Psalm 19:7
Parallel Verses
New International Version
The law of the LORD is perfect, refreshing the soul. The statutes of the LORD are trustworthy, making wise the simple.

King James Bible
The law of the LORD is perfect, converting the soul: the testimony of the LORD is sure, making wise the simple.

Darby Bible Translation
The law of Jehovah is perfect, restoring the soul; the testimony of Jehovah is sure, making wise the simple;

World English Bible
Yahweh's law is perfect, restoring the soul. Yahweh's testimony is sure, making wise the simple.

Young's Literal Translation
The law of Jehovah is perfect, refreshing the soul, The testimonies of Jehovah are stedfast, Making wise the simple,

Psalm 19:7 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

The law of the Lord - And here are two books of Divine Revelation:

1. The visible Heavens, and the works of creation in general.

2. The Bible, or Divinely inspired writings contained in the Old and New Testaments.

These may all be called the Law of the Lord; תורה torah, from ירה yarah, to instruct, direct, put straight, guide. It is God's system of instruction, by which men are taught the knowledge of God and themselves, directed how to walk so as to please God, redeemed from crooked paths, and guided in the way everlasting. Some think that תורה torah means the preceptive part of Revelation. Some of the primitive fathers have mentioned three Laws given by God to man:

1. The law of nature, which teaches the knowledge of God, as to his eternal power and Deity, by the visible creation.

2. The law given to Moses and the prophets, which teaches more perfectly the knowledge of God, his nature, his will and our duty.

3. The law of grace given by Christ Jesus, which shows the doctrine of the atonement, of purification, and of the resurrection of the body.

The first is written in hieroglyphics in the heavens and the earth. The second was written on tables of stone, and in many rites and ceremonies. The third is to be written on the heart by the power of the Holy Ghost.

Is perfect - תמימה temimah, it is perfection, it is perfect in itself as a law, and requires perfection in the hearts and lives of men. This is Its character.

Converting the soul - Turning it back to God. Restoring it to right reason, or to a sound mind; teaching it its own interest in reference to both worlds. This is Its use.

The testimony of the Lord - עדות eduth, from עד ad, beyond, forward. The various types and appointments of the law, which refer to something beyond themselves, and point forward to the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world. Some understand, the doctrinal parts of the law.

Is sure - נאמנה neemanah, are faithful; they point out the things beyond them fairly, truly, and fully, and make no vain or false report. They all bear testimony to the great atonement. This is Their character.

Making wise the simple - The simple is he who has but one end in view: who is concerned about his soul, and earnestly inquires, "What shall I do to be saved?" These testimonies point to the atonement, and thus the simple-hearted is made wise unto salvation. This is Their use.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

law or doctrine

Psalm 78:1-7 Give ear, O my people, to my law: incline your ears to the words of my mouth...

Psalm 119:72,96-100,105,127,128 The law of your mouth is better to me than thousands of gold and silver...

Psalm 147:19,20 He shows his word to Jacob, his statutes and his judgments to Israel...

Deuteronomy 6:6-9 And these words, which I command you this day, shall be in your heart...

Deuteronomy 17:18-20 And it shall be, when he sits on the throne of his kingdom...

Joshua 1:8 This book of the law shall not depart out of your mouth; but you shall meditate therein day and night...

Job 23:12 Neither have I gone back from the commandment of his lips; I have esteemed the words of his mouth more than my necessary food.

Romans 3:2 Much every way: chiefly, because that to them were committed the oracles of God.

Romans 15:4 For whatever things were written aforetime were written for our learning...

perfect

Psalm 18:30 As for God, his way is perfect: the word of the LORD is tried: he is a buckler to all those that trust in him.

Psalm 11:7 For the righteous LORD loves righteousness; his countenance does behold the upright.

Deuteronomy 32:4 He is the Rock, his work is perfect: for all his ways are judgment: a God of truth and without iniquity, just and right is he.

Romans 12:2 And be not conformed to this world: but be you transformed by the renewing of your mind, that you may prove what is that good...

James 1:17 Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and comes down from the Father of lights, with whom is no ficklenss...

converting. or, restoring

Psalm 23:3 He restores my soul: he leads me in the paths of righteousness for his name's sake.

Psalm 119:9 Wherewithal shall a young man cleanse his way? by taking heed thereto according to your word.

James 1:21-25 Why lay apart all filthiness and superfluity of naughtiness, and receive with meekness the engrafted word...

testimony

Psalm 93:5 Your testimonies are very sure: holiness becomes your house, O LORD, for ever.

