Isaiah 1:29
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"You will be ashamed because of the sacred oaks in which you have delighted; you will be disgraced because of the gardens that you have chosen.

King James Bible
For they shall be ashamed of the oaks which ye have desired, and ye shall be confounded for the gardens that ye have chosen.

Darby Bible Translation
For they shall be ashamed of the terebinths that ye have desired, and ye shall blush for the gardens that ye have chosen.

World English Bible
For they shall be ashamed of the oaks which you have desired, and you shall be confounded for the gardens that you have chosen.

Young's Literal Translation
For men are ashamed because of the oaks That ye have desired, And ye are confounded because of the gardens That ye have chosen.

Isaiah 1:29 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

For they shall be ashamed of the oaks "For ye shall be ashamed of the ilexes" - Sacred groves were a very ancient and favorite appendage of idolatry. They were furnished with the temple of the god to whom they were dedicated, with altars, images, and every thing necessary for performing the various rites of worship offered there; and were the scenes of many impure ceremonies, and of much abominable superstition. They made a principal part of the religion of the old inhabitants of Canaan; and the Israelites were commanded to destroy their groves, among other monuments of their false worship. The Israelites themselves became afterwards very much addicted to this species of idolatry.

"When I had brought them into the land,

Which I swore that I would give unto them;

Then they saw every high hill and every thick tree;

And there they slew their victims;

And there they presented the provocation of their offerings;

And there they placed their sweet savor;

And there they poured out their libations."

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

ashamed

Isaiah 30:22 You shall defile also the covering of your graven images of silver, and the ornament of your molten images of gold...

Isaiah 31:7 For in that day every man shall cast away his idols of silver, and his idols of gold, which your own hands have made to you for a sin.

Isaiah 45:16 They shall be ashamed, and also confounded, all of them: they shall go to confusion together that are makers of idols.

Ezekiel 16:63 That you may remember, and be confounded, and never open your mouth any more because of your shame...

Ezekiel 36:31 Then shall you remember your own evil ways, and your doings that were not good...

Hosea 14:3,8 Asshur shall not save us; we will not ride on horses: neither will we say any more to the work of our hands, You are our gods...

Romans 6:21 What fruit had you then in those things whereof you are now ashamed? for the end of those things is death.

the oaks

Isaiah 57:5 Enflaming yourselves with idols under every green tree, slaying the children in the valleys under the clefts of the rocks?

Ezekiel 6:13 Then shall you know that I am the LORD, when their slain men shall be among their idols round about their altars, on every high hill...

Hosea 4:13 They sacrifice on the tops of the mountains, and burn incense on the hills, under oaks and poplars and elms...

the gardens

Isaiah 65:3 A people that provokes me to anger continually to my face; that sacrifices in gardens, and burns incense on altars of brick;

Isaiah 66:17 They that sanctify themselves, and purify themselves in the gardens behind one tree in the middle, eating swine's flesh...

Jeremiah 2:20 For of old time I have broken your yoke, and burst your bands; and you said, I will not transgress...

Jeremiah 3:6 The LORD said also to me in the days of Josiah the king, Have you seen that which backsliding Israel has done?...

Library
Useless Sacrifice
Preached at Southsea for the Mission of the Good Shepherd. October 1871. Isaiah i. 11-17. "To what purpose is the multitude of your sacrifices unto me? saith the Lord: . . . When ye come to appear before me, who hath required this at your hand, to tread my courts? Bring no more vain oblations; incense is an abomination to me; the new moons and sabbaths, the calling of assemblies, I cannot away with; it is iniquity, even the solemn meeting. Your new moons and your appointed feasts my soul
Charles Kingsley—All Saints' Day and Other Sermons

What Sin Does to Men
'Ye shall be as an oak whose leaf fadeth, and as a garden that hath no water. 31. And the strong shall be as tow, and His work as a spark; and they shall both burn together, and none shall quench them.'--ISAIAH i. 30-31. The original reference of these words is to the threatened retribution for national idolatry, of which 'oaks' and 'gardens' were both seats. The nation was, as it were, dried up and made inflammable; the idol was as the 'spark' or the occasion for destruction. But a wider application,
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

The Greater Prophets.
1. We have already seen (Chap. 15, Nos. 11 and 12) that from Moses to Samuel the appearances of prophets were infrequent; that with Samuel and the prophetical school established by him there began a new era, in which the prophets were recognized as a distinct order of men in the Theocracy; and that the age of written prophecy did not begin till about the reign of Uzziah, some three centuries after Samuel. The Jewish division of the latter prophets--prophets in the more restricted sense of the
E. P. Barrows—Companion to the Bible

Synagogues in the City; and Schools.
"R. Phinehas, in the name of R. Hoshaia, saith, There were four hundred and sixty synagogues in Jerusalem: every one of which had a house of the book, and a house of doctrine," "A house of the book for the Scripture," that is, where the Scripture might be read: "and a house of doctrine for traditions," that is, the Beth Midrash, where traditions might be taught. These things are recited elsewhere, and there the number ariseth to four hundred and eighty. "R. Phinehas, in the name of R. Hoshaia, saith,
John Lightfoot—From the Talmud and Hebraica

Cross References
Isaiah 42:17
But those who trust in idols, who say to images, 'You are our gods,' will be turned back in utter shame.

Isaiah 57:5
You burn with lust among the oaks and under every spreading tree; you sacrifice your children in the ravines and under the overhanging crags.

Isaiah 65:3
a people who continually provoke me to my very face, offering sacrifices in gardens and burning incense on altars of brick;

Isaiah 66:17
"Those who consecrate and purify themselves to go into the gardens, following one who is among those who eat the flesh of pigs, rats and other unclean things--they will meet their end together with the one they follow," declares the LORD.

Hosea 4:13
They sacrifice on the mountaintops and burn offerings on the hills, under oak, poplar and terebinth, where the shade is pleasant. Therefore your daughters turn to prostitution and your daughters-in-law to adultery.

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