Jeremiah 51:27
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"Lift up a banner in the land! Blow the trumpet among the nations! Prepare the nations for battle against her; summon against her these kingdoms: Ararat, Minni and Ashkenaz. Appoint a commander against her; send up horses like a swarm of locusts.

King James Bible
Set ye up a standard in the land, blow the trumpet among the nations, prepare the nations against her, call together against her the kingdoms of Ararat, Minni, and Ashchenaz; appoint a captain against her; cause the horses to come up as the rough caterpillers.

Darby Bible Translation
Lift up a banner in the land, blow the trumpet among the nations, prepare nations against her; call together against her the kingdoms of Ararat, Minni, and Ashkenaz; appoint a captain against her; cause the horses to come up as the bristly caterpillars.

World English Bible
Set up a standard in the land, blow the trumpet among the nations, prepare the nations against her, call together against her the kingdoms of Ararat, Minni, and Ashkenaz: appoint a marshal against her; cause the horses to come up as the rough canker worm.

Young's Literal Translation
Lift ye up an ensign in the land, Blow a trumpet among nations, Sanctify against it nations, Summon against it the kingdoms of Ararat, Minni, and Ashkenaz, Appoint against it an infant head, Cause the horse to ascend as the rough cankerworm.

Jeremiah 51:27 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Set ye up a standard - Another summons to the Medes and Persians to attack Babylon.

Ararat, Minni - The Greater and Lesser Armenia.

And Ashchenaz - A part of Phrygia, near the Hellespont. So Bochart, Phaleg, lib. 1 Corinthians 3, lib. 3 c. 9. Concerning Ashchenaz Homer seems to speak, Il. 2:370, 371: -

Φορκυς αυ Φρυγας ηγε, και Ασκανιος θεοειδης,

Τηλ' εξ Ασκανιης.

"Ascanius, godlike youth, and Phorcys led

The Phrygians from Ascania's distant land."

Calmet thinks that the Ascantes, who dwelt in the vicinity of the Tanais, are meant.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

ye up

Jeremiah 51:12 Set up the standard on the walls of Babylon, make the watch strong, set up the watchmen, prepare the ambushes...

Jeremiah 6:1 O you children of Benjamin, gather yourselves to flee out of the middle of Jerusalem, and blow the trumpet in Tekoa...

Jeremiah 50:2,41 Declare you among the nations, and publish, and set up a standard; publish, and conceal not: say, Babylon is taken...

Isaiah 13:2-5 Lift you up a banner on the high mountain, exalt the voice to them, shake the hand, that they may go into the gates of the nobles...

Isaiah 18:3 All you inhabitants of the world, and dwellers on the earth, see you, when he lifts up an ensign on the mountains...

Amos 3:6 Shall a trumpet be blown in the city, and the people not be afraid? shall there be evil in a city, and the LORD has not done it?

Zechariah 14:2 For I will gather all nations against Jerusalem to battle; and the city shall be taken, and the houses rifled, and the women ravished...

prepare

Jeremiah 25:14 For many nations and great kings shall serve themselves of them also: and I will recompense them according to their deeds...

Ararat Bochart reasonably concludes Ararat and Minni to be the greater and lesser Armenia; and Ashchenaz he thinks formed part of Phrygia near the Hellespout, part of the country being called Ascania by Homer, Cyrus had conquered Armenia, defeated Croesus, king of lydia, (B.C.

548) and subdued several nations from the Aegean seas to the Euphrates, before he marched against Babylon; and Xenophon also informs us that there were not only Armenians, but both Phrygians and Cappadocians in the army of Cyrus

Genesis 8:4 And the ark rested in the seventh month, on the seventeenth day of the month, on the mountains of Ararat.

Ashchenaz

Genesis 10:3 And the sons of Gomer; Ashkenaz, and Riphath, and Togarmah.

Ashkenaz

1 Chronicles 1:6 And the sons of Gomer; Ashchenaz, and Riphath, and Togarmah.

cause

Jeremiah 51:14 The LORD of hosts has sworn by himself, saying, Surely I will fill you with men, as with caterpillars...

Jeremiah 46:23 They shall cut down her forest, said the LORD, though it cannot be searched; because they are more than the grasshoppers...

Jeremiah 50:41,42 Behold, a people shall come from the north, and a great nation, and many kings shall be raised up from the coasts of the earth...

Judges 6:5 For they came up with their cattle and their tents, and they came as grasshoppers for multitude...

Joel 2:2,3 A day of darkness and of gloominess, a day of clouds and of thick darkness, as the morning spread on the mountains...

Nahum 3:15-17 There shall the fire devour you; the sword shall cut you off, it shall eat you up like the cankerworm...

Revelation 9:7-11 And the shapes of the locusts were like to horses prepared to battle; and on their heads were as it were crowns like gold...

After Cyrus had been the instrument in the hands of God of taking Babylon, he marched against Tomyris, queen of the Massagetae, a Scythian nation, and totally defeated. (B.C.

530) The victorious queen, who had lost her son in a previous battle, was so incensed against Cyrus, that she cut off his head, and threw it into a vessel filled with human blood, exclaiming, `Sattia te sanguine, quem sitisti.'

Library
The Power of Assyria at Its Zenith; Esarhaddon and Assur-Bani-Pal
The Medes and Cimmerians: Lydia--The conquest of Egypt, of Arabia, and of Elam. As we have already seen, Sennacherib reigned for eight years after his triumph; eight years of tranquillity at home, and of peace with all his neighbours abroad. If we examine the contemporary monuments or the documents of a later period, and attempt to glean from them some details concerning the close of his career, we find that there is a complete absence of any record of national movement on the part of either Elam,
G. Maspero—History Of Egypt, Chaldaea, Syria, Babylonia, and Assyria, V 8

The Last King of Judah
Zedekiah at the beginning of his reign was trusted fully by the king of Babylon and had as a tried counselor the prophet Jeremiah. By pursuing an honorable course toward the Babylonians and by paying heed to the messages from the Lord through Jeremiah, he could have kept the respect of many in high authority and have had opportunity to communicate to them a knowledge of the true God. Thus the captive exiles already in Babylon would have been placed on vantage ground and granted many liberties; the
Ellen Gould White—The Story of Prophets and Kings

Cross References
Genesis 8:4
and on the seventeenth day of the seventh month the ark came to rest on the mountains of Ararat.

Genesis 10:3
The sons of Gomer: Ashkenaz, Riphath and Togarmah.

2 Kings 19:37
One day, while he was worshiping in the temple of his god Nisrok, his sons Adrammelek and Sharezer killed him with the sword, and they escaped to the land of Ararat. And Esarhaddon his son succeeded him as king.

Isaiah 13:2
Raise a banner on a bare hilltop, shout to them; beckon to them to enter the gates of the nobles.

Isaiah 18:3
All you people of the world, you who live on the earth, when a banner is raised on the mountains, you will see it, and when a trumpet sounds, you will hear it.

Isaiah 37:38
One day, while he was worshiping in the temple of his god Nisrok, his sons Adrammelek and Sharezer killed him with the sword, and they escaped to the land of Ararat. And Esarhaddon his son succeeded him as king.

Jeremiah 25:14
They themselves will be enslaved by many nations and great kings; I will repay them according to their deeds and the work of their hands."

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