Psalm 119:14,24,111,152 I have rejoiced in the way of your testimonies, as much as in all riches...

Isaiah 8:16,20 Bind up the testimony, seal the law among my disciples...

John 3:32,33 And what he has seen and heard, that he testifies; and no man receives his testimony...

John 5:39 Search the scriptures; for in them you think you have eternal life: and they are they which testify of me.

Acts 10:43 To him give all the prophets witness, that through his name whoever believes in him shall receive remission of sins.

2 Timothy 1:8 Be not you therefore ashamed of the testimony of our Lord, nor of me his prisoner...

1 John 5:9-12 If we receive the witness of men, the witness of God is greater: for this is the witness of God which he has testified of his Son...

Revelation 19:10 And I fell at his feet to worship him. And he said to me, See you do it not: I am your fellow servant...

sure

Psalm 111:7 The works of his hands are verity and judgment; all his commandments are sure.

2 Samuel 23:5 Although my house be not so with God; yet he has made with me an everlasting covenant, ordered in all things, and sure...

2 Timothy 2:19 Nevertheless the foundation of God stands sure, having this seal, The Lord knows them that are his. And...

Hebrews 6:18,19 That by two immutable things, in which it was impossible for God to lie, we might have a strong consolation...

making

Psalm 119:130 The entrance of your words gives light; it gives understanding to the simple.

Proverbs 1:4,22,23 To give subtlety to the simple, to the young man knowledge and discretion...

Colossians 3:16 Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly in all wisdom; teaching and admonishing one another in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs...

2 Timothy 3:15-17 And that from a child you have known the holy scriptures...

Library
Secret Faults
'Who can understand his errors? cleanse Thou me from secret faults.' PSALM xix. 12. The contemplation of the 'perfect law, enlightening the eyes,' sends the Psalmist to his knees. He is appalled by his own shortcomings, and feels that, beside all those of which he is aware, there is a region, as yet unilluminated by that law, where evil things nestle and breed. The Jewish ritual drew a broad distinction between inadvertent--whether involuntary or ignorant--and deliberate sins; providing atonement
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Secret Sins
Now, David, having seen God's law, and having praised it in this Psalm, which I have read in your hearing, he is brought, by reflecting on its excellency, to utter this thought, "Who can understand his errors?" and then to offer this prayer, "Cleanse thou me from secret faults." In the Lateran Council of the Church of Rome, a decree was passed that every true believer must confess his sins, all of them, once a year to the priest, and they affixed to it this declaration, that there is no hope of pardon
Charles Haddon Spurgeon—Spurgeon's Sermons Volume 3: 1857

Letter xxii. St. Ambrose in a Letter to his Sister Gives an Account of the Finding Of...
St. Ambrose in a letter to his sister gives an account of the finding of the bodies of SS. Gervasius and Protasius, and of his addresses to the people on that occasion. Preaching from Psalm xix., he allegorically expounded the "heavens" to represent the martyrs and apostles, and the "day" he takes to be their confession. They were humbled by God, and then raised again. He then gives an account of the state in which their bodies were found, and of their translation to the basilica. In another address
St. Ambrose—Works and Letters of St. Ambrose

The Progress of the Gospel
Their sound went into all the earth, and their words unto the end of the world. T he heavens declare the glory of God (Psalm 19:1) . The grandeur of the arch over our heads, the number and lustre of the stars, the beauty of the light, the splendour of the sun, the regular succession of day and night, and of the seasons of the year, are such proofs of infinite wisdom and power, that the Scripture attributes to them a voice, a universal language, intelligible to all mankind, accommodated to every capacity.
John Newton—Messiah Vol. 2

Cross References
Deuteronomy 4:6
Observe them carefully, for this will show your wisdom and understanding to the nations, who will hear about all these decrees and say, "Surely this great nation is a wise and understanding people."

Nehemiah 9:13
"You came down on Mount Sinai; you spoke to them from heaven. You gave them regulations and laws that are just and right, and decrees and commands that are good.

Psalm 18:30
As for God, his way is perfect: The LORD's word is flawless; he shields all who take refuge in him.

Psalm 23:3
he refreshes my soul. He guides me along the right paths for his name's sake.

Psalm 78:5
He decreed statutes for Jacob and established the law in Israel, which he commanded our ancestors to teach their children,

Psalm 93:5
Your statutes, LORD, stand firm; holiness adorns your house for endless days.

Psalm 111:7
The works of his hands are faithful and just; all his precepts are trustworthy.

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