Genesis 36:31
Text Analysis
Strong'sHebrewEnglishMorphology
428 [e]וְאֵ֙לֶּה֙
wə-’êl-leh
And these [were]Conj-w | Pro-cp
4428 [e]הַמְּלָכִ֔ים
ham-mə-lā-ḵîm,
the kingsArt | N-mp
834 [e]אֲשֶׁ֥ר
’ă-šer
whoPro-r
4427 [e]מָלְכ֖וּ
mā-lə-ḵū
reignedV-Qal-Perf-3cp
776 [e]בְּאֶ֣רֶץ
bə-’e-reṣ
in the landPrep-b | N-fsc
123 [e]אֱד֑וֹם
’ĕ-ḏō-wm;
of EdomN-proper-ms
6440 [e]לִפְנֵ֥י
lip̄-nê
beforePrep-l | N-cpc
4427 [e]מְלָךְ־
mə-lāḵ-
there reignedV-Qal-Inf
4428 [e]מֶ֖לֶךְ
me-leḵ
any king reignedN-ms
1121 [e]לִבְנֵ֥י
liḇ-nê
over the sonsPrep-l | N-mpc
3478 [e]יִשְׂרָאֵֽל׃
yiś-rā-’êl.
of IsraelN-proper-ms









Hebrew Texts
בראשית 36:31 Hebrew OT: Westminster Leningrad Codex
וְאֵ֙לֶּה֙ הַמְּלָכִ֔ים אֲשֶׁ֥ר מָלְכ֖וּ בְּאֶ֣רֶץ אֱדֹ֑ום לִפְנֵ֥י מְלָךְ־מֶ֖לֶךְ לִבְנֵ֥י יִשְׂרָאֵֽל׃

בראשית 36:31 Hebrew OT: WLC (Consonants Only)
ואלה המלכים אשר מלכו בארץ אדום לפני מלך־מלך לבני ישראל׃

בראשית 36:31 Paleo-Hebrew OT: WLC (Font Required)
ואלה המלכים אשר מלכו בארץ אדום לפני מלך־מלך לבני ישראל׃

בראשית 36:31 Hebrew Bible
ואלה המלכים אשר מלכו בארץ אדום לפני מלך מלך לבני ישראל׃

Parallel Verses
New American Standard Bible
Now these are the kings who reigned in the land of Edom before any king reigned over the sons of Israel.

King James Bible
And these are the kings that reigned in the land of Edom, before there reigned any king over the children of Israel.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
These are the kings who ruled in the land of Edom before any king ruled over the Israelites:
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the kings.

Genesis 17:6,16 And I will make you exceeding fruitful, and I will make nations of …

Genesis 25:23 And the LORD said to her, Two nations are in your womb, and two manner …

Numbers 20:14 And Moses sent messengers from Kadesh to the king of Edom, Thus said …

Numbers 24:17,18 I shall see him, but not now: I shall behold him, but not near: there …

Deuteronomy 17:14-20 When you are come to the land which the LORD your God gives you, …

Deuteronomy 33:5,29 And he was king in Jeshurun, when the heads of the people and the …

1 Chronicles 1:43-50 Now these are the kings that reigned in the land of Edom before any …

before there. Moses may here allude to the promise which God made to Jacob (ch.

Genesis 35:11 And God said to him, I am God Almighty: be fruitful and multiply; …

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Genesis 36:30
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