Jeremiah 51:28
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Prepare the nations for battle against her-- the kings of the Medes, their governors and all their officials, and all the countries they rule.

King James Bible
Prepare against her the nations with the kings of the Medes, the captains thereof, and all the rulers thereof, and all the land of his dominion.

Darby Bible Translation
Prepare nations against her, the kings of the Medes, their governors and all their rulers, yea, all the land of their dominion.

World English Bible
Prepare against her the nations, the kings of the Medes, its governors, and all its deputies, and all the land of their dominion.

Young's Literal Translation
Sanctify against it the nations with the kings of Media, Its governors and all its prefects, And all the land of its dominion.

Jeremiah 51:28 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Set ye up a standard - Another summons to the Medes and Persians to attack Babylon.

Ararat, Minni - The Greater and Lesser Armenia.

And Ashchenaz - A part of Phrygia, near the Hellespont. So Bochart, Phaleg, lib. 1 Corinthians 3, lib. 3 c. 9. Concerning Ashchenaz Homer seems to speak, Il. 2:370, 371: -

Φορκυς αυ Φρυγας ηγε, και Ασκανιος θεοειδης,

Τηλ' εξ Ασκανιης.

"Ascanius, godlike youth, and Phorcys led

The Phrygians from Ascania's distant land."

Calmet thinks that the Ascantes, who dwelt in the vicinity of the Tanais, are meant.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the kings

Jeremiah 51:11 Make bright the arrows; gather the shields: the LORD has raised up the spirit of the kings of the Medes...

Jeremiah 25:25 And all the kings of Zimri, and all the kings of Elam, and all the kings of the Medes,

Genesis 10:2 The sons of Japheth; Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras.

1 Chronicles 1:5 The sons of Japheth; Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras.

Madai

Esther 1:3 In the third year of his reign, he made a feast to all his princes and his servants; the power of Persia and Media...

Esther 10:2 And all the acts of his power and of his might, and the declaration of the greatness of Mordecai, whereunto the king advanced him...

Isaiah 13:17 Behold, I will stir up the Medes against them, which shall not regard silver; and as for gold, they shall not delight in it.

Isaiah 21:2 A grievous vision is declared to me; the treacherous dealer deals treacherously, and the spoiler spoils. Go up, O Elam: besiege...

Daniel 5:28-30 PERES; Your kingdom is divided, and given to the Medes and Persians...

Daniel 6:8 Now, O king, establish the decree, and sign the writing, that it be not changed, according to the law of the Medes and Persians...

Daniel 8:3,4,20 Then I lifted up my eyes, and saw, and, behold, there stood before the river a ram which had two horns: and the two horns were high...

Daniel 9:1 In the first year of Darius the son of Ahasuerus, of the seed of the Medes, which was made king over the realm of the Chaldeans;

Library
The Power of Assyria at Its Zenith; Esarhaddon and Assur-Bani-Pal
The Medes and Cimmerians: Lydia--The conquest of Egypt, of Arabia, and of Elam. As we have already seen, Sennacherib reigned for eight years after his triumph; eight years of tranquillity at home, and of peace with all his neighbours abroad. If we examine the contemporary monuments or the documents of a later period, and attempt to glean from them some details concerning the close of his career, we find that there is a complete absence of any record of national movement on the part of either Elam,
G. Maspero—History Of Egypt, Chaldaea, Syria, Babylonia, and Assyria, V 8

The Last King of Judah
Zedekiah at the beginning of his reign was trusted fully by the king of Babylon and had as a tried counselor the prophet Jeremiah. By pursuing an honorable course toward the Babylonians and by paying heed to the messages from the Lord through Jeremiah, he could have kept the respect of many in high authority and have had opportunity to communicate to them a knowledge of the true God. Thus the captive exiles already in Babylon would have been placed on vantage ground and granted many liberties; the
Ellen Gould White—The Story of Prophets and Kings

Cross References
Jeremiah 25:14
They themselves will be enslaved by many nations and great kings; I will repay them according to their deeds and the work of their hands."

Jeremiah 25:25
all the kings of Zimri, Elam and Media;

Jeremiah 50:41
"Look! An army is coming from the north; a great nation and many kings are being stirred up from the ends of the earth.

Jeremiah 51:27
"Lift up a banner in the land! Blow the trumpet among the nations! Prepare the nations for battle against her; summon against her these kingdoms: Ararat, Minni and Ashkenaz. Appoint a commander against her; send up horses like a swarm of locusts.

Jeremiah 51:29
The land trembles and writhes, for the LORD's purposes against Babylon stand-- to lay waste the land of Babylon so that no one will live there.

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