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Smith's Bible Dictionary

Revised Version of (Acts 1:23) for BAR'sABAS.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

bar'-sa-bas, bar-sab'-as.



bar-sab'-as Barsabbas, or Barsabas; the King James Version Barsabas, bar'-sa-bas; for etymology, etc., of Joseph, see general article on JOSEPH): Joseph Barsabbas was surnamed Justus (Acts 1:23). Barsabbas was probably a patronymic, i.e. son of Sabba or Seba. Other interpretations given are "son of an oath," "son of an old man," "son of conversion," "son of quiet." It is likely that the "Judas called Barsabbas" of Acts 15:22 was his brother. Ewald considers that both names refer to the same person, but this is improbable.

Joseph was one of those who accompanied the apostles "all the time that the Lord Jesus went in and went out among us, beginning from the baptism of John, unto the day that he was received up from us" (Acts 1:21, 22). At the meeting of the brethren under the presidency of Peter in Jerusalem shortly after the crucifixion, he was, therefore, proposed along with Matthias as a suitable candidate for the place in the apostleship left vacant by the treachery and death of Judas Iscariot; but was unsuccessful (Acts 1:15-26).

According to Eusebius (Historia Ecclesiastica, I, 12), Joseph was one of the 70 (Luke 10:1), and Papias records the oral tradition that he drank a cup of poison without harm (compare Mark 16:18). The Acts of Paul, a work belonging to the 2nd century and first mentioned by Origen, relates that Barsabbas, Justus the Flatfoot and others were imprisoned by Nero for protesting their faith in Christ, but that upon a vision of the newly martyred Paul appearing to the emperor, he ordered their immediate release.

C. M. Kerr


bar-sab-'as (Ioudas Barsabbas): Judas was, with Silas, a delegate from the church in Jerusalem to the GentileChristians of Antioch, Syria and Cilicia. They were appointed to convey the letter containing the decision of "the apostles and the elders, with the whole church" regarding the attitude to be taken by GentileChristians toward the Mosaic law, and also to explain "the same things by word of mouth." They accompanied Paul and Barnabas to Antioch, and, "being themselves also prophets," i.e. preachers, they not only handed over the epistle but stayed some time in the city preaching and teaching. They seem to have gone no farther than Antioch, for "they were dismissed in peace from the brethren unto those that had sent them forth," and it was Paul and Silas who some time afterward strengthened the churches in Syria and Cilicia (Acts 15:40, 41).

According to Acts 15:34 the King James Version, Judas returned to Jerusalem without Silas, who remained at Antioch and afterward became Paul's companion (Acts 15:40). The oldest manuscripts, however, omit Acts 15:34, and it is therefore omitted from the Revised Version (British and American). It was probably a marginal note to explain Acts 15:40, and in time it crept into the text. Judas and Silas are called "chief men among the brethren" (15:22), probably elders, and "prophets" (15:32).

Barsabbas being a patronymic, Judas was probably the brother of Joseph Barsabbas. He cannot be identified with any other Judas, e.g. "Judas not Iscariot" (John 14:22). We hear no more of Judas after his return to Jerusalem (Acts 15:22).

S. F. Hunter

923. Barsabbas -- "son of Sabba," Barsabbas, the surname of two ...
... 922, 923. Barsabbas. 924 . "son of Sabba," Barsabbas, the surname of
two Israelites Christian. Part of Speech: Noun, Masculine ...
// - 6k

2459. Ioustos -- Justus, the name of three Christians
... Masculine Transliteration: Ioustos Phonetic Spelling: (ee-ooce'-tos) Short Definition:
Justus Definition: Justus, (a) a surname of Joseph Barsabbas, one of the ...
// - 6k


The Writings of Papias.
... And he tells another wonderful story of Justus, surnamed Barsabbas: that he drank
a deadly poison, and yet, by the grace of the Lord, suffered no harm. 10. ...
/.../pamphilius/church history/chapter xxxix the writings of papias.htm

The Church History of Eusebius. Index of Subjects.
The life of constantine. <. ...
/.../pamphilius/the life of constantine/the church history of eusebius.htm

The Heresies Attacked by the Apostles.
... to send men chosen from among our own selves, with Barnabas, and Paul of Tarsus,
the apostle of the Gentiles, and Judas who was called Barsabbas, and Silas ...
/.../various/constitutions of the holy apostles/sec iii the heresies attacked by.htm

Paul Before his Conversion.
... There are many similar instances of double names among the Jews of that time, as
Hillel and Pollio, Cephas and Peter, John and Mark, Barsabbas and Justus ...
/.../schaff/history of the christian church volume i/section 30 paul before his.htm

The Synod of Jerusalem, and the Compromise Between Jewish and ...
... decree was delivered by four special messengers, two representing the church at
Antioch, Barnabas and Paul, and two from Jerusalem, Judas Barsabbas and Silas ...
/.../schaff/history of the christian church volume i/section 34 the synod of.htm

Barsabbas (2 Occurrences)
... Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia BARSABAS; BARSABBAS. bar'-sa-bas,
/b/barsabbas.htm - 11k

Matthias (2 Occurrences)
... ma-thi'-as (Matthias, or Maththias; Mattithyah, "given of Yah"): Matthias was the
one upon whom the lot fell when he, along with Joseph Barsabbas, was put ...
/m/matthias.htm - 9k

Barsabas (2 Occurrences)
... Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. BARSABAS; BARSABBAS. bar'-sa-bas, bar-sab'-as.
See JOSEPH BARSABBAS; JUDAS BARSABBAS. Multi-Version Concordance ...
/b/barsabas.htm - 7k

Surname (11 Occurrences)
... Acts 10:5, 32; Acts 11:13); of Mark-John whose surname was Mark (Acts 12:12, 25;
Acts 15:37); of Judas-surnamed Iscariot (Luke 22:3); of Barsabbas-who was ...
/s/surname.htm - 12k

Justus (3 Occurrences)
... jus'-tus (Ioustos): There are three of this name mentioned in the New Testament.
(1) It was the Roman surname of JOSEPH BARSABBAS (which see) (Acts 1:23). ...
/j/justus.htm - 12k

Judas (42 Occurrences)
... J. Hutchinson. JUDAS BARSABBAS. bar-sab-'as ... 15:32). Barsabbas being a patronymic,
Judas was probably the brother of Joseph Barsabbas. He ...
/j/judas.htm - 45k

Juda (11 Occurrences)
... A house is pointed out as his, in a lane off the Straight Street. (7) Judas
Barsabbas (Acts 15:22, 27, 32; see separate article). SF Hunter. ...
/j/juda.htm - 12k

Poison (17 Occurrences)
... In this connection the story in Eusebius (Historia Ecclesiastica, III, 39) is
interesting, that "Justus surnamed Barsabbas, though he drank a deadly poison ...
/p/poison.htm - 17k

Bar-sabbas (2 Occurrences)
Bar-sabbas. Barsabbas, Bar-sabbas. Barsab'bas . Multi-Version Concordance
Bar-sabbas (2 Occurrences). ... Barsabbas, Bar-sabbas. Barsab'bas . Reference Bible
/b/bar-sabbas.htm - 7k

Bar (27 Occurrences)
... of persons. Compare Barabbas; Bar-Jesus; Bar-Jonah; Barnabas; Barsabbas;
Bartholomew; Bartimeus. See BEN. BAR (2). bar (substantive ...
/b/bar.htm - 21k

Was Matthias or Paul God's choice to replace Judas as the 12th apostle? |

What are the biblical qualifications for apostleship? |

Who were the 70 (or 72) disciples in Luke 10? |

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