 Occurrence)

Guilt (180 Occurrences)

Creation (35 Occurrences)

Conceive (23 Occurrences)

Bath (13 Occurrences)

Lamb (124 Occurrences)

Heavens (548 Occurrences)

Time (7245 Occurrences)



Hades (11 Occurrences)

Righteousness (442 Occurrences)




Philosophy (1 Occurrence)


Redeemer (42 Occurrences)

Image (126 Occurrences)

Immanuel (3 Occurrences)

Earth (10501 Occurrences)


Redemption (46 Occurrences)





Fancy (1 Occurrence)

Form (153 Occurrences)

Foreknow (1 Occurrence)



Design (84 Occurrences)

Creator (19 Occurrences)


Foreknowledge (2 Occurrences)

Last (1087 Occurrences)


Teaching (372 Occurrences)

Brother (402 Occurrences)

Teacher (103 Occurrences)

Lake (45 Occurrences)

Teach (172 Occurrences)

Obedience (61 Occurrences)

Ephesians (4 Occurrences)



Messiah (9 Occurrences)

Offices (14 Occurrences)

Unchangeableness (1 Occurrence)

Unchangeable (4 Occurrences)

Atonement (112 Occurrences)

World (2829 Occurrences)


Tabernacle (333 Occurrences)

Stephen (13 Occurrences)

Paradise (6 Occurrences)


Eternal (166 Occurrences)

Truth (380 Occurrences)

Yahweh (6653 Occurrences)

Priesthood (30 Occurrences)

Citizenship (4 Occurrences)


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