Job 18:14
Parallel Verses
New International Version
He is torn from the security of his tent and marched off to the king of terrors.

King James Bible
His confidence shall be rooted out of his tabernacle, and it shall bring him to the king of terrors.

Darby Bible Translation
His confidence shall be rooted out of his tent, and it shall lead him away to the king of terrors:

World English Bible
He shall be rooted out of his tent where he trusts. He shall be brought to the king of terrors.

Young's Literal Translation
Drawn from his tent is his confidence, And it causeth him to step to the king of terrors.

Job 18:14 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

His confidence shall be rooted out - His dwelling-place, how well soever fortified, shah now he deemed utterly insecure.

And it shall bring him to the king of terrors - Or, as Mr. Good translates, "And dissolution shall invade him as a monarch." He shall be completely and finally overpowered. The phrase king of terrors has been generally thought to mean death; but it is not used in any such way in the text. For למלך בלהות lemelech ballahoth, to the king of destructions, one of De Rossi's MSS. has כמלך kemelech, "as a king;" and one, instead of בלהות ballahoth, with ו vau holem, to indicate the plural, terrors or destructions, has בלהות ballahuth, with ו vau shurek, which is singular, and signifies terror, destruction. So the Vulgate seems to have read, as it translates, Et calcet super eum, quasi rex, interitis; "And shall tread upon him as a king or destroyer. Or as a king who is determined utterly to destroy him." On this verse the bishop of Killala, Dr. Stock, says, "I am sorry to part with a beautiful phrase in our common version, the king of terrors, as descriptive of death; but there is no authority for it in the Hebrew text." It may however be stated that death has been denominated by similar epithets both among the Greeks and Romans.

So Virgil, Aen. vi., ver. 100. -

Quando hic inferni janua regi Dicitur.

"The gates of the king of hell are reported to be here."

And Ovid, Metam. lib. v., ver. 356, 359.

Inde tremit tellus: et rex pavit ipse silentum.

Hanc metuens cladem, tenebrosa sede tyrannus Exierat.

"Earth's inmost bowels quake, and nature groans;

His terrors reach the direful King of Hell.

Fearing this destruction, the tyrant left hisgloomy court."

And in Sophocles, (Oedip. Colon., ver. 1628, edit. Johnson).

Εννυχιων αναξ,

Αιδωνευ.

continued...

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

confidence

Job 8:14 Whose hope shall be cut off, and whose trust shall be a spider's web.

Job 11:20 But the eyes of the wicked shall fail, and they shall not escape, and their hope shall be as the giving up of the ghost.

Psalm 112:10 The wicked shall see it, and be grieved; he shall gnash with his teeth, and melt away: the desire of the wicked shall perish.

Proverbs 10:28 The hope of the righteous shall be gladness: but the expectation of the wicked shall perish.

Matthew 7:26,27 And every one that hears these sayings of mine, and does them not, shall be likened to a foolish man...

the king

Job 24:17 For the morning is to them even as the shadow of death: if one know them, they are in the terrors of the shadow of death.

Job 41:34 He beholds all high things: he is a king over all the children of pride.

Psalm 55:4 My heart is sore pained within me: and the terrors of death are fallen on me.

Proverbs 14:32 The wicked is driven away in his wickedness: but the righteous has hope in his death.

1 Corinthians 15:55,56 O death, where is your sting? O grave, where is your victory...

Hebrews 2:15 And deliver them who through fear of death were all their lifetime subject to bondage.

Library
Whether the Fire of Hell is Beneath the Earth?
Objection 1: It would seem that this fire is not beneath the earth. For it is said of the damned (Job 18:18), "And God shall remove him out of the globe [Douay: 'world']." Therefore the fire whereby the damned will be punished is not beneath the earth but outside the globe. Objection 2: Further, nothing violent or accidental can be everlasting. But this fire will be in hell for ever. Therefore it will be there, not by force but naturally. Now fire cannot be under the earth save by violence. Therefore
Saint Thomas Aquinas—Summa Theologica

Whether the Fire of Hell is of the Same Species as Ours?
Objection 1: It would seem that this fire is not of the same species as the corporeal fire which we see. For Augustine says (De Civ. Dei xx, 16): "In my opinion no man knows of what kind is the everlasting fire, unless the Spirit of God has revealed it to anyone." But all or nearly all know the nature of this fire of ours. Therefore that fire is not of the same species as this. Objection 2: Further, Gregory commenting on Job 10:26, "A fire that is not kindled shall devour him," says (Moral. xv):
Saint Thomas Aquinas—Summa Theologica

Cross References
Job 8:22
Your enemies will be clothed in shame, and the tents of the wicked will be no more."

Job 15:21
Terrifying sounds fill his ears; when all seems well, marauders attack him.

Job 18:6
The light in his tent becomes dark; the lamp beside him goes out.

Job 20:25
He pulls it out of his back, the gleaming point out of his liver. Terrors will come over him;

Job 27:18
The house he builds is like a moth's cocoon, like a hut made by a watchman.

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