Psalm 40:2
Parallel Verses
New International Version
He lifted me out of the slimy pit, out of the mud and mire; he set my feet on a rock and gave me a firm place to stand.

King James Bible
He brought me up also out of an horrible pit, out of the miry clay, and set my feet upon a rock, and established my goings.

Darby Bible Translation
And he brought me up out of the pit of destruction, out of the miry clay, and set my feet upon a rock; he hath established my goings:

World English Bible
He brought me up also out of a horrible pit, out of the miry clay. He set my feet on a rock, and gave me a firm place to stand.

Young's Literal Translation
And He doth cause me to come up From a pit of desolation -- from mire of mud, And He raiseth up on a rock my feet, He is establishing my steps.

Psalm 40:2 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

A horrible pit - Literally, the sounding pit; where nothing was heard except the howlings of wild beasts, or the hollow sounds of winds reverberated and broken from the craggy sides and roof.

The miry clay - Where the longer I stayed the deeper I sank, and was utterly unable to save myself. The Syriac and Arabic translate "The pit of perdition, and the mud of corruption." These are figurative expressions to point out the dreary, dismal, ruinous state of sin and guilt, and the utter inability of a condemned sinner to save himself either from the guilt of his conscience, or the corruption of his heart.

Set my feet upon a rock - Thou hast changed my state from guilt to pardon; from corruption to holiness; in consequence of which my goings are established. I have now power over all sin, and can walk steadily in the way that leads to God's kingdom.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

brought

Psalm 18:16,17 He sent from above, he took me, he drew me out of many waters...

Psalm 71:20 You, which have showed me great and sore troubles, shall quicken me again, and shall bring me up again from the depths of the earth.

Psalm 86:13 For great is your mercy toward me: and you have delivered my soul from the lowest hell.

Psalm 116:3 The sorrows of death compassed me, and the pains of hell got hold on me: I found trouble and sorrow.

Psalm 142:6,7 Attend to my cry; for I am brought very low: deliver me from my persecutors; for they are stronger than I...

Psalm 143:3 For the enemy has persecuted my soul; he has smitten my life down to the ground; he has made me to dwell in darkness...

Isaiah 24:22 And they shall be gathered together, as prisoners are gathered in the pit, and shall be shut up in the prison...

Jonah 2:5,6 The waters compassed me about, even to the soul: the depth closed me round about, the weeds were wrapped about my head...

Zechariah 9:11 As for you also, by the blood of your covenant I have sent forth your prisoners out of the pit wherein is no water.

Acts 2:24,27-31 Whom God has raised up, having loosed the pains of death: because it was not possible that he should be held of it...

horrible pit [heb.] pit of noise

Matthew 13:50 And shall cast them into the furnace of fire: there shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth.

the miry

Psalm 69:2,14,15 I sink in deep mire, where there is no standing: I am come into deep waters, where the floods overflow me...

Jeremiah 38:6-12 Then took they Jeremiah, and cast him into the dungeon of Malchiah the son of Hammelech, that was in the court of the prison...

Lamentations 3:53-55 They have cut off my life in the dungeon, and cast a stone on me...

set

Psalm 27:5 For in the time of trouble he shall hide me in his pavilion: in the secret of his tabernacle shall he hide me...

Psalm 61:2 From the end of the earth will I cry to you, when my heart is overwhelmed: lead me to the rock that is higher than I.

Matthew 7:24,25 Therefore whoever hears these sayings of mine, and does them, I will liken him to a wise man, which built his house on a rock...

established

Psalm 17:5 Hold up my goings in your paths, that my footsteps slip not.

Psalm 18:36 You have enlarged my steps under me, that my feet did not slip.

Psalm 37:23 The steps of a good man are ordered by the LORD: and he delights in his way.

Psalm 119:133 Order my steps in your word: and let not any iniquity have dominion over me.

Library
Two Innumerable Series
'Many, O Lord my God, are Thy wonderful works which Thou hast done, and Thy thoughts which are to us-ward: they cannot be reckoned up in order unto Thee: if I would declare and speak of them, they are more than can be numbered ... 12. Innumerable evils have compassed me about: mine iniquities have taken hold upon me, so that I am not able to look up; they are more than the hairs of mine head; therefore my heart faileth me.'--PSALMS xl. 5, 12. So then, there are two series of things which cannot be
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Brought up from the Horrible Pit
I shall ask you, then, at this time, to observe our divine Lord when in His greatest trouble. Notice, first, our Lord's behavior--"I waited patiently for the Lord; and he inclined unto me, and heard my cry": then consider, secondly, our Lord deliverance, expressed by the phrase, "He brought me up also out of a horrible pit, out of the miry clay," and so forth: then let us think, thirdly of the Lord's reward for it--"many shall see, and fear, and trust in the Lord":--that is His great end and object,
Charles Haddon Spurgeon—Spurgeon's Sermons Volume 28: 1882

The History of the Psalter
[Sidenote: Nature of the Psalter] Corresponding to the book of Proverbs, itself a select library containing Israel's best gnomic literature, is the Psalter, the compendium of the nation's lyrical songs and hymns and prayers. It is the record of the soul experiences of the race. Its language is that of the heart, and its thoughts of common interest to worshipful humanity. It reflects almost every phase of religious feeling: penitence, doubt, remorse, confession, fear, faith, hope, adoration, and
Charles Foster Kent—The Origin & Permanent Value of the Old Testament

Life Hid and not Hid
'Thy word have I hid in my heart.'--PSALM cxix. 11. 'I have not hid Thy righteousness in my heart.'--PSALM xl. 10. Then there are two kinds of hiding--one right and one wrong: one essential to the life of the Christian, one inconsistent with it. He is a shallow Christian who has no secret depths in his religion. He is a cowardly or a lazy one, at all events an unworthy one, who does not exhibit, to the utmost of his power, his religion. It is bad to have all the goods in the shop window; it is just
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Cross References
Psalm 7:9
Bring to an end the violence of the wicked and make the righteous secure-- you, the righteous God who probes minds and hearts.

Psalm 18:29
With your help I can advance against a troop; with my God I can scale a wall.

Psalm 26:12
My feet stand on level ground; in the great congregation I will praise the LORD.

Psalm 27:5
For in the day of trouble he will keep me safe in his dwelling; he will hide me in the shelter of his sacred tent and set me high upon a rock.

Psalm 37:23
The LORD makes firm the steps of the one who delights in him;

Psalm 69:2
I sink in the miry depths, where there is no foothold. I have come into the deep waters; the floods engulf me.

Psalm 69:14
Rescue me from the mire, do not let me sink; deliver me from those who hate me, from the deep waters.

